Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
1. What are different names for one game?
2. What is the origin of the game?
3. What are the rules for the goalkeeper?
4. What is prohibited in football?
5. What are the main rules of the game?
6. Why may football be considered the number one game in the world?
7. What does the professional equipment for players consist of?
A. Today, football is played at a Professional level all over the world. Millions of people regularly go to football stadiums to follow their favourite teams, while billions watch the game on television or on the Internet. Football has the highest global television audience in sport. A large number of people also play football at an amateur level. Over 240 million people from more than 200 countries regularly play football. In the world football plays an important role in the life of individual fans, local communities, and even nations.
B. In modern football players are not allowed to touch the ball with outstretched arms or hands while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers within their penalty area. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms. The primary law is that players other than goalkeepers may not deliberately handle the ball with their hands or arms during play, though they must use both their hands during a throw-in restart.
C. The name ‘footbalP was given to the game in 1863 by the Football Association to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time, especially rugby football. The term ‘soccer’, originated in England, first appeared in the 1880s. Within the English-speaking world, the game is now usually called football in the UK and mainly soccer in Canada and the US. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, though officially they use football for the formal name.
D. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game ‘cuju ’ (literally “kick ball”) is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to modern football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD), cuju games were standardized and rules were established.
E. The game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The aim of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing gate. The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout. Each team consists of a maximum of eleven players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A game is judged by a referee who has full authority and whose decisions are final.
F. Players are required to wear a shirt, shorts, soeks, footwear and shin guards. A protective cup is highly recommended for male players. Headgear is not a required piece of equipment, but players today may choose to wear it to protect themselves from head injury. Players are forbidden to wear or use anything that is dangerous to themselves or another player, such as jewellery or watches. The goalkeeper must wear clothing that is easily distinguishable from that wom by the other players and the match officials.
A – 6
B – 4
C – 1
D – 2
E – 5
F – 7