Чтение в формате ЕГЭ – вариант 3

Здесь находится тренировочное задание на чтение в формате ЕГЭ, вариант 3.

Задание 1. Установите соответствие между текстами А-G и заголовками 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

Задание 1Ответ

1. Personal style in a uniform
2. Old but dear
3. Get a holiday spirit
4. Dance competition
5. A hobby that carries away
6. Meaning without words
7. The number is not guilty
8. Yes to school uniform

A. Dance is in my heart, in my blood and in my mind. I dance daily. The seldom-used dining room of my house is now an often-used ballroom. The CD-changer has five discs at the ready: waltz, rock-and-roll, swing, salsa, and tango. Tango is a complex and difficult dance. I take three- dancing lessons a week, and I am off to Buenos Aires for three months to feel the culture of tango.

B. Clothes play an important role in my life. My passion for fashion began when I was in elementary school. I attended a private school with uniformed dress code. At first I felt bad that I could not wear what I wanted, but soon I learned to display my creativity and style through shoes and accessories. They can make each of us unique, in a uniform or not.

C. I believe that music has a bigger place in our society than it is given credit for. The single word ‘music’ covers so many styles. Rock bands and classical musicians make listeners get the meaning from the music. Music tells stories about life and death, expresses feelings of love, sadness, anger, guilt, and pain without using words.

D. Even as an eighteen year old young adult, I still feel the magic of Christmas. I believe in a real Christmas tree. My family has had a real Christmas tree every year of my life. When you get home and smell the sweet pine needles, something magical goes into your soul, raises your spirits. Every year we buy a real tree to fully embrace the spirit of Christmas.

E. People often try to get rid of the number thirteen. Many hotels and office buildings across the world do not have a 13th floor! I believe that the number thirteen is not an unlucky number. I was born on January, 13 and do not consider myself unlucky in any way at all! I believe that this number should have all the rights and respect we give the rest of the numbers.

F. Many kids that go to public schools don’t wear a uniform. They like to show off the new expensive clothes and often have trouble picking out outfits for school in the morning. They are more worried about whether their shirt matches the belt, rather than if the homework is completed. I believe that this is a fault of our school system and only causes problems.

G. They say that the music of your youth is the soundtrack of your life. I am 50; I enjoy new artists and new music, but I still find words of wisdom in singles of sixties and seventies, still believe that ‘you can’t always get what you want, but sometimes, you get what you need,’ that ‘all you need is love’. I like to listen to the songs I grew up with.

A – 5
B – 1
C – 6
D – 3
E – 7
F – 8
G – 2

Задание 2. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя.

Задание 2Ответ

Past and present

I believe we are not alone. Even if I am on the other side of the world from the farmhouse I live in, I still dream of the ancient vines out the window, and the shed out back that my grandfather’s father built in 1870 with eucalyptus trunks. As long as I can recreate these images, A _______ .

All of us need some grounding in our modern world of constant moving, buying, selling, meeting and leaving. Some find constancy in religion, others in friends or community. But we need some daily signposts that we are not different, not better, В _______ .

For me, this house, farm, these ancient vines are those roots. Although I came into this world alone and will leave alone, I am not alone.

There are ghosts of dozens of conversations in the hallways, stories I remember about buying new plows that now rust in the barnyard and ruined crops from the
same vines C _______ .

All of us are natural links in a long chain of being, and that I need to know what time of day it is, what season is coming, whether the wind is blowing north or from
the east, and if the moon is still full tomorrow night, D _______ .

The physical world around us constantly changes, E _______ .
We must struggle in our brief existence to find some transcendent meaning and so
find relief in the knowledge F _______ .

You may find that too boring, living with the past as present. I find it refreshing. There is an old answer to every new problem, that wise whispers of the past are with us. If we just listen and remember, we are not alone; we have been here before.

1. I never quite leave home
2. but human nature does not
3. that we are now harvesting
4. but we as well as our heart did not
5. not worse than those who came before us
6. just as the farmers who came before me did
7. that our ancestors have gone through this before

A – 1
B – 5
C – 3
D – 6
E – 2
F – 7

Задание 3. Прочитайте текст и выполните задания. В каждом задании выберете ответ, соответствующий содержанию текста.

Задание 3Ответ

Unleashing the power of creativity

I have always been an optimist and I suppose that is rooted in my belief that the power of creativity and intelligence can make the world a better place. And the life did not disappoint me — many times it proved me right.

For as long as I can remember, I have loved learning new things and solving problems. So when I sat down at a computer for the first time in the seventh grade, I was hooked. It was a clunky old Teletype machine and it could barely do anything compared to the computers we have today. But it changed my life.

When my friend Paul Allen and I started Microsoft 30 years ago, we had a vision of ‘a computer on every desk and in every home’, which probably sounded a little too optimistic at a time when most computers were the size of refrigerators and cost as much as a new modern Japanese car. But we believed that personal computers would change the world. And they have.

And now, after 30 years, I am still as inspired by computers as I was back in the seventh grade. I believe that computers are the most incredible tool we can use to feed our curiosity and inventiveness — to help us solve problems that even the smartest people could not solve on their own.

Computers have transformed how we learn, giving kids everywhere a window into all of the world’s knowledge. And the only thing these youngsters should do is make the right choice, which is not always an easy choice. Computers are helping us build communities around the things we care about and to stay close to the people who are important to us, no matter where they live — next door or on the other side of the world.

Like my friend Warren Buffett, I feel particularly lucky to do something every day that I love doing. He calls it ‘tap-dancing to work’. My job at Microsoft is as challenging as ever, but what makes me ‘tap-dance to work’ is when we show people something new, like a computer that can recognize your handwriting or your speech, or gestures, or one that can store a lifetime’s worth of photos or home videos and they say, T didn’t know you could do that with a PCI’

But for all the cool things that a person can do with a PC, there are lots of other ways we can put our creativity and intelligence to work to improve our world. There are still far too many people in the world whose most basic needs go unmet. Every year, for example, millions of people die from diseases that are easy to prevent or treat in the developed world.

I believe that my own good fortune brings with it a responsibility to give back to the world. My wife, Melinda, and I have committed ourselves to improving health and education in a way that can help as many people as possible.

As a father, I believe that the death of a child in Africa is no less bitter or tragic than the death of a child anywhere else. And that it does not take much to make an immense difference in these children’s lives.
I am still very much an optimist, and I believe that progress on even the world’s toughest problems is possible — and it is happening every day. We are seeing new drugs for deadly diseases, new diagnostic tools, and new attention paid to the health problems in the developing world.

I am excited by the possibilities I see for medicine. And I believe that through our natural inventiveness, creativity and willingness to solve tough problems, we are going to see some amazing achievements in this area in my lifetime.

1. The narrator considers himself an optimist as he
1) has a strong religious belief.
2) believes in the power of human mind.
3) believes the world is perfect.
4) knows how to develop one’s creativity.

2. After the narrator first used a computer he
1) got fascinated with its size.
2) used it to solve his problems.
3) could no longer do without it.
4) was amazed at its unlimited possibilities.

3. The initial dream of the narrator and his friend proved to be
1) naive.
2) manageable.
3) wishful thinking.
4) optimistic but unreal.

4. The narrator believes that computers are perfect to
1) be human friends.
2) create new fields of knowledge.
3) provide people with creative ideas.
4) be used as an instrument to solve human problems.

5. The narrator ‘tap-dances to work’ because he enjoys
1) meeting new people.
2) watching dancing contests.
3) teaching people basic computer skills.
4) doing his job very much.

6. The narrator believes that
1) a lot of people in the world need help.
2) it is impossible to make the world better.
3) people in the world have too many needs.
4) the computer is the only way to improve the world.

7. The narrator predicts the development of new
1) unknown diseases.
2) methods in education.
3) technologies in medicine.
4) creative ways of thinking.

1 – 2
2 – 3
3 – 2
4 – 4
5 – 4
6 – 1
7 – 3