ЕГЭ – диалог (интервью) 59 с вопросами и выбором ответов

Вы услышите с бывшим президентом США Биллом Клинтоном. В следующих заданиях выберите правильный ответ.

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1. Bill Clinton looks more physically fit now because he
1) doesn’t work anymore.
2) eats healthy food.
3) spends much time in the weight room.

2. The issues which the Clinton Global Initiative deals with
1) change every year.
2) are connected with education.
3) are aimed at kids.

3. In Haiti people cut down trees because
1) they use them for making charcoal.
2) it’s a way of earning money.
3) they don’t care about their environment.

4. Bill Clinton believes that
1) America should have a moratorium on offshore drilling.
2) most Americans want to use solar and wind energy.
3) they should persuade Americans to switch to solar and wind energy.

5. Helping the poor is in the self-interest of wealthy people because
1) they have too much wealth.
2) they can also be plunged into poverty.
3) their future depends on the well-being of others.

6. Which of former presidents went on to work in the judiciary after leaving office?
1) Theodore Roosevelt.
2) William Howard Taft.
3) Herbert Hoover.

7. Bill Clinton advises young people coming out of college today
1) to choose career in politics.
2) to acquire financial success.
3) to always help other people.

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Reader’s Digest: It’s been more than ten years since you left office, and you look more physically fit now than you did then. Is the secret in not having to deal with the White House press corps?
Bill Clinton: [Laughs] No. I’m working as hard as ever. But after my heart surgery and my stent, I decided I had to try a radically more heart-friendly diet, and I started watching what I ate. And I try to walk a lot and do some work in the weight room. I feel great.
RD: Let’s talk about the Clinton Global Initiative. How do you choose the specific issues you’re going to tackle?
BC: One of the things we try to do is modulate them and shape them every year based on what our members want. We can introduce commitments specifically designed to perform some good thing like improving education opportunities for women and girls who are likely to be left out of the educational systems of their countries. Or we can study how we can use technology that benefits low-income kids in the US and around the world? Things like that.
RD: In Haiti one of the big problems is that the forests were cut down many years ago and have never been replaced. Why do we still have this situation?
ВС: For most poor people in the world where deforestation is a problem, it’s a real choice because nobody’s really come to them in their area and helped to create jobs. Nobody has given them a chance to participate in a sustainable society. All they know is that their kids have to eat tonight, and if they cut this tree down and sell it for charcoal, they can stay alive for a couple more days. You have to give them another way to make a living.
RD: The same choice was posed after the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. While the oil was still leaking, we could hear: ‘You can’t regulate because it will cost jobs.’ Are we stuck in an old way of thinking?
BC: Yes, there was an immediate blow back when people started talking about having a moratorium on offshore drilling. Why? Because those people make a living doing that, and they have no idea how they can make a living doing anything else. I still believe the American people have not been adequately sold on the fact that we can create a million times more jobs by maximising our solar and wind capacity. We’ve got to build a new world here. The old world is certain, and the new world is uncertain. That’s why normally the people against change defeat the forces of change, and we have to overcome that.
RD: The Clinton Global Initiative is now more than five years old, and it has helped raise $63 billion. What’s your pitch? How do you persuade people to help?
ВС: I believe people should think about their children and grandchildren, in the first place. It is clearly not sustainable to have this much wealth concentrated in so few hands with a weak middle class where people can easily drop out and be plunged into poverty. So when I persuade wealthy people to support our initiatives, I always tell them that we live in an interdependent world, and therefore all these good things I am trying to get people to do are actually in their self-interest.
RD: Jimmy Carter is said to have set the standard for being a productive former president. When you left office, did you consult with him?
BC: I’ve been in almost constant contact with Carter since I was in office. I went down to the Carter Library, and I followed very closely what he did with monitoring elections and promoting human rights. I had also studied the careers of other successful former presidents, like Theodore Roosevelt, who started a new political movement, and William Howard Taft, who went to the Supreme Court. Herbert Hoover oversaw the reorganisation of the federal government and he was actually an immensely successful former president.
RD: You talked about giving advice to kids coming out of college today. Would you tell them to enter politics, journalism, or philanthropy?
BC: I would say, first of all, they have something that most human beings in history didn’t have: the ability to make such a choice. So I would say, ‘Find something you care about; that’s the most important.’ And then I would say, if you go into the military or teaching, inherently serving others — give it all you’ve got. And if you go into a profession that has no connection to other people except indirectly, where you can acquire some financial success, then take some part of your life to do something for other people because the world is interdependent, and it’s too unequal and too unstable.

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