Тренировочное задание 55 на подбор заголовков к текстам.
1. The depiction of the God
2. The hero of modern folklore
3. The god hero of comics
4. Found in many cultures
5. A film about gods
6. A Scandinavian legend
7. The god of Indian tribes
8. Named after the God
A. Polytheistic peoples of many cultures have postulated a thunder god, the personification or source of the forces of thunder and lightning; a lightning god does not have a typical depiction, and will vary based on the culture. In Indo-European cultures, the thunder god is frequently known as the chief or king of the gods, for example, Indra in Hinduism, Zeus in Greek mythology, and Perun in ancient Slavic religion; or Thor, son of Odin, in Norse mythology.
B. The name of Thor takes its origin from the Proto-Germanic masculine noun meaning ‘thunder’. The name of the god is the origin of the weekday name ‘Thursday’. During the Roman Empire period, the Germanic peoples adopted the Roman weekly calendar, but replaced the names of Roman gods with their own. Latin dies Iovis (‘day of Jupiter’) was converted into “Thor’s day”, from which stems modem English ‘Thursday’.
C. Thor is the hammer-wielding god of thunder, lightning, storms, strength, the protection of mankind. Thor is a prominently mentioned god in the recorded history of the Germanic peoples, he was very popular during the Viking Age, where emblems of his hammer, Mjolnir, were worn. In Norse mythology many tales and information about Thor are provided. In these sources, Thor bears at least fifteen names, and is described as fierce eyed, red haired and red bearded god.
D. Thunderbird is a legendary creature in certain native North American peoples’ history and culture. It is considered a supernatural being of power and strength. It is especially important, and frequently depicted, in the art, songs and oral histories of many Pacific Northwest Coast cultures, but is also found in various forms among some peoples of the American Southwest, East Coast of the United States, Great Lakes, and Great Plains.
E. Released in 2015, ‘God of Thunder’ is described as action, adventure and science fiction. Directed by Thomas Shapiro, it has the starring: A1 Burke, Jacqui Holland, Max Aria and others. Defeated on the battlefield by Thor, Loki is brought to Odin for justice. But by using his trickery, Loki escapes to Earth. There he will conquer mankind and raise a large army to use in his quest for domination. Thor is besieged by Loki’s followers, hell-bent on stopping him…at any cost.
F. Thor is a superhero appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character, based on the Norse deity of the same name, is the Asgardian god of thunder and possesses the enchanted hammer Mjolnir, which grants him superhuman abilities. He is a member of the superhero team the Avengers. The character has also appeared in television series, clothing, toys, video games, and movies. Thor was placed 14th of “Top 100 Comic Heroes of All Time” and first of “The Top 50 Avengers”.
G. Tales about Thor continued into the modem period, particularly in Scandinavia. Writing in the 19th century, scholar Jacob Grimm recorded various phrases surviving into Germanic languages which refer to the god, such as the Norwegian ‘Thor’s warmth’ for lightning. In Scandinavian folktales there is the belief that lightning frightens away trolls and ettins. In connection, the lack of trolls and ettins in modem Scandinavia is explained as a result of the «accuracy and efficiency of the lightning strokes».
A – 4
B – 8
C – 1
D – 7
E – 5
F – 3
G – 2