ЕГЭ – диалог (интервью) 45 с вопросами и выбором ответов

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1. The President’s visit to the beach made him understand
1) his own mission.
2) what extraordinary efforts are to be made at the local level.
3) the damaging effects of the spill.

2. The Mayor of Grande Isle said that
1) fishermen had stopped fishing in the Gulf.
2) he had to give fishermen money from his own budget.
3) fishermen were going to buy new boats.

3. By the time they discovered the third breach,
1) more than 20,000 people had been working around the clock.
2) the government had stationed only 70 vessels.
3) the government had already staged some equipment.

4. The President has directed Admiral Allen
1) to increase the number of people in places with oil impact.
2) to perform monitoring of beaches.
3) to triple the amount of protective boom.

5. Barack Obama claims that the ultimate responsibility for solving this crisis lies with
1) British Petroleum (BP).
2) the US President.
3) the British Government.

6. The President is sure that
1) some mitigation strategies may be risky.
2) every judgment they make is going to be right.
3) there will be silver bullets for all challenges.

7. The President promised the people of the Gulf Coast
1) to come down and provide support to the communities along the coasts.
2) that all of the Gulf’s beaches would soon be opened.
3) not to leave them in trouble.

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Good afternoon, everybody. I know it’s a little warm out here so I want to get started. I’ve just had a meeting with members of Congress and local officials, as well as Admiral Thad Allen, the National Incident Commander in charge of response efforts to the BP oil spill. Admiral Allen updated us on the latest efforts to stop the leak and mitigate the damage to the great beaches of the Gulf Coast.

I had the chance to visit Charlotte, a beach like Port Fourchon, which gives you not only a sense of what extraordinary efforts are being made at the local level, but also awareness of the damage that we’re already starting to see as a consequence of this spill. Now, our mission remains the same as it has since this disaster began, since the day I visited Louisiana nearly four weeks ago. We want to stop the leak; we want to contain and clean up the oil; and we want to help the people of this region return to their lives and their livelihoods as soon as possible.

I just had a chance to listen to the Mayor of Grande Isle, our host here, telling us heartbreaking stories about fishermen who are trying to figure out where the next paycheck is going to come from and how they are going to pay the mortgage on their boats. And he says he is having to dig into his pocket at this point to make sure that some of them are able to deal with the economic impact. So this is something that has to be dealt with immediately, not sometime later.

On the day this disaster began we were already staging equipment in the event of a larger-scale spill. By the time we discovered the third breach, a week after the Deepwater Horizon platform sank, we had already stationed more than 70 vessels and hundreds of thousands of feet of protective boom on site. Today, there are more than 20,000 people in the region working around the clock to contain and clean up this spill. We’ve activated about 1,400 members of the National Guard across four states. Nearly 1,400 vessels are aiding in the containment and cleanup effort.

Right now, however, we’re still within the window where we don’t yet know the outcome of the highly complex top kill procedure that the federal government authorized BP to use to try to stop the leak. But our response will continue with its full force regardless of the outcome of the top kill approach because even if the leak was stopped today, it wouldn’t change the fact that these waters still contain oil from what is now the largest spill in American history. And more of it will come ashore.

To ensure that we’re fully prepared for that, I’ve directed Admiral Allen to triple the manpower in places where oil has hit the shore or is within 24 hours of impact. This increase will allow us to further intensify this already historic response, contain and remove oil more quickly, and help minimize the time that any oil comes into contact with our coastline. That means deploying more boom, cleaning more beaches, performing more monitoring of wildlife and impact to this ecosystem. What’s more, we’ve stationed doctors and scientists across the five Gulf States to look out for people’s health and then to monitor any ill effects felt by cleanup workers and local residents.

We have ordered BP to pay economic injury claims, and we will make sure they deliver. BP is the responsible party for this disaster. What that means is they’re legally responsible for stopping the leak and they’re financially responsible for the enormous damage that they’ve created. And we’re going to hold them accountable, along with any other party responsible for the initial explosion and loss of life on that platform. But as I said yesterday, I ultimately take responsibility for solving this crisis. I’m the President and the buck stops with me. So I give the people of this community and the entire Gulf my word that we’re going to hold ourselves accountable to do whatever it takes for as long as it takes to stop this catastrophe, to defend our natural resources, to repair the damage, and to keep this region on its feet.

America has never experienced an event like this before. And that means that as we respond to it, not every judgment we make is going to be right the first time out. Sometimes, there are going to be disagreements between experts, or between federal and state and local officials, about what the most effective measures will be. Sometimes, there are going to be risks and unintended consequences associated with a particular mitigation strategy that we consider. There are not going to be silver bullets or a lot of perfect answers for some of the challenges that we face. The bottom line is this: Every decision we make is based on a single criterion — what’s going to best protect the people and the ecosystems of the Gulf.

I want to thank everybody in this region who’s rolled up their sleeves and pitched in to help. One of the most powerful ways that you can help the Gulf right now is to visit the communities and the beaches of the coast. Except for three beaches here in Louisiana, all of the Gulf’s beaches at this moment are open, they are safe and they are clean. And so a good way to help is to come down and provide support to the communities along the coasts.

To the people of the Gulf Coast: I know that you’ve weathered your fair share of trials and tragedy. I know there have been times where you’ve wondered if you were being asked to face them alone. I am here to tell you that you’re not alone. You will not be abandoned. You will not be left behind. The cameras at some point may leave; the media may get tired of the story; but we will not. We’re going to keep at this every day until the leak has stopped, until this coastline is clean, and your communities are made whole again. That’s my promise to you on behalf of a nation. It is one that we will keep.

And I want to thank everybody here for the extraordinary work that they’re putting in. You shouldn’t underestimate how hard these folks are working on behalf of their constituencies. So thank you very much. Thank you, everybody. (Applause.)

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