Тренировочное задание 31 на подбор заголовков к текстам.
1. This app recognizes your facial expression
2. Your previous understanding of what’s possible is different
3. A threat to the human race
4. Progress always comes at a cost
5. Emotionally intelligent technology
6. The world would be better without humans
7. Stop killer robots
8. The vague future of AI
A) We are quite a long way off developing the computing power or the algorithms for fully autonomous AI (artificial intelligence). We will probably remain in control of technology and it will help us solve many of the world’s problems. But no one really knows what will happen if machines become more intelligent than humans. They may help us, ignore us or destroy us. I tend to believe AI will have a positive influence on our future lives, but whether that is true will be partly up to us.
B) Think of what’s happening right now: military machines like drones, gun turrets and sentry robots are already being used to kill with very little human input. The next step will be autonomous ‘murderbots’, following orders but ultimately deciding who to kill on their own. It seems clear that this would be completely unethical and dangerous for humanity. We need to be very cautious indeed about what we ask machines to do.
C) The potential consequences of creating something that can match or surpass human intelligence are quite frightening. Even now, scientists are teaching computers how to learn on their own. At some point in the near future, their intelligence may well take off and develop at an ever-increasing speed. Human beings evolve biologically very slowly and we would be quickly superseded. Robots may take over millions of human jobs, creating a large underclass of unemployed people.
D) In education, imagine if your learning app senses that you’re confused and slows down, or that you’re bored, so it speeds up, just like a great teacher would in a classroom. What if your wristwatch tracks your mood, or your car senses that you’re tired, or perhaps your fridge knows that you’re stressed, so it auto-locks to prevent you from binge eating. Emotion-enabled wearable glasses can help individuals who are visually impaired read the faces of others.
E) It’s fascinating to consider how we’ll speed up our evolution as a species by augmenting our bodies. Imagine if you could implant a computer inside our brain! Recent developments include self-driving cars and drones carrying life-saving equipment to people at sea. Granted, there have been a few teething problems: one woman had her hair eaten by her robot vacuum cleaner and there have been fatal accidents with selfdriving cars. But the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
F) We give our algorithms tens of thousands of examples of people smiling from different ages, genders, and we do the same for smirks. And then, using deep learning, the algorithm looks for all these wrinkles and shape changes on our face, and learns that all smiles have common characteristics, all smirks have subtly different characteristics. And next time it sees a new face, it essentially learns that this face has the same characteristics of a smile, not a smirk.
G) We have seen this once before, of course. In the Industrial Revolution, we saw a step change in capability thanks to engines. There was social disruption, but once engines were used to generate power, things really settled down. The Machine Learning Revolution is going to be very different from the Industrial Revolution, because the Machine Learning Revolution never settles down. So this is going to be a kind of change that the world has actually never experienced before.
A) – 8
B) – 7
C) – 3
D) – 5
E) – 4
F) – 1
G) – 2