Вы услышите монолог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated).
A) When we are telling a lie, it’s normal.
B) Lying is a way to persuade the other people
C) Lying is an essential part of many kinds of sport
D) Actors should be good at lying
E) Film makers try to deceive the audience
F) Sometimes it’s better to keep silence
G) Our life is possible without telling a lie.
A) When we are telling a lie, it’s normal. TRUE
B) Lying is a way to persuade the other people FALSE
C) Lying is an essential part of many kinds of sport TRUE
D) Actors should be good at lying TRUE
E) Film makers try to deceive the audience TRUE
F) Sometimes it’s better to keep silence NOT STATED
G) Our life is possible without telling a lie. FALSE
Why do we tell a lie? Wouldn’t life be easier if everyone told the truth all the time? It may sound strange but lying, or rather the ability to deceive other people, is an essential part of life.
When we tell, we are trying to deceive someone. We are trying to make someone think or feel something that they would not otherwise think or feel. In other words, lying is about manipulating someone else’s thoughts or feelings. However, so are many other parts of life? If we couldn’t manipulate other people’s thoughts and feelings, life as we know it would be impossible.
Most sport, for example, is based on deception. The footballer who is taking a penalty kick wants to make the goalkeeper think that he’s going to shoot into the right hand side of the net, when in fact he intends to put it into the left hand corner.
Entertainment, too, depends on deception. We know that the people on the stage aren’t really Julius Caesar and Cleopatra. We know that vampires don’t really exist. We let ourselves be deceived. Indeed, in many cases we want to be deceived. The conjuror’s tricks, the comedian’s jokes, the film-maker’s special effects are all forms of deception.
Think about everyday life. What would it really be like, if we had to tell the absolute truth every time? What would that do to courtship, family life and advertising? Could we still tell children about Father Christmas? If your partner cooked an awful dinner, would it really be best to actually say that it was awful? Deception is a natural part of life. We need to get other people to do things all the time, and so we naturally manipulate their thoughts and feelings by not telling the truth or by telling only part of the truth. The question is, when does not telling the whole truth become a lie?