Complex Object – сложное дополнение

Конструкция под названием Complex Object довольно часто употребляется в английском языке с глаголами, выражающими чувственное восприятие или желание. Далее мы рассмотрим основные особенности Complex Object.

Итак, Complex Object (сложное дополнение) имеет следующие случаи употребления:

1. После глаголов восприятия to see (видеть), to hear (слышать), to watch (смотреть), to notice (замечать), to feel (чувствовать):

  • I saw him enter the room. – Я видел, как он входит в комнату.
  • We’ve heard her play the piano. – Мы слышали, как она играет на пианино.
  • Will you watch us danсе? – Вы будете смотреть, как мы танцуем?

Обратите внимание на то, что частица to перед инфинитивом в этих случаях не употребляется. Местоимение употребляется в объектном падеже.

На русский язык Complex Object переводится придаточным предложением с союзами “как”, “что”, “чтобы”.

Иногда инфинитив в таких конструкциях может заменяться причастием I (Participle I). Перевод на русский язык при этом не изменяется:

  • I saw him entering the room. – Я видел, как он входил в комнату.
  • We’ve heard them playing the piano. – Мы слышали, как они играют на пианино.

2. После глаголов to make в значении “заставлять” и to let в значении “разрешать”, “позволять” инфинитив употребляется без частицы to:

  • My colleague made me do this work. – Мой коллега заставил меня делать эту работу.
  • Who let you open the window? – Кто разрешил тебе открыть окно?

3. После глаголов, выражающих волеизъявление to want (хотеть), to wish (желать), to expect (ожидать), и выражения would like (хотел бы) инфинитив употребляется с частицей to:

  • Our parents wanted us to leam English. – Наши родители хотели, чтобы мы учили английский.
  • I would like him to help me. – Я бы хотел, чтобы он помог мне.

Эти УПРАЖНЕНИЯ помогут вам закрепить знание Complex Object.

Образуйте Complex Object с глаголами восприятия. Используйте следующие глаголы: play, sing, discuss, wear, touch, play, say, enter, be, learn, hide, shake.

1. I heard my friend ____ this song.
2. I noticed my sister ____ my skirt.
3. We watched children ____ in the garden.
4. I felt my brother ____ my sleeve.
5. Have you seen my colleagues and me ____ this matter?
6. I haven’t heard our secretary ____ such words.
7. Have you noticed your neighbours ____ the house?
8. Will you watch our friends ____ golf?
9. I felt my friend ____ angry with me.
10. I have never heard my father ____ poems by heart.
11. We have never seen our teacher ____ hands with anybody.
12. Have you seen your sister ____ documents from you?

Answer
1. I heard my friend sing this song.
2. I noticed my sister wear my skirt.
3. We watched children play in the garden.
4. I felt my brother touch my sleeve.
5. Have you seen my colleagues and me discuss this matter?
6. I haven’t heard our secretary say such words.
7. Have you noticed your neighbours enter the house?
8. Will you watch our friends play golf?
9. I felt my friend be angry with me.
10. I have never heard my father learn poems by heart.
11. We have never seen our teacher shake hands with anybody.
12. Have you seen your sister hide documents from you?

Образуйте Complex Object с глаголами to make и to let. Используйте следующие глаголы: translate, work, speak, leave, do, agree, commit, go, lie, discuss.

1. My mother made my sister ____ her room.
2. Our chief made my colleagues ____ on Sunday.
3. A teacher made my brother ____ a lot of artides from English into Russian.
4. The secretary didn’t let guests ____ on the phone for a long time.
5. Nothing will make my uncle ____ his comfortable flat.
6. What makes this programmer ____ on such conditions?
7. Our neighbours will never let their son ____ to the army.
8. What made this man ____ such an awful crime?
9. Will you ever let your colleagues ____ to you?
10. What makes these people ____ this matter again and again?

Answer
1. My mother made my sister do her room.
2. Our chief made my colleagues work on Sunday.
3. A teacher made my brother translate a lot of artides from English into Russian.
4. The secretary didn’t let guests speak on the phone for a long time.
5. Nothing will make my uncle leave his comfortable flat.
6. What makes this programmer agree on such conditions?
7. Our neighbours will never let their son go to the army.
8. What made this man commit such an awful crime?
9. Will you ever let your colleagues lie to you?
10. What makes these people discuss this matter again and again?

Образуйте Complex Object с глаголами, выражающими волеизъявление to want, to wish, to expect и выражением would like. Используйте следующие глаголы: to become, to learn, to do, to get up, to come, to marry, to have, to drive, to wait, to impress, to help, to go, to send, to stay, to write.

1. Yesterday my friend wanted me ____ early in the morning.
2. I don’t wish you ____ a manager.
3. Who wants you ____ this work?
4. Does anybody wish you ____ a colleague of yours?
5. Do you expect your parents ____ home not late tonight?
6. Do you expect ____ English within a year?
7. Do you expect such a film ____ your friends greatly?
8. I would like my friend ____ for me at the office.
9. My mother would like us ____ her in the kitchen.
10. Would you like the secretary ____ a fax?
11. Would you like my colleague ____ you home?
12. Who would like you ____ here for a night or two?
13. Our neighbours would like their son ____ the university.
14. I wish you ____ a lot of children.
15. My sister wanted me ____ a few articles for this newspaper.

Answer
1. Yesterday my friend wanted me to get up early in the morning.
2. I don’t wish you to become a manager.
3. Who wants you to do this work?
4. Does anybody wish you to marry a colleague of yours?
5. Do you expect your parents to come home not late tonight?
6. Do you expect to learn English within a year?
7. Do you expect such a film to impress your friends greatly?
8. I would like my friend to wait for me at the office.
9. My mother would like us to help her in the kitchen.
10. Would you like the secretary to send a fax?
11. Would you like my colleague to drive you home?
12. Who would like you to stay here for a night or two?
13. Our neighbours would like their son to go to the university.
14. I wish you to have a lot of children.
15. My sister wanted me to write a few articles for this newspaper.