Как написать хорошее эссе. Учимся выполнять задание C2 ЕГЭ по английскому языку.

Рекомендации по написанию хорошего эссе.

  • Письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения не должно превышать 200-250 слов.
  • Данное задание делится на четыре абзаца.
  • 1) В первой части необходимо сформулировать тему.

    Нельзя повторять задание дословно; оно обязательно должно быть перефразировано!

    2) Во второй части необходимо высказать и объяснить свое мнение.

    При объяснении своего мнения вам следует опираться на положительные стороны обсуждаемого предмета (преимущества, достоинства. плюсы). Не забывайте о словах и фразовых словосочетаниях, которые помогают раскрыть основную мысль:

    То begin / start with…
    According to… Some people think…
    First… Firstly…First of all… Secondly…
    Moreover…In addition… Also… Apart from this…
    As far as I am concerned… To my mind… In my view…
    For example… For instance… Like… Such as…

    3) В третей части вы соглашаетесь с тем, что у обсуждаемого предмета есть и другая сторона.

    Объясните, в чем она заключается. При объяснении альтернативной стороны выделите недостатки (негативные аспекты, минусы) обсуждаемого предмета. Вам также следует сказать о том, что лично вы (несмотря на выявленные недостатки) все-таки смотрите на предмет с позитивной стороны. Кратко объясните, почему вы придерживаетесь этой точки зрения.

    Слова и фразовые словосочетания, употребляемые в данном абзаце, могут включать в себя:

    On the one hand, … on the other hand But… Not only…
    In contrast to this… In spite of… Despite… Nevertheless…

    4) Заключительная часть подводит итог вышеизложенному. Наиболее часто употребляемые слова и словосочетания:

    То sum up… In conclusion…

Пример задания С2

С2 You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.

Many people think that the computer is one of the most useful inventions of the 20lh century.
What is your opinion? What can you say for and against this problem?

Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan:
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
• give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it
• draw a conclusion

Пример готового эссе с комментариями.

Итак, сначала формулируем тему: Computers came into wide use about 20 years ago and they are playing an important role in our life. Will it be possible to live without a computer now?

Высказываем свою точку зрения: In my opinion, living without computerized technical equipment is totally impossible now. Далее раскрываем свою точку зрения: Computers are installed everywhere: in most companies, hotels, railway stations, airports, hospitals, schools. They perform a wide variety of activities reliably, accurately, and quickly. People use computers in many ways. In business, for example, computers may check the credit status of customers, and transfer money electronically. In homes, computers in most appliances control the temperature, operate home security systems, tell the time, and turn TV on and off. Computers are widely used in scientific research to solve mathematical problems or investigate complicated data. Computers help us to study. They also entertain: we can play electronic games, listen to music, and see films. The Internet helps to communicate with the world and provides us with information about everything.

Смотрим на проблему с другой стороны, объясняем, почему альтернативная точка зрения имеет право на существование: But the introduction of the computer brought into existence a lot of problems. Firstly, the computer tells on our health: eyesight, sleep, mood and so on. People spending hours at the computer see worse, often feel exhausted and sleep less. Secondly, a lot of people, especially young ones, have become dependent on the computer. They cannot imagine their lives without games or chats in the Internet. And finally, the computer brought into our lives other forms of crime. Hackers can break your security system and steal databases or even money from your bank account. Заявляем о том, что все-таки не поддерживаем противоположную позицию и кратко объясняем, почему. Nevertheless the technical progress is unstoppable and I think people should accept the situation as it is and continue to develop computer technology.

Подводим итог: To sum it up, I can agree that the computer is an important invention. But as any other sophisticated device, it should be handled with care.

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