Эссе (сочинение) по английскому языку на тему: Well-developed industry ensures the well-being of the whole country and its citizens. But industrial growth is often followed by aggravation of environmental problems.
Industrial development plays a large role in prosperity of any country. I doubt whether the country could do without leading industries, such as: heavy and light industry, power engineering, extractive industry, heavy engineering, chemical industry, etc. Very often the welfare of the whole city depends on stability and efficiency of one factory.
But such an intense development adversely affects the environment. For instance, oil production is one of the most important industries all over the world. Nowadays, it is difficult to imagine our life without oil. But its extraction results in terrible problems: ground depression in places of oil extraction, its pouring out into the great oceans. Air photography shows that one third of sea surface is covered with an oil slick causing mass destruction of sea fauna and birds.
In addition to oil production, chemical industry is another destructive factor. Chemical factories pollute air, water and soil. Tons of poisonous gases like carbon dioxide, nitric oxide, hydrocarbon are emitted every day.
No doubt mankind can’t help making industrial progress. But we should begin to think about prevention of disastrous damage our industrial flourishing does to our fragile nature. Factories should constantly improve their cleaning machinery to lessen toxicity of their emissions.