Озвученный английский онлайн текст Irrational Fears.
Phobias are very common, with many people admitting to being irrationally afraid of something.
Phobias are psychologically interesting. There are three possible types: specific phobias, social phobias and agoraphobia. Agoraphobia isn’t just a fear of open spaces; it describes a fear of any situation where escape would be difficult and / or help would be difficult to get.
Specific phobias are probably the best known. Specific phobias can be further divided into fears of a situation (e. g. claustrophobia), natural environment, animal etc.
Arachnophobia (fear of spiders), for instance, can be very potent. How many I-Pads / phones / laptops were ruined due to being thrown across the room in a panic? Most would consider this an overreaction. The biggest spider is physically no match for a person; a rolled up newspaper is not considered a lethal weapon among humans. Yet the irrational fear of spiders is commonplace.
Social phobias are where you have an irrational fear of how people will react to you in a situation. Because of this some people are afraid to speak up or communicate at all.