Текст и пропущенные части

Одно из заданий на чтение ЕГЭ по английскому языку предполагает заполнение пропусков в тексте частями предложений. На этой странице приводятся решение заданий из открытой базы Федерального института педагогических измерений (фипи).

Задание 1 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

London Zoo

London Zoo is one of the most important zoos in the world. There are over 12,000 animals at London Zoo and A __________! Its main concern is to breed threatened animals in captivity. This means we might be able to restock the wild, should disaster ever befall the wild population.

Partula Snail, Red Crowned Crane, Arabian Oryx, Golden Lion Tamarin, Persian Leopard, Asiatic Lion and Sumatran Tiger are just some of the species London Zoo is helping to save.

That is why it is so important that we fight to preserve the habitats that these animals live in, as well as eliminate other dangers B __________. But we aim to make your day at London Zoo a fun and memorable time, C __________.

In the Ambika Paul Children’s Zoo, for instance, youngsters can learn a new love and appreciation for animals D __________. They can also learn how to care for favourite pets in the Pet Care Centre.

Then there are numerous special Highlight events E __________ unforgettable pony rides to feeding times and spectacular animal displays. You will get to meet keepers and ask them what you are interested in about the animals they care for, F __________.

Whatever you decide, you will have a great day. We have left no stone unturned to make sure you do!

1. because they see and touch them close up
2. such as hunting exotic animals and selling furs
3. as well as the ins and outs of being a keeper at London Zoo
4. that is not counting every ant in the colony
5. which demand much time and effort
6. which take place every day, from
7. despite the serious side to our work

A−4; B−2; C−7; D−1; E−6; F−3

London Zoo

London Zoo is one of the most important zoos in the world. There are over 12,000 animals at London Zoo and that is not counting every ant in the colony (В Лондонском зоопарке живут более 12 тысяч животных, не считая муравьев в колонии)! Its main concern is to breed threatened animals in captivity. This means we might be able to restock the wild, should disaster ever befall the wild population.

Partula Snail, Red Crowned Crane, Arabian Oryx, Golden Lion Tamarin, Persian Leopard, Asiatic Lion and Sumatran Tiger are just some of the species London Zoo is helping to save.

That is why it is so important that we fight to preserve the habitats that these animals live in, as well as eliminate other dangers such as hunting exotic animals and selling furs (Поэтому нас важно бороться за сохранение среды обитания этих животных, а также устранять другие опасности, такие как охота на экзотических животных и продажа их меха). But we aim to make your day at London Zoo a fun and memorable time, despite the serious side to our work (Но мы стараемся сделать ваш день в Лондонском зоопарке веселым и незабываемым временем, несмотря на серьезность нашей работы).

In the Ambika Paul Children’s Zoo, for instance, youngsters can learn a new love and appreciation for animals because they see and touch them close up (В детском зоопарке имени Амбики Пол, например, дети могут по-новому почувствовать любовь к животным, потому что они видят их вблизи и прикасаются к ним). They can also learn how to care for favourite pets in the Pet Care Centre.

Then there are numerous special Highlight events which take place every day, from unforgettable pony rides to feeding times and spectacular animal displays (И потом имеются многочисленные особые мероприятия, которые проходят каждый день, от незабываемых поездок на пони до кормежки и захватывающих выставок животных). You will get to meet keepers and ask them what you are interested in about the animals they care for, as well as the ins and outs of being a keeper at London Zoo (Вы встретите смотрителей и зададите интересующие вас вопросы о животных, о которых они заботятся, а также о всех деталях работы смотрителем в Лондонском зоопарке).

Whatever you decide, you will have a great day. We have left no stone unturned to make sure you do!

Задание 2 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Harry Potter course for university students

Students of Durham University are being given the chance to sign up to what is thought to be the UK’s first course focusing on the world of Harry Potter. Although every English-speaking person in the world knows about Harry Potter books and films, few have thought of using them as a guide to … modern life.

The Durham University module uses the works of JK Rowling A __________ modern society. “Harry Potter and the Age of Illusion” will be available for study next year. So far about 80 undergraduates have signed B __________ a BA degree in Education Studies. Future educationalists will analyse JK Rowling’s fanfiction from various points of view.

A university spokesman said: “This module places the Harry Potter novels in a wider social and cultural context.” He added that a number of themes would be explored, C __________ the classroom, bullying, friendship and solidarity and the ideals of and good citizenship.

The module was created by the head of the Department of Education at Durham University. He said the idea for the new module had appeared in response D __________ body: “It seeks to place the series in its wider social and cultural context and will explore some fundamental issues E __________. You just need to read the academic writing which started F __________ that Harry Potter is worthy of serious study.”

1. up for the optional module, part of
2. such as the moral universe of the school
3. to examine prejudice, citizenship and bullying in
4. including the world of rituals, prejudice and intolerance in
5. to emerge four or five years ago to see
6. such as the response of the writer
7. to growing demand from the student

A-3; B-1; C-4; D-7; E-2; F-5

Harry Potter course for university students

Students of Durham University are being given the chance to sign up to what is thought to be the UK’s first course focusing on the world of Harry Potter. Although every English-speaking person in the world knows about Harry Potter books and films, few have thought of using them as a guide to … modern life.

The Durham University module uses the works of JK Rowling to examine prejudice, citizenship and bullying in modern society (В модуле Даремского университета используются работы Дж Роулинг, чтобы исследовать предрассудки, гражданственность и притеснения в современном обществе). “Harry Potter and the Age of Illusion” will be available for study next year. So far about 80 undergraduates have signed up for the optional module, part of a BA degree in Education Studies (На данный момент около 80 студентов записались на факультативный модуль, который является ступенью к степени бакалавра по педагогике). Future educationalists will analyse JK Rowling’s fanfiction from various points of view.

A university spokesman said: “This module places the Harry Potter novels in a wider social and cultural context.” He added that a number of themes would be explored, including the world of rituals, prejudice and intolerance in the classroom, bullying, friendship and solidarity and the ideals of and good citizenship (Он добавил, что будет исследоваться ряд тем, включая мир ритуалов, предрассудков и нетерпимости в классе, притеснений, дружбы и солидарности, а также идеалов гражданственности).

The module was created by the head of the Department of Education at Durham University. He said the idea for the new module had appeared in response to growing demand from the student body (Он сказал, что идея нового модуля появилась в ответ на растущую потребность студенчества): “It seeks to place the series in its wider social and cultural context and will explore some fundamental issues such as the moral universe of the school (Цель модуля – переложить данную серию (книг) в более широкий социально-культурный контекст и исследовать фундаментальные вещи, такие как моральное пространство школы). You just need to read the academic writing which started to emerge four or five years ago to see that Harry Potter is worthy of serious study (Вам просто необходимо прочесть академические сочинения, которые начали появляться четыре-пять лет назад, чтобы понять, что Гарри Поттер заслуживает серьезного изучения).”

Задание 3 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Egg whites

Health-food crazes change not only the eating habits of a lot of people, but also the supply and demand of food. It has recently become quite popular to order omelettes made with egg whites only, A __________. Because of their supposed health benefits, and because the yolk is high in fat and cholesterol, the whites are in high demand and the yolks are being tossed aside.

And the trend doesn’t just affect omelettes. Health-conscious Americans have moved beyond the yolkfree omelette В ________.

Although not so much of a problem in the UK, as the egg-white craze hasn’t really taken off there yet, the US is facing a shortage of egg whites. Egg suppliers there have noted an increase in the sales price of egg whites to nearly double what it was in the recent past, С _______ .

A curious question is where all the unused yolks go. Considering that it’s such a huge waste, one might wonder how responsible this eating habit is for the world’s food supply. One company that supplies egg whites says that every single yolk that they separate from the egg is sold to other food companies. Still, for restaurants that buy whole eggs and discard the yolks to make their omelettes, D _______.

On top of that, recent studies have demonstrated that egg yolks are not that bad for you. In fact, the yolks, although fatty and higher in calories, contain all the nutrients, E _______ .

Nonetheless, the egg-white craze may be here for a while. Supporters claim there’s no better way to get the amount of protein an egg white provides, without calories or fat. The only deterrent could possibly be flavour, F _______.

1. and the role they play in raising cholesterol in our bodies is small
2. the bulk of the yolks are seen going down the drain
3. the clear part of the egg which is fat-free and high in protein
4. as egg whites are not known to be full of it
5. to demand egg white-only burritos, sandwiches and shakes
6. the worldwide demand for egg whites seems to be on the rise
7. and supplies of egg whites are at an all-time low

A-3; B-5; C-7; D-2; E-1; F-4

Egg whites

Health-food crazes change not only the eating habits of a lot of people, but also the supply and demand of food. It has recently become quite popular to order omelettes made with egg whites only, the clear part of the egg which is fat-free and high in protein. Because of their supposed health benefits, and because the yolk is high in fat and cholesterol, the whites are in high demand and the yolks are being tossed aside.

And the trend doesn’t just affect omelettes. Health-conscious Americans have moved beyond the yolkfree omelette to demand egg white-only burritos, sandwiches and shakes.

Although not so much of a problem in the UK, as the egg-white craze hasn’t really taken off there yet, the US is facing a shortage of egg whites. Egg suppliers there have noted an increase in the sales price of egg whites to nearly double what it was in the recent past, and supplies of egg whites are at an all-time low.

A curious question is where all the unused yolks go. Considering that it’s such a huge waste, one might wonder how responsible this eating habit is for the world’s food supply. One company that supplies egg whites says that every single yolk that they separate from the egg is sold to other food companies. Still, for restaurants that buy whole eggs and discard the yolks to make their omelettes, the bulk of the yolks are seen going down the drain.

On top of that, recent studies have demonstrated that egg yolks are not that bad for you. In fact, the yolks, although fatty and higher in calories, contain all the nutrients, and the role they play in raising cholesterol in our bodies is small.

Nonetheless, the egg-white craze may be here for a while. Supporters claim there’s no better way to get the amount of protein an egg white provides, without calories or fat. The only deterrent could possibly be flavour, as egg whites are not known to be full of it.

Задание 4 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Hermitage Museum

One of Russia’s crowning achievements is the Hermitage Museum, a complex of large and impressive neoclassical buildings located in St Petersburg. The museum was created in 1764 by Catherine the Great and it contains over 3 million items, A _______ .

As well as housing the Hermitage Museum, the imperial family of Russia made their home on the complex, in the Winter Palace, from 1732 to 1917. It was from this location that the emperors of Russia ruled over lands В ________.

The museum’s massive collection of paintings was started by Catherine the Great, when she purchased either 225 or 317 paintings (sources do not agree) from a merchant in Germany С ________. The paintings included works by Rembrandt, Rubens, van Dyck and Raphael.

The operation of the museum during its early years consisted of hundreds of people employed by the Russian monarchy. The complex was also the location of several important events and festivals held by the Russian royal family D _______ . Together with the large collection of art, the complex became a symbol of Russian pride.

The ownership of the Hermitage Museum, its contents and its buildings passed to the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution of 1917. While some of its possessions were sold secretly, most of the collection remained intact E _______ . Many works were shipped off for protection during the Second World War.

In the 1990s it was revealed that the Hermitage Museum held collections from Germany that had been confiscated by the Red Army. They are an important collection of French Impressionist and post-impressionist artwork F _______ . In 1995 they were displayed for the first time since the war ended.

1. who had compiled a collection initially intended for the king of Prussia
2. and attended by the various nobility of the country
3. including the largest number of paintings of any museum in the world
4. who managed to hide much of the art from invading armies
5. originating from private collections taken during the war
6. and the Soviet government maintained the complex as a public museum
7. that spanned almost one sixth of the Earth’s surface area

A-3; B-7; C-1; D-2; E-6; F-5

Hermitage Museum

One of Russia’s crowning achievements is the Hermitage Museum, a complex of large and impressive neoclassical buildings located in St Petersburg. The museum was created in 1764 by Catherine the Great and it contains over 3 million items, including the largest number of paintings of any museum in the world.

As well as housing the Hermitage Museum, the imperial family of Russia made their home on the complex, in the Winter Palace, from 1732 to 1917. It was from this location that the emperors of Russia ruled over lands that spanned almost one sixth of the Earth’s surface area.

The museum’s massive collection of paintings was started by Catherine the Great, when she purchased either 225 or 317 paintings (sources do not agree) from a merchant in Germany who had compiled a collection initially intended for the king of Prussia. The paintings included works by Rembrandt, Rubens, van Dyck and Raphael.

The operation of the museum during its early years consisted of hundreds of people employed by the Russian monarchy. The complex was also the location of several important events and festivals held by the Russian royal family and attended by the various nobility of the country. Together with the large collection of art, the complex became a symbol of Russian pride.

The ownership of the Hermitage Museum, its contents and its buildings passed to the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution of 1917. While some of its possessions were sold secretly, most of the collection remained intact and the Soviet government maintained the complex as a public museum. Many works were shipped off for protection during the Second World War.

In the 1990s it was revealed that the Hermitage Museum held collections from Germany that had been confiscated by the Red Army. They are an important collection of French Impressionist and post-impressionist artwork originating from private collections taken during the war. In 1995 they were displayed for the first time since the war ended.

Задание 5 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Wales

Wales shares a great deal of its history with the rest of Great Britain, but it has its own distinctive identity that is closer to the Celtic regions of the British Isles, such as Ireland, Scotland and Cornwall, and also to Brittany in northern France. These regions make up the Celtic nations, A _______ .

Wales, like Scotland and England, is considered to be a country within the country of the United Kingdom. This is because the region is distinctly different from other regions in aspects like history and culture, В ________.

Although Wales is represented in the United Kingdom’s House of Commons, the lower house of the UK’s parliament, it is also partly self-governed. Some Welsh people wish for independence, С _______ . Polls show that around 80-90% of Welsh people do not favour separation from the UK.

Nearly everyone in Wales speaks English, but Wales is officially a bilingual country, the other official language being Welsh. Wales is known as Cymru in the Welsh language, pronounced ‘kum-ree’, and the Welsh people are known as Cymry, D _______.

Indeed, the influence of the rest of the UK on Wales has been strong and the use of English so widespread that the Welsh language was feared to be dying out. A law passed in 1993 officially placed the Welsh language on a par with English in the country. Court proceedings can be carried out in Welsh or English, E_______.

Furthermore, there are different dialects and forms of pronunciation of Welsh within the country. Differences are noted between the northern and southern regions, and a combination of English and Welsh, commonly known as ‘Wenglish’, has emerged F _______.

1. which is pronounced in the same way as the country’s name
2. which mixes words, grammar and pronunciation from the two languages
3. of which Wales is an integral and influential part
4. and road signs and public documents are printed in both languages
5. although it doesn’t have embassies and is subject to most UK laws
6. of which a large number of Welsh people approve
7. although support for it is not particularly strong

A-3; B-5; C-7; D-1; E-4; F-2

Wales

Wales shares a great deal of its history with the rest of Great Britain, but it has its own distinctive identity that is closer to the Celtic regions of the British Isles, such as Ireland, Scotland and Cornwall, and also to Brittany in northern France. These regions make up the Celtic nations, of which Wales is an integral and influential part.

Wales, like Scotland and England, is considered to be a country within the country of the United Kingdom. This is because the region is distinctly different from other regions in aspects like history and culture, although it doesn’t have embassies and is subject to most UK laws.

Although Wales is represented in the United Kingdom’s House of Commons, the lower house of the UK’s parliament, it is also partly self-governed. Some Welsh people wish for independence, although support for it is not particularly strong. Polls show that around 80-90% of Welsh people do not favour separation from the UK.

Nearly everyone in Wales speaks English, but Wales is officially a bilingual country, the other official language being Welsh. Wales is known as Cymru in the Welsh language, pronounced ‘kum-ree’, and the Welsh people are known as Cymry, which is pronounced in the same way as the country’s name.

Indeed, the influence of the rest of the UK on Wales has been strong and the use of English so widespread that the Welsh language was feared to be dying out. A law passed in 1993 officially placed the Welsh language on a par with English in the country. Court proceedings can be carried out in Welsh or English, and road signs and public documents are printed in both languages.

Furthermore, there are different dialects and forms of pronunciation of Welsh within the country. Differences are noted between the northern and southern regions, and a combination of English and Welsh, commonly known as ‘Wenglish’, has emerged which mixes words, grammar and pronunciation from the two languages.

Задание 6 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Anatoli Tarasov

It takes a tough coach to lead a team to victory, even though such a coach may bring controversy. This was the case for Anatoli Tarasov, one of ice hockeys greatest coaching legends A ________.

Tarasov, a former ice hockey player himself, was tasked with building an ice hockey team from scratch for the Soviet Union after World War II. At that time, ice hockey was not very popular, but Tarasov had fallen in love with it, was particularly skilful at it В ________.

So, Tarasov founded the ice hockey department at CSKA Moscow, the country’s leading sports club. His early career didn’t see a great deal of success, and he was replaced by a rival coach, Arkady Chernyshev, who didn’t fare much better. However, the two men then joined forces and won consecutive titles for over a decade, С ________.

Tarasov had his own style of training his athletes. He focused heavily on simple drills to perfect specific skills and he required all of his players to be in constant motion during the drills, D _______ .

Tarasov was an ambitious coach, but his ambitions sometimes displeased others. He once marched his team off the rink in protest at a bad call by a referee. This resulted in his removal as coach, and E ______ .

Still intent on being involved with the sport, Tarasov remained a guiding force for the team, often sitting near the coaching bench at subsequent matches. In one particular moment of irritation at witnessing his team gradually losing a match, Tarasov jumped in F _______. His actions led the team to victory. Despite his controversial nature, he is honoured in the Hockey Hall of Fame for his outstanding contribution to the sport.

1. and seemed to be the perfect choice for leading a team
2. a method that seemed unusual to seasoned teams like the Canadians
3. a second-in-command coach was moved forward to replace him
4. who was sometimes the cause of disagreement around the rink
5. who sporting club members felt was a less controversial coach
6. and took the reins from the existing coach
7. which peaked with the victory at the 1972 Olympic Games

A-4; B-1; C-7; D-2; E-3; F-6

Anatoli Tarasov

It takes a tough coach to lead a team to victory, even though such a coach may bring controversy. This was the case for Anatoli Tarasov, one of ice hockeys greatest coaching legends who was sometimes the cause of disagreement around the rink.

Tarasov, a former ice hockey player himself, was tasked with building an ice hockey team from scratch for the Soviet Union after World War II. At that time, ice hockey was not very popular, but Tarasov had fallen in love with it, was particularly skilful at it and seemed to be the perfect choice for leading a team.

So, Tarasov founded the ice hockey department at CSKA Moscow, the country’s leading sports club. His early career didn’t see a great deal of success, and he was replaced by a rival coach, Arkady Chernyshev, who didn’t fare much better. However, the two men then joined forces and won consecutive titles for over a decade, which peaked with the victory at the 1972 Olympic Games.

Tarasov had his own style of training his athletes. He focused heavily on simple drills to perfect specific skills and he required all of his players to be in constant motion during the drills, a method that seemed unusual to seasoned teams like the Canadians.

Tarasov was an ambitious coach, but his ambitions sometimes displeased others. He once marched his team off the rink in protest at a bad call by a referee. This resulted in his removal as coach, and a second-in-command coach was moved forward to replace him.

Still intent on being involved with the sport, Tarasov remained a guiding force for the team, often sitting near the coaching bench at subsequent matches. In one particular moment of irritation at witnessing his team gradually losing a match, Tarasov jumped in and took the reins from the existing coach. His actions led the team to victory. Despite his controversial nature, he is honoured in the Hockey Hall of Fame for his outstanding contribution to the sport.

Задание 7 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

The new wind turbine

Green energy has become a focus in technological advancement, as scientists are looking for ways to create or harness energy without damaging the planet. The wind turbine is one of the biggest breakthroughs in renewable energy, and as a result, A _______.

Although the traditional wind turbine has shown great benefits, it is not without flaws. One of the obvious problems is that some days are just not that windy; however, in the higher layers of our atmosphere, it is always windy. Scientists have been watching this never-ending power source very closely, В ________.

So, they’ve designed new types of wind turbines, known as airborne wind turbines, which can reach this higher layer. One specific model is known as BAT, or buoyant airborne turbine, which is similar to a giant balloon. It’s filled with helium, which allows it to rise high in the sky, С ________.

In the centre of the balloon is a turbine, and the balloon itself is tied to the ground with cables that carry the turbine’s electricity down to Earth. Extremely light and portable, D ______ .

The company that has developed this technology says it will be the answer to rural power needs. People who live in remote areas often can’t take advantage of renewable energy because setting up traditional wind turbines is very costly. And if they can’t even connect to the national grid, as is the case in some places in Alaska, E _______.

Hopefully with this new technology, more people will be able to live a greener life. The BAT is just one type of airborne wind turbine; F _______ , or at least to provide a variety of turbines to suit different needs.

1. and some have described it as looking like an inflatable doughnut
2. they have to run expensive petrol-powered generators
3. there are fewer wind turbines in this location for people to use
4. and they’re looking to discover a way to make better use of it
5. they can be seen dotted across landscapes around the world
6. there are more being developed in the search for the perfect design
7. the balloon can be set up in remote places far away from electricity grids

A-5; B-4; C-1; D-7; E-2; F-6

The new wind turbine

Green energy has become a focus in technological advancement, as scientists are looking for ways to create or harness energy without damaging the planet. The wind turbine is one of the biggest breakthroughs in renewable energy, and as a result, they can be seen dotted across landscapes around the world.

Although the traditional wind turbine has shown great benefits, it is not without flaws. One of the obvious problems is that some days are just not that windy; however, in the higher layers of our atmosphere, it is always windy. Scientists have been watching this never-ending power source very closely, and they’re looking to discover a way to make better use of it.

So, they’ve designed new types of wind turbines, known as airborne wind turbines, which can reach this higher layer. One specific model is known as BAT, or buoyant airborne turbine, which is similar to a giant balloon. It’s filled with helium, which allows it to rise high in the sky, and some have described it as looking like an inflatable doughnut.

In the centre of the balloon is a turbine, and the balloon itself is tied to the ground with cables that carry the turbine’s electricity down to Earth. Extremely light and portable, the balloon can be set up in remote places far away from electricity grids.

The company that has developed this technology says it will be the answer to rural power needs. People who live in remote areas often can’t take advantage of renewable energy because setting up traditional wind turbines is very costly. And if they can’t even connect to the national grid, as is the case in some places in Alaska, they have to run expensive petrol-powered generators.

Hopefully with this new technology, more people will be able to live a greener life. The BAT is just one type of airborne wind turbine; there are more being developed in the search for the perfect design, or at least to provide a variety of turbines to suit different needs.

Задание 8 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Pavlovsk Palace

Pavlovsk Palace near St Petersburg has a remarkable story. In its over 200 years of existence, it has been ravaged by fire, A _______. But its survival of World War II is perhaps the most interesting period in its history

The palace was built in the late 18th century on land that belonged to Catherine the Great. She had passed the land down to her son, Paul I, and his wife, Maria, upon the birth of their son, Alexander I of Russia. Scottish architect Charles Cameron, a lover of Greek and Roman architecture, was hired to design the palace. His relationship with Catherine the Great was quite close, В ______ .

The three ol them had competing interests tor the interiors, each one disliking the others’ tastes. Eventually the palace was finished, and after Catherine the Great’s passing, Paul I made it the official royal residence. His death in 1801 meant Alexander I would become emperor, С _______ .

The palace stayed in royal hands up until the Russian Revolution, when the royal family fled the country They left the palace to Alexander Polovotsoff, a prominent museum director, who fought to have it saved as a museum. His success meant that the palace survived, D _______ .

Just before its seizure, the museum staff hurried to save the art contained in the museum. Furniture was dismantled and shipped off, E _______ .

Perhaps the cleverest trick involved the statues. They were too heavy to evacuate, so the staff buried them in the gardens. They sank them three metres into the ground, F _______ . They were right; after the occupation was over, the statues still remained.

1. occupied by foreign troops and nearly completely destroyed
2. and large antiquities were stored in a basement and walled up
3. but it would be seized by the Germans years later and used for military purposes
4. and he designated the house as his mother Maria’s official residence
5. believing the palace would best serve the country as a museum
6. but clashes would erupt between him, Paul and Maria over style issues
7. thinking the Germans wouldn’t dig that deep to look for them

A-1; B-6; C-4; D-3; E-2; F-7

Pavlovsk Palace

Pavlovsk Palace near St Petersburg has a remarkable story. In its over 200 years of existence, it has been ravaged by fire, occupied by foreign troops and nearly completely destroyed. But its survival of World War II is perhaps the most interesting period in its history

The palace was built in the late 18th century on land that belonged to Catherine the Great. She had passed the land down to her son, Paul I, and his wife, Maria, upon the birth of their son, Alexander I of Russia. Scottish architect Charles Cameron, a lover of Greek and Roman architecture, was hired to design the palace. His relationship with Catherine the Great was quite close, but clashes would erupt between him, Paul and Maria over style issues.

The three ol them had competing interests tor the interiors, each one disliking the others’ tastes. Eventually the palace was finished, and after Catherine the Great’s passing, Paul I made it the official royal residence. His death in 1801 meant Alexander I would become emperor, and he designated the house as his mother Maria’s official residence.

The palace stayed in royal hands up until the Russian Revolution, when the royal family fled the country They left the palace to Alexander Polovotsoff, a prominent museum director, who fought to have it saved as a museum. His success meant that the palace survived, but it would be seized by the Germans years later and used for military purposes.

Just before its seizure, the museum staff hurried to save the art contained in the museum. Furniture was dismantled and shipped off, and large antiquities were stored in a basement and walled up.

Perhaps the cleverest trick involved the statues. They were too heavy to evacuate, so the staff buried them in the gardens. They sank them three metres into the ground, thinking the Germans wouldn’t dig that deep to look for them. They were right; after the occupation was over, the statues still remained.

Задание 9 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Indian food in the UK

The British have had a close relationship with Indian food for centuries. The colonial ties between India and the UK began in the early 1600s, A _______ .

In the late 1700s it wasn’t uncommon to see coffee houses serving curries alongside traditional British meals. The first dedicated Indian restaurant opened its doors in London in 1809, although it struggled due to peoples preferences to eat at home during that period. The owner ended up closing its doors after about three decades of service B _______ .

When Queen Victoria staffed her kitchen with Indian cooks, popularity for the cuisine really took off. Cookbooks taught British homemakers how С _______ .

There was then a cooling-off period tor this spicy fare. A revolt in India against British rule in 1857 meant curry wouldn’t be so fashionable for a while. In the years after that, its popularity would ebb and flow, and by the late 1800s, D _______ .

In the early 20th century, many people from the Indian subcontinent were migrating to Britain, and they bought up some of the run-down restaurants and transformed them into curry houses. Aware of peoples eating habits, Bangladeshi restaurateurs stayed open until late into the evening E ______ . Indian food was popular again.

Today, there are hundreds of Indian restaurants across the UK. Some dishes have been modified to a certain extent, such as British versions which introduce beef into the recipe, F ______ . Overall, the cuisine has become such a mainstay of the British diet that chicken tikka masala is referred to as a national dish.

1. French rather than Indian cooking was popular in British kitchens
2. an ingredient rarely used in India because many sub-cultures don’t allow it
3. due to some versions of Indian cuisine becoming popular for breakfast
4. due to the struggle of paying his bills while suffering from a lack of business
5. and the British soldiers in India craved the food when they returned home
6. to catch people when they were returning home from a night out
7. to make the most flavourful Indian dishes in their own homes

A-5; B-4; C-7; D-1; E-6; F-2

Indian food in the UK

The British have had a close relationship with Indian food for centuries. The colonial ties between India and the UK began in the early 1600s, and the British soldiers in India craved the food when they returned home.

In the late 1700s it wasn’t uncommon to see coffee houses serving curries alongside traditional British meals. The first dedicated Indian restaurant opened its doors in London in 1809, although it struggled due to peoples preferences to eat at home during that period. The owner ended up closing its doors after about three decades of service due to the struggle of paying his bills while suffering from a lack of business.

When Queen Victoria staffed her kitchen with Indian cooks, popularity for the cuisine really took off. Cookbooks taught British homemakers how to make the most flavourful Indian dishes in their own homes.

There was then a cooling-off period tor this spicy fare. A revolt in India against British rule in 1857 meant curry wouldn’t be so fashionable for a while. In the years after that, its popularity would ebb and flow, and by the late 1800s, French rather than Indian cooking was popular in British kitchens.

In the early 20th century, many people from the Indian subcontinent were migrating to Britain, and they bought up some of the run-down restaurants and transformed them into curry houses. Aware of peoples eating habits, Bangladeshi restaurateurs stayed open until late into the evening to catch people when they were returning home from a night out. Indian food was popular again.

Today, there are hundreds of Indian restaurants across the UK. Some dishes have been modified to a certain extent, such as British versions which introduce beef into the recipe, an ingredient rarely used in India because many sub-cultures don’t allow it. Overall, the cuisine has become such a mainstay of the British diet that chicken tikka masala is referred to as a national dish.

Задание 10 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

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Global financial crises

A global financial crisis affects people all over the world, but to very different degrees. Some people are lucky enough only to hear about it, while others are plunged into economic uncertainty, A _______ .

A crisis occasionally arises from sudden bad decisions, but the cause is usually a collection of bad policies operated over an extended period. The financial crisis of 2008 was a result of a loosening of rules among banks. Changes in those regulations began during the 1980s, В ______ financial transactions with little supervision.

The system of regulation became one of trust; it was up to the banks to behave wisely, and the governments would stay out of it. The regulation of banks was, in a sense, left up to the free market C ______ . It allowed for transactions to flow more freely, which did in fact help economies grow during the 1980s and 1990s.

When the financial markets first ran into trouble, large banking institutions failed altogether, D _______ . A small number of the worlds most wealthy people suffered greatly. But overall, the middle class and the poor suffered the worst of the crisis.

The 2010 Eurozone crisis is thought to be connected to the 2008 one. Governments that had borrowed enormous amounts to pay for problems caused two years earlier suddenly found themselves unable to support the debt. The Eurozone crisis was as severe as the one in 2008 E _______. More people would suffer as a result.

There is little that can be done to immediately fix a global financial crisis. Individuals can prepare for such an event by F _______ . Naturally, everyone must fight to make sure governments put sensible banking policies in place before problems occur.

1. keeping money in savings and making sure they stay out of debt
2. and many policymakers felt this would be sufficient
3. and added yet another layer of uncertainty to world financial markets
4. resulting in the loss of their job, home or livelihood
5. which many people had saved for a number of years
6. which caused a domino effect that spread around the world
7. a decade when governments decided to let banks carry out

A-4; B-7; C-2; D-6; E-3; F-1

Global financial crises

A global financial crisis affects people all over the world, but to very different degrees. Some people are lucky enough only to hear about it, while others are plunged into economic uncertainty, resulting in the loss of their job, home or livelihood.

A crisis occasionally arises from sudden bad decisions, but the cause is usually a collection of bad policies operated over an extended period. The financial crisis of 2008 was a result of a loosening of rules among banks. Changes in those regulations began during the 1980s, a decade when governments decided to let banks carry out financial transactions with little supervision.

The system of regulation became one of trust; it was up to the banks to behave wisely, and the governments would stay out of it. The regulation of banks was, in a sense, left up to the free market and many policymakers felt this would be sufficient. It allowed for transactions to flow more freely, which did in fact help economies grow during the 1980s and 1990s.

When the financial markets first ran into trouble, large banking institutions failed altogether, which caused a domino effect that spread around the world. A small number of the worlds most wealthy people suffered greatly. But overall, the middle class and the poor suffered the worst of the crisis.

The 2010 Eurozone crisis is thought to be connected to the 2008 one. Governments that had borrowed enormous amounts to pay for problems caused two years earlier suddenly found themselves unable to support the debt. The Eurozone crisis was as severe as the one in 2008 and added yet another layer of uncertainty to world financial markets. More people would suffer as a result.

There is little that can be done to immediately fix a global financial crisis. Individuals can prepare for such an event by keeping money in savings and making sure they stay out of debt. Naturally, everyone must fight to make sure governments put sensible banking policies in place before problems occur.

Задание 11 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

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Konstantin Melnikov

Early 20th century art movements made a sharp break from the artistic styles of the previous century One such movement gave us the term ‘avant-garde’, A _______ .

During this period in Russian culture, the architect Konstantin Melnikov established himself within the avant-garde movement. Born in Moscow in 1890, he started out as an icon painter. A chance meeting with famous engineer Vladimir M. Chaplin, who asked Melnikov to work for him, gave him his golden opportunity in life. Chaplin was so impressed with Melnikov’s abilities В _______ .

After twelve years of study, Melnikov began designing buildings in the neoclassical style before moving on to more contemporary work. He was selected to design the Soviet pavilion at the 1925 Paris Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Art. His pavilion was widely considered one of the most progressive buildings at the exposition. Constructed using the most efficient methods, С _______ .

In the late 1920s Melnikov designed a series of garages. A feature of the design allowed for slanted parking, in which a vehicle would pull in diagonally D _______ . The floors of the garage were shaped like a parallelogram and the exterior was given an avant-garde appearance.

Melnikov later designed a number of buildings used by workers’ unions. He included the use of overhangs, E _______ . This gave a building a very dramatic appearance that seemingly defied gravity.

Melnikov’s private residence has become one of his masterpieces. The property consists of two wide cylindrical towers which have been stuck together. The biggest room features 38 hexagonal shaped windows, F _______ .

1. which are structures that extend from higher floors out beyond the lower ones
2. and his style often did not conform to any precise rules of architecture
3. giving the house an unusual exterior appearance while allowing light to flood the interior
4. and then be able to leave the space by simply pulling out
5. which today is used to describe anything experimental and progressive
6. it was built in only four weeks by just ten workers
7. that he funded his education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture

A-5; B-7; C-6; D-4; E-1; F-3

Konstantin Melnikov

Early 20th century art movements made a sharp break from the artistic styles of the previous century One such movement gave us the term ‘avant-garde’, which today is used to describe anything experimental and progressive.

During this period in Russian culture, the architect Konstantin Melnikov established himself within the avant-garde movement. Born in Moscow in 1890, he started out as an icon painter. A chance meeting with famous engineer Vladimir M. Chaplin, who asked Melnikov to work for him, gave him his golden opportunity in life. Chaplin was so impressed with Melnikov’s abilities that he funded his education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

After twelve years of study, Melnikov began designing buildings in the neoclassical style before moving on to more contemporary work. He was selected to design the Soviet pavilion at the 1925 Paris Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Art. His pavilion was widely considered one of the most progressive buildings at the exposition. Constructed using the most efficient methods, it was built in only four weeks by just ten workers.

In the late 1920s Melnikov designed a series of garages. A feature of the design allowed for slanted parking, in which a vehicle would pull in diagonally and then be able to leave the space by simply pulling out. The floors of the garage were shaped like a parallelogram and the exterior was given an avant-garde appearance.

Melnikov later designed a number of buildings used by workers’ unions. He included the use of overhangs, which are structures that extend from higher floors out beyond the lower ones. This gave a building a very dramatic appearance that seemingly defied gravity.

Melnikov’s private residence has become one of his masterpieces. The property consists of two wide cylindrical towers which have been stuck together. The biggest room features 38 hexagonal shaped windows, giving the house an unusual exterior appearance while allowing light to flood the interior.

Задание 12 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

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Leaning Big Ben

Is Big Ben becoming the British version of the Leaning Tower of Pisa? Surveys of the famous UK landmark in recent years have proven what can barely be seen by the naked eye. Although it is far smaller than the Tower of Pisa’s tilt of almost four degrees, Big Ben is A _______ .

Officials in government seem to be brushing off concerns that the clock tower is in danger of collapsing. They may be right. Considering the tower in Pisa has been leaning for centuries and has yet to fall, В ________.

If anything, Big Bens ever-so-slight lean is a fascinating sight to see, if you can in fact notice it. An onlooker standing in Parliament Square looking head on at the tower might perceive an extremely minor lean to the left С _______ .

The government is not entirely unconcerned about the stability of the tower. However they state that, in light of extensive structural surveys of the building, no immediate risk is present, D ________.

The tower is leaning in part due to the construction of an underground railway line beneath the structure as well as a car park. In fact, though, many buildings, regardless of what structures are underneath, undergo changes as they age. Most old buildings have a few cracks in them, and E ________.

This isn’t the first structural issue the tower has encountered in its over 150-year life. In 1976, the weights that control the workings of the clock snapped off and fell down the clock shaft. The clock actually exploded inside F _______ . Luckily no one was hurt, as the accident happened at 4 am.

1. towards a faster, more economical way of repairing the tower
2. in fact, the Houses of Parliament are cracking a bit themselves
3. towards Bridge Street rather than towards the Houses of Parliament
4. and repairs took nearly nine months to be completed
5. meaning building reinforcements can wait until after the next elections
6. in fact leaning by about 0.26 degrees, according to reports
7. worrying about Big Ben’s immediate demise is likely to be a waste of energy

A-6; B-7; C-3; D-5; E-2; F-4

Leaning Big Ben

Is Big Ben becoming the British version of the Leaning Tower of Pisa? Surveys of the famous UK landmark in recent years have proven what can barely be seen by the naked eye. Although it is far smaller than the Tower of Pisa’s tilt of almost four degrees, Big Ben is in fact leaning by about 0.26 degrees, according to reports.

Officials in government seem to be brushing off concerns that the clock tower is in danger of collapsing. They may be right. Considering the tower in Pisa has been leaning for centuries and has yet to fall, worrying about Big Ben’s immediate demise is likely to be a waste of energy.

If anything, Big Bens ever-so-slight lean is a fascinating sight to see, if you can in fact notice it. An onlooker standing in Parliament Square looking head on at the tower might perceive an extremely minor lean to the left towards Bridge Street rather than towards the Houses of Parliament.

The government is not entirely unconcerned about the stability of the tower. However they state that, in light of extensive structural surveys of the building, no immediate risk is present, meaning building reinforcements can wait until after the next elections.

The tower is leaning in part due to the construction of an underground railway line beneath the structure as well as a car park. In fact, though, many buildings, regardless of what structures are underneath, undergo changes as they age. Most old buildings have a few cracks in them, and in fact, the Houses of Parliament are cracking a bit themselves.

This isn’t the first structural issue the tower has encountered in its over 150-year life. In 1976, the weights that control the workings of the clock snapped off and fell down the clock shaft. The clock actually exploded inside and repairs took nearly nine months to be completed. Luckily no one was hurt, as the accident happened at 4 am.

Задание 13 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Petrushka

Petrushka is a character from Russian folk puppetry. Traditionally dressed in red, with a red kolpak, or pointed hat, Petrushka was a humorous fellow A _______.

Petrushka first came to life, so to speak, sometime in the 18th century during Empress Anna Ioannovna’s reign. In the Empress’s court was a man named Pietro-Mira Pedrillo, of Italian descent, В ________. It was this man’s character and style that became the basis for Petrushka. In fact, the name Petrushka is a diminutive form of the name Pyotr (Peter, or Pietro in Italian).

In the beginning, Petrushka was intended for an adult audience. The plots of the puppet’s theatrical plays were about a variety of common, meaningful occurrences in a Russian’s life: a visit to a medical practitioner, learning military service, or a marriage ceremony, to name a few. The plots employed the use of interactive humour С ________.

Over time, puppet theatre moved away from adult-themed entertainment and towards children’s fare. Because of this, some of the long-running and less savoury characters had to be retired. Still, the humour of the shows was considered sharp-witted enough D ________.

An interesting aspect of Petrushka, as with other puppet shows, is his unusual voice, made to sound like a funny whistle, or kazoo. This would add a buzzing sound to the character’s speech, E ________. Mr Punch of Punch and Judy shows in the UK is one character with a similar voice.

Petrushka was famously made into a ballet in 1911 by Russian ballet composer Igor Stravinsky. The ballet tells a coming-to-life story of the puppet F ________.

1. to provide entertainment for both children and their parents
2. and follows his journeys as he discovers his thoughts and emotions
3. to force many puppeteers to seek alternative sources of income
4. who entertained the empress during leisurely afternoons
5. which could also be heard in famous puppet shows of other countries
6. whose persona was based on the personality of a court jester
7. which allowed the audience to participate in the various shows

A-6; B-4; C-7; D-1; E-5; F-2

Petrushka is a character from Russian folk puppetry. Traditionally dressed in red, with a red kolpak, or pointed hat, Petrushka was a humorous fellow whose persona was based on the personality of a court jester.

Petrushka first came to life, so to speak, sometime in the 18th century during Empress Anna Ioannovna’s reign. In the Empress’s court was a man named Pietro-Mira Pedrillo, of Italian descent, who entertained the empress during leisurely afternoons. It was this man’s character and style that became the basis for Petrushka. In fact, the name Petrushka is a diminutive form of the name Pyotr (Peter, or Pietro in Italian).

In the beginning, Petrushka was intended for an adult audience. The plots of the puppet’s theatrical plays were about a variety of common, meaningful occurrences in a Russian’s life: a visit to a medical practitioner, learning military service, or a marriage ceremony, to name a few. The plots employed the use of interactive humour which allowed the audience to participate in the various show.

Over time, puppet theatre moved away from adult-themed entertainment and towards children’s fare. Because of this, some of the long-running and less savoury characters had to be retired. Still, the humour of the shows was considered sharp-witted enough to provide entertainment for both children and their parents.

An interesting aspect of Petrushka, as with other puppet shows, is his unusual voice, made to sound like a funny whistle, or kazoo. This would add a buzzing sound to the character’s speech, which could also be heard in famous puppet shows of other countries. Mr Punch of Punch and Judy shows in the UK is one character with a similar voice.

Petrushka was famously made into a ballet in 1911 by Russian ballet composer Igor Stravinsky. The ballet tells a coming-to-life story of the puppet and follows his journeys as he discovers his thoughts and emotions.

Задание 14 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

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31 August 1997

I will never forget what I was doing when I heard about the death of Princess Diana. It was Sunday morning and A ________. I got up and made myself a cup of coffee. It was about ten past seven. At that time there is usually some farming news on the radio. On Sundays there are also religious programmes. I don’t usually listen to the radio early on Sunday mornings but I switched it on.
A woman in the studio was asking questions and a man was answering them by telephone. The man said: ‘We must think about the children at this tragic time.’ Tragic? What was he thinking about? B ________ and a few seconds later the woman said: ‘We have changed this morning’s programmes to bring you news of the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.’ I felt a terrible shock and C ________. That morning I telephoned about 25 people but D ________. We didn’t know what to do. Eventually my sister and I decided to go to Kensington Palace, where Diana lived.
E ________, there were about a thousand of people there. Some of them were putting flowers at the palace gates. Others were standing quietly in Kensington Gardens. A lot of people were crying and embracing each other. There were a lot of journalists and photographers. My sister was very angry F ________. ‘Go away!’ she shouted at one of them. ‘This is all your fault!’

1. when we arrived
2. I listen more careful
3. when she saw them
4. I couldn’t sleep
5. everyone was in deep shock
6. I was doing nothing
7. I couldn’t believe it

A-4; B-2; C-7; D-5; E-3; F-1

31 August 1997

I will never forget what I was doing when I heard about the death of Princess Diana. It was Sunday morning and I couldn’t sleep. I got up and made myself a cup of coffee. It was about ten past seven. At that time there is usually some farming news on the radio. On Sundays there are also religious programmes. I don’t usually listen to the radio early on Sunday mornings but I switched it on.
A woman in the studio was asking questions and a man was answering them by telephone. The man said: ‘We must think about the children at this tragic time.’ Tragic? What was he thinking about? I listen more careful and a few seconds later the woman said: ‘We have changed this morning’s programmes to bring you news of the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.’ I felt a terrible shock and I couldn’t believe it. That morning I telephoned about 25 people but everyone was in deep shock. We didn’t know what to do. Eventually my sister and I decided to go to Kensington Palace, where Diana lived.
When she saw them, there were about a thousand of people there. Some of them were putting flowers at the palace gates. Others were standing quietly in Kensington Gardens. A lot of people were crying and embracing each other. There were a lot of journalists and photographers. My sister was very angry when we arrived. ‘Go away!’ she shouted at one of them. ‘This is all your fault!’

Задание 15 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria in 1756. His father was a great violinist and composer. Wolfgang showed an interest in music from a very early age. Leonard encouraged him to learn the harpsichord and from the first day, A ________. His sister Maria Anna was also a fine musician. In 1765 Leopold took his two children on a performance tour of Munich and Vienna. Mozart soon became well-known in all Austria.
Everywhere, B ________. He could play the piano and violin as well as the harpsichord. At the age of 11 he was writing keyboard pieces, oratories, symphonies and operas. His first major work was performed in Milan in 1770, when he was still only 14. He was a great hero for young people, who whistled the tunes from The Marriage of Figaro, C ________.
The Archbishop of Salzburg heard about the young Mozart and invited him to be his orchestra Konzertmeister when he was still only fifteen. The world was at Mozart’s feet. He was writing a huge amount of music and D ________. He worked in Salzburg for nearly ten years but he didn’t like the archbishop. The composer was restless and needed a change.
In 1781 he left his post and moved to Vienna. He loved Vienna and E ________. Other composers asked him to teach them. His first opera, The Abduction from the Seraglio, was a hit. His fame spread.
In 1782 he met Constance Weber and asked her to marry him. Life wasn’t easy after their marriage. Mozart was a poor businessman, and he never had enough money. For the next ten years, his music was not always popular, and he became poorer and poorer. In 1788 he stopped performing in public but continued to compose. A nobleman asked him to compose a requiem. His financial problems were over but he was already a very sick man and he died F ________.
When he died in 1791 at the age of thirty-five, he was buried in a pauper’s grave.

1. was in great demand as a performer and a composer
2. before he could finish the piece
3. each piece of music was superb
4. the boy showed incredible talent
5. earning enough money to live well
6. people were astonished by his musical talent
7. when they walked down the streets

A-4; B-6; C-7; D-5; E-1; F-2

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria in 1756. His father was a great violinist and composer. Wolfgang showed an interest in music from a very early age. Leonard encouraged him to learn the harpsichord and from the first day, the boy showed incredible talent. His sister Maria Anna was also a fine musician. In 1765 Leopold took his two children on a performance tour of Munich and Vienna. Mozart soon became well-known in all Austria.
Everywhere, people were astonished by his musical talent. He could play the piano and violin as well as the harpsichord. At the age of 11 he was writing keyboard pieces, oratories, symphonies and operas. His first major work was performed in Milan in 1770, when he was still only 14. He was a great hero for young people, who whistled the tunes from The Marriage of Figaro, when they walked down the streets.
The Archbishop of Salzburg heard about the young Mozart and invited him to be his orchestra Konzertmeister when he was still only fifteen. The world was at Mozart’s feet. He was writing a huge amount of music and earning enough money to live well. He worked in Salzburg for nearly ten years but he didn’t like the archbishop. The composer was restless and needed a change.
In 1781 he left his post and moved to Vienna. He loved Vienna and was in great demand as a performer and a composer. Other composers asked him to teach them. His first opera, The Abduction from the Seraglio, was a hit. His fame spread.
In 1782 he met Constance Weber and asked her to marry him. Life wasn’t easy after their marriage. Mozart was a poor businessman, and he never had enough money. For the next ten years, his music was not always popular, and he became poorer and poorer. In 1788 he stopped performing in public but continued to compose. A nobleman asked him to compose a requiem. His financial problems were over but he was already a very sick man and he died before he could finish the piece.
When he died in 1791 at the age of thirty-five, he was buried in a pauper’s grave.

Задание 16 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

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Second Chance

The golfer put his ball on the tee. He looked at the flag, swung the club, and the ball flew into the air. But it fell short of green and landed ‘plop’ in a lake. Jim Reid smiled. ‘It’s a nice sound, isn’t it?’ he said. Jim likes going to golf courses. And why not? He has recently sold his company for $5 million A ________ and money to do exactly what he wants.
But it hasn’t always been so. Jim started out in Oklahoma, B ________ where he worked as a surveyor for Walt Disney World for ten years. In his free time he used to go scuba-diving, looking for treasure among the shipwrecks that had lain for centuries around the Florida coast. Then one day he had a go at diving in a different place and made a discovery C ________. When he went home that day, he talked the matter over with his wife, Beverley. It seemed like a crazy idea and Jim would have to give up his job but they decided to go for it.
‘It was a bit embarrassing at first when people asked me what I did for a living,’ says Jim, ‘D ________. Some of the places are over 15 metres deep. You’re down there in the dark for hours with the snakes E ________ ‘ Stepping on broken glass and sharp pieces of metal was a constant hazard and Jim was once struck by lightning while underwater. But the gamble paid off. In fact, the new venture was successful beyond their wildest dreams F ________ and Beverley were multi-millionares.

1. and it wasn’t easy to explain
2. and the eels and your imagination
3. and ten years later Jim
4. and then in 1971 he moved to Florida
5. and have made money unusual way
6. and now he has plenty of time
7. that was to change his life

A-6; B-4; C-7; D-1; E-2; F-3

Second Chance

The golfer put his ball on the tee. He looked at the flag, swung the club, and the ball flew into the air. But it fell short of green and landed ‘plop’ in a lake. Jim Reid smiled. ‘It’s a nice sound, isn’t it?’ he said. Jim likes going to golf courses. And why not? He has recently sold his company for $5 million and now he has plenty of time and money to do exactly what he wants.
But it hasn’t always been so. Jim started out in Oklahoma, and then in 1971 he moved to Florida where he worked as a surveyor for Walt Disney World for ten years. In his free time he used to go scuba-diving, looking for treasure among the shipwrecks that had lain for centuries around the Florida coast. Then one day he had a go at diving in a different place and made a discovery that was to change his life. When he went home that day, he talked the matter over with his wife, Beverley. It seemed like a crazy idea and Jim would have to give up his job but they decided to go for it.
‘It was a bit embarrassing at first when people asked me what I did for a living,’ says Jim, ‘and it wasn’t easy to explain. Some of the places are over 15 metres deep. You’re down there in the dark for hours with the snakes and the eels and your imagination‘ Stepping on broken glass and sharp pieces of metal was a constant hazard and Jim was once struck by lightning while underwater. But the gamble paid off. In fact, the new venture was successful beyond their wildest dreams and ten years later Jim and Beverley were multi-millionares.

Задание 17 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Barbie, the glamorous blonde doll beloved by little girls around the world, is A ________. She is also the most long-lived toy on the market, a fact that was celebrated throughout the world when she recently had her 40th birthday.
But in a tiny village in Bavaria there was no celebration, only bitterness and regret. In the Hausser home Rolf and Lily ignored the global celebrations B ________, as they have done so many times over the past four decades, about how badly they have been treated by history, or, to be more accurate, by Barbie’s secret history. Like many stars, Barbie is not what she seems. Not only is she older than her official age but Barbie is not her real name, what’s more, she isn’t even American, she’s German.
Barbie’s real name is in fact Lili. She is 45, not 40, and was born in a small town near Nuremberg. The secret story of the Barbie doll is about small-town naivety against big business determination. Above all, it is C ________, a man who has been erased from Barbie’s history so completely that only a few people in the world know that he was the true creator of the Barbie doll. But instead of making a fortune when she became a worldwide success, Rolf Hausser lost everything.
It was in 1952 that Lili was born, D ________, as a cartoon character for the daily German newspaper Bild Zeitung. Their cartoonist Beuthin had the idea of a girl who was sexy, E ________ with a snub nose and a face like an angel.
She was named Lili, and by 1955 she was so popular that Beuthin suggested that a doll should be made as a present for visitors to the newspaper. After many attempts to find the right toymaker, he finally found Rolf Hausser, the son of a famous toy manufacturer, who together with his brother Kurt had set up a very successful toy company called O&M Hausser. Rolf was fascinated by the idea of making a doll F ________, and he agreed to try.
Lili the doll went on the market on August 12, 1955, and became an overnight success.

1. in her first incarnation
2. pointed out the Lili doll
3. an icon of American femininity
4. but essentially innocent
5. and instead complained bitterly
6. with the shape and curves of a mature woman
7. a story of the tragedy of bitter old man

A-3; B-5; C-7; D-1; E-4; F-6

Barbie, the glamorous blonde doll beloved by little girls around the world, is an icon of American femininity. She is also the most long-lived toy on the market, a fact that was celebrated throughout the world when she recently had her 40th birthday.
But in a tiny village in Bavaria there was no celebration, only bitterness and regret. In the Hausser home Rolf and Lily ignored the global celebrations and instead complained bitterly, as they have done so many times over the past four decades, about how badly they have been treated by history, or, to be more accurate, by Barbie’s secret history. Like many stars, Barbie is not what she seems. Not only is she older than her official age but Barbie is not her real name, what’s more, she isn’t even American, she’s German.
Barbie’s real name is in fact Lili. She is 45, not 40, and was born in a small town near Nuremberg. The secret story of the Barbie doll is about small-town naivety against big business determination. Above all, it is a story of the tragedy of bitter old man, a man who has been erased from Barbie’s history so completely that only a few people in the world know that he was the true creator of the Barbie doll. But instead of making a fortune when she became a worldwide success, Rolf Hausser lost everything.
It was in 1952 that Lili was born, in her first incarnation, as a cartoon character for the daily German newspaper Bild Zeitung. Their cartoonist Beuthin had the idea of a girl who was sexy, but essentially innocent with a snub nose and a face like an angel.
She was named Lili, and by 1955 she was so popular that Beuthin suggested that a doll should be made as a present for visitors to the newspaper. After many attempts to find the right toymaker, he finally found Rolf Hausser, the son of a famous toy manufacturer, who together with his brother Kurt had set up a very successful toy company called O&M Hausser. Rolf was fascinated by the idea of making a doll with the shape and curves of a mature woman, and he agreed to try.
Lili the doll went on the market on August 12, 1955, and became an overnight success.

Задание 18 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Why they came.

Major changes in the pattern of immigration have been caused by wars, revolutions, periods of starvation, persecutions, religious intoleration, and in short, by any number of disasters A ________ America was a better place to be. More than a million Irish, for instance, immigrated to America between 1846 and 1851 in order to escape starvation and disease in Ireland. B ________, large number of other Europeans fled political persecution. In the 1870-s another wave of refugees left the political turmoil of eastern and southern Europe to seek freedom and a future in America. The largest streams of European immigrants came between 1900 and 1920, that is before, after and during World War I. At other times, for example, C ________, smaller numbers of immigrants came to the US. Since the 1960-s more and more people have fled the poverty and wars in Asia and Latin America in the hope of finding a better life in the United States.
There is, of course, D ________ and racial variety, one that Americans, more than other people, are aware of. The first slaves brought to what is today the United States arrived in Virginia on a board of a Dutch ship in 1619. On the eve of the American Revolution E ________ what was shortly to be the United States of America. In 1776 probably about a fifth of all inhabitants in the British colonies in America were Negro slaves.
Between 1777 and 1804 all states in the new republic north of Maryland abolished slavery. However, neither the North nor the South would escape the grave social, economic, political and moral problems F ________. Although the Civil War (1861-1865) brought the end to slavery in all of the states, discrimination against Blacks would continue.

1. during the Depression and during World War II
2. that are the heritage of slavery
3. which led to believe that
4. are not welcomed by all Americans
5. another side to American’s ethnic pluralism
6. during the same period of time
7. slavery was already firmly established in

A-3; B-6; C-1; D-5; E-7; F-2

Why they came.

Major changes in the pattern of immigration have been caused by wars, revolutions, periods of starvation, persecutions, religious intoleration, and in short, by any number of disasters which led to believe that America was a better place to be. More than a million Irish, for instance, immigrated to America between 1846 and 1851 in order to escape starvation and disease in Ireland. During the same period of time, large number of other Europeans fled political persecution. In the 1870-s another wave of refugees left the political turmoil of eastern and southern Europe to seek freedom and a future in America. The largest streams of European immigrants came between 1900 and 1920, that is before, after and during World War I. At other times, for example, during the Depression and during World War II, smaller numbers of immigrants came to the US. Since the 1960-s more and more people have fled the poverty and wars in Asia and Latin America in the hope of finding a better life in the United States.
There is, of course, another side to American’s ethnic pluralism and racial variety, one that Americans, more than other people, are aware of. The first slaves brought to what is today the United States arrived in Virginia on a board of a Dutch ship in 1619. On the eve of the American Revolution slavery was already firmly established in what was shortly to be the United States of America. In 1776 probably about a fifth of all inhabitants in the British colonies in America were Negro slaves.
Between 1777 and 1804 all states in the new republic north of Maryland abolished slavery. However, neither the North nor the South would escape the grave social, economic, political and moral problems that are the heritage of slavery. Although the Civil War (1861-1865) brought the end to slavery in all of the states, discrimination against Blacks would continue.

Задание 19 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

We arrived at Gatwick at 11.15 and made our way to the check-in desk. A ________ we had some free time, so everyone went to the arcade, ate at Burger King or looked around the shops. The flight was quiet and almost all of us played games.
Not many of us had been to Rome and so we saw a very different environment from the one we live in. The houses were yellow, there were terracotta tiles on the floor outside the cafes and the most common transport was the moped. We got to our hotel, sorted out our rooms unpacked and went out to dinner. The pasta was exquisite!
Lovely sunshine and comfortable temperatures were the norm and very nice it all was too, B ________ — but then we were warm and dry in the coach, C ________. The weather was important as most of our visits were to Roman remains.
The real Roman bit started with the trips round the Forum, Palatine Hill and the Colosseum D ________. On our way back to our hotel we were given a guided tour to the Church of San Clemente.
E ________ took us back to the level of Nero’s Rome with its streets, alleys and the best preserved temple to Mithras in the world.
We spent time in Ostia, the port of Rome. During the 3rd century ВС the town was primarily used as a naval base and played an important part in various wars. The remains of the town itself are in excellent condition, F ________.
Everything we had learned about or seen in pictures suddenly came to life. We hadn’t been there before but we felt that we knew it.

1. reaching down 50 metres below the modern street
2. considering that it was on at least one occasion partially destroyed by pirates
3. which would have made the group gasp in awe
4. after we had confirmed everything
5. where the cruel world of Roman entertainment was mixed with the amazing technology below stage
6. so it didn’t matter
7. except for the coach drive from Rome to Sorrento

A-4; B-7; C-6; D-5; E-1; F-2

We arrived at Gatwick at 11.15 and made our way to the check-in desk. After we had confirmed everything we had some free time, so everyone went to the arcade, ate at Burger King or looked around the shops. The flight was quiet and almost all of us played games.
Not many of us had been to Rome and so we saw a very different environment from the one we live in. The houses were yellow, there were terracotta tiles on the floor outside the cafes and the most common transport was the moped. We got to our hotel, sorted out our rooms unpacked and went out to dinner. The pasta was exquisite!
Lovely sunshine and comfortable temperatures were the norm and very nice it all was too, except for the coach drive from Rome to Sorrento — but then we were warm and dry in the coach, so it didn’t matter. The weather was important as most of our visits were to Roman remains.
The real Roman bit started with the trips round the Forum, Palatine Hill and the Colosseum where the cruel world of Roman entertainment was mixed with the amazing technology below stage. On our way back to our hotel we were given a guided tour to the Church of San Clemente.
Reaching down 50 metres below the modern street took us back to the level of Nero’s Rome with its streets, alleys and the best preserved temple to Mithras in the world.
We spent time in Ostia, the port of Rome. During the 3rd century ВС the town was primarily used as a naval base and played an important part in various wars. The remains of the town itself are in excellent condition, considering that it was on at least one occasion partially destroyed by pirates.
Everything we had learned about or seen in pictures suddenly came to life. We hadn’t been there before but we felt that we knew it.

Задание 20 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

As the world’s fifth most widely spoken language and A ________ speaking Russian is a skill with huge rewards. Around half a billion people speak Russian worldwide, and while speaking to them is one of the best forms of practice, there are plenty of courses to help you on your way B ________. Some Moscow institutes have language courses but the process takes time.
The Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship has a long tradition of teaching Russian to foreigners. The university has two programs C ________, focusing on the core skills of vocabulary, grammar, writing, reading, listening and speaking. Depending on the student’s level D ________ with an exam at the end.

The certificate can be used to help to apply for Russian citizenship. Moscow State University has a Russian language centre. The centre has English, French and German speaking teachers but the lessons E ________. Courses can range in length from one week to a year, and students can obtain a certificate at the end. The centre also offers different programs focusing on business, law and other specialties. The university also offers lodging in a Russian family F ________.

1. are held mainly in Russian
2. to increase exposure to the language
3. the birthplace of some of history’s greatest writers
4. to reading some Tolstoy in the original
5. six academic hours a day
6. to take you to the next level
7. it takes 36 hours or 72 hours

A-3; B-4; C-6; D-7; E-1; F-2

As the world’s fifth most widely spoken language and the birthplace of some of history’s greatest writers speaking Russian is a skill with huge rewards. Around half a billion people speak Russian worldwide, and while speaking to them is one of the best forms of practice, there are plenty of courses to help you on your way to reading some Tolstoy in the original. Some Moscow institutes have language courses but the process takes time.
The Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship has a long tradition of teaching Russian to foreigners. The university has two programs to take you to the next level, focusing on the core skills of vocabulary, grammar, writing, reading, listening and speaking. Depending on the student’s level it takes 36 hours or 72 hours with an exam at the end.

The certificate can be used to help to apply for Russian citizenship. Moscow State University has a Russian language centre. The centre has English, French and German speaking teachers but the lessons are held mainly in Russian. Courses can range in length from one week to a year, and students can obtain a certificate at the end. The centre also offers different programs focusing on business, law and other specialties. The university also offers lodging in a Russian family to increase exposure to the language.

Задание 21 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Second-hand clothes were popular in the 1990-s, when A ________ with counterfeit and cheap gear from Europe and the US. And B ________ there are still plenty of bargains to snap up.

While the old saying goes that clothes absorb their owner’s spirit, it is best to check that nothing else has got on them too. Second-hand clothes coming from abroad have to be disinfected in special cleaning factories C ________.

Some shops combine economical bargains with well-known brands and new stock and famous labels. The prices are set by our trading specialist. They may vary from 10 roubles for T-shirts to 5000 roubles ($180) for American vintage army coats, depending on the brand, D ________.

Refunds and returns are not given in thrift stores, E ________ how many times an item was worn. It is best to check the product carefully for any holes or stains and ensure it fits before paying.

To get the best bargains ahead of the crowds it is also useful to know F ________. New stock usually comes in once a week but for some stores it is only once a month.

1. before passing through customs
2. despite a decline in popularity
3. the market was flooded
4. while fashion comes and goes
5. what day new goods arrive
6. as it is not possible to prove
7. quality and the state of the thing

A-3; B-2; C-1; D-7; E-6; F-5

Second-hand clothes were popular in the 1990-s, when the market was flooded with counterfeit and cheap gear from Europe and the US. And despite a decline in popularity there are still plenty of bargains to snap up.

While the old saying goes that clothes absorb their owner’s spirit, it is best to check that nothing else has got on them too. Second-hand clothes coming from abroad have to be disinfected in special cleaning factories before passing through customs.

Some shops combine economical bargains with well-known brands and new stock and famous labels. The prices are set by our trading specialist. They may vary from 10 roubles for T-shirts to 5000 roubles ($180) for American vintage army coats, depending on the brand, quality and the state of the thing.

Refunds and returns are not given in thrift stores, as it is not possible to prove how many times an item was worn. It is best to check the product carefully for any holes or stains and ensure it fits before paying.

To get the best bargains ahead of the crowds it is also useful to know what day new goods arrive. New stock usually comes in once a week but for some stores it is only once a month.

Задание 22 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Attics in the capital are mostly rented out as commercial sites by different firms or shops, while in the United States and Europe A ________. But the young loft apartment market is on the march, particularly among well-off Moscovites.

Despite the industrial facade loft apartments are in some of the trendiest areas. Lofts are usually located in former factories and warehouses – and developers tend to stick to an industrially minimalist design. Brick walls with no plaster, wooden floors and very high ceilings are complemented with large windows B ________.

Classic lofts are apartments converted from industrial premises like factories, C ________.

When lofts first appeared in the US and Europe in the early 20th century they were snapped up on the cheap by artists and sculptors D ________. The vast space allowed them to put everything they needed for creativity there and work in the comfort of the apartment.

Now they are used not only as apartments but also for creative space. In Moscow there are plenty of contemporary art centres in attics. The most popular loft location in the capital is the former chocolate factory, Krasny Oktyabr. In 2009 the factory E ________ with showrooms, art galleries, design bureaus, nightclubs and restaurants. The area is now one of the trendiest locations in town, and it is easy F ________.

1. but the style of the site is kept unchanged
2. allowing lots of light to enter the apartment
3. was converted into a creative cluster
4. to spend a day walking round all the features
5. being popular with innovative commercial firms
6. due to the low cost of renovation and rental
7. they are often used for offices and apartments

A-7; B-2; C-1; D-6; E-3; F-4

Attics in the capital are mostly rented out as commercial sites by different firms or shops, while in the United States and Europe they are often used for offices and apartments. But the young loft apartment market is on the march, particularly among well-off Moscovites.

Despite the industrial facade loft apartments are in some of the trendiest areas. Lofts are usually located in former factories and warehouses – and developers tend to stick to an industrially minimalist design. Brick walls with no plaster, wooden floors and very high ceilings are complemented with large windows allowing lots of light to enter the apartment.

Classic lofts are apartments converted from industrial premises like factories, but the style of the site is kept unchanged.

When lofts first appeared in the US and Europe in the early 20th century they were snapped up on the cheap by artists and sculptors due to the low cost of renovation and rental. The vast space allowed them to put everything they needed for creativity there and work in the comfort of the apartment.

Now they are used not only as apartments but also for creative space. In Moscow there are plenty of contemporary art centres in attics. The most popular loft location in the capital is the former chocolate factory, Krasny Oktyabr. In 2009 the factory was converted into a creative cluster with showrooms, art galleries, design bureaus, nightclubs and restaurants. The area is now one of the trendiest locations in town, and it is easy to spend a day walking round all the features.

Задание 23 на текст и пропущенные части

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

текстответ

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. It is the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Like Jupiter, Uranu and Neptune, it is a gas giant.

The inside of Saturn is probably a core of iron, nickel, silicon and oxygen compounds, A ________, then a layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium and finally, an outer gaseous layer.

Saturn has 62 known moons orbiting the planet; B ________. The largest moon is Titan, which is larger in volume than the planet Mercury. Titan is the second-largest moon in the Solar System.

Also around Saturn there is a very large system of rings, made of ice C ________. Saturn is about 1400 000 000 km from the Sun. It revolves or orbits around the Sun once every 29.4 Earth years, or once every 10,755.7 Earth days. Saturn travels D ________ of 21,637 miles per hour or 34,821 kilometers per hour in its orbit around the Sun.

Saturn’s atmosphere E ________ to form oval shaped clouds, similar to the clearer spots seen in Jupiter. These oval spots are cyclonic storms, the same as cyclones seen on Earth. In 1990 the Hubble Space Telescopes found a very large white cloud near Saturn’s equator. Storms like the one in 1990 were known as Great White Spots. These unique storms only exist for a short time and only F ________ , at the time of the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere.

1. happen about every 30 Earth years
2. surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen
3. 53 are officially named
4. are some of the fastest in the Solar System
5. at an average speed
6. with smaller amounts of rocks and dust
7. is also known

A-2; B-3; C-6; D-5; E-7; F-1

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. It is the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Like Jupiter, Uranu and Neptune, it is a gas giant.

The inside of Saturn is probably a core of iron, nickel, silicon and oxygen compounds, surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen, then a layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium and finally, an outer gaseous layer.

Saturn has 62 known moons orbiting the planet; 53 are officially named. The largest moon is Titan, which is larger in volume than the planet Mercury. Titan is the second-largest moon in the Solar System.

Also around Saturn there is a very large system of rings, made of ice with smaller amounts of rocks and dust. Saturn is about 1400 000 000 km from the Sun. It revolves or orbits around the Sun once every 29.4 Earth years, or once every 10,755.7 Earth days. Saturn travels at an average speed of 21,637 miles per hour or 34,821 kilometers per hour in its orbit around the Sun.

Saturn’s atmosphere is also known to form oval shaped clouds, similar to the clearer spots seen in Jupiter. These oval spots are cyclonic storms, the same as cyclones seen on Earth. In 1990 the Hubble Space Telescopes found a very large white cloud near Saturn’s equator. Storms like the one in 1990 were known as Great White Spots. These unique storms only exist for a short time and only happen about every 30 Earth years , at the time of the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere.