Текст и пропущенные слова

На этой странице находится тренировочные тесты на лексику и грамматику (лексико-грамматическая часть ЕГЭ по английскому языку). В данной части вам необходимо из ряда слов выбрать одно, подходящее к контексту.

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Задание 2 >>
Задание 3 >>
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Задание 1 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Chess champion

Arthur was a chess champion who was so far undefeated in any tournament he’d entered. He was also someone his entire country could take great HOPE / STRENGTH / FAITH / PRIDE in, as he had been much talked about in the press as a chess genius.

His next tournament was unlike any other he had faced. With much reservation, he had finally decided to AGREE / ACCEPT / ADMIT / APPROACH a match where his opponent was a computer. Although Arthur had a reputation for beating his opponents quickly, he knew this time would be different.

Arthur wouldn’t be the first chess player to do battle with a computer. There was Garry Kasparov, who competed AGAINST / OVER / AROUND / ASIDE the computer Deep Blue in 1996. He ultimately won that tournament, but lost a year later.

Arthur had not lost a single tournament yet, so to choose to battle a computer could be a big mistake. But, considering he had SEEN / TAKEN / WON / MADE off so many human competitors, Arthur imagined it was about TIME / HOUR / MOMENT / POINT he turned up the pressure.

The day of the tournament came, and Arthur suffered huge disappointment. He lost both matches that day, which upset him greatly, and he almost felt like throwing in the RAG / CLOTH / TOWEL / SHIRT and not finishing the rest of the tournament.

Rather than be a SAD / BAD / POOR / ILL loser, however, Arthur got back out there the next day. He lost three matches, but won the very last one. Although this victory was bittersweet, Arthur was happy that he’d won at least one match.

Chess champion

Arthur was a chess champion who was so far undefeated in any tournament he’d entered. He was also someone his entire country could take great PRIDE in, as he had been much talked about in the press as a chess genius.

His next tournament was unlike any other he had faced. With much reservation, he had finally decided to ACCEPT a match where his opponent was a computer. Although Arthur had a reputation for beating his opponents quickly, he knew this time would be different.

Arthur wouldn’t be the first chess player to do battle with a computer. There was Garry Kasparov, who competed AGAINST the computer Deep Blue in 1996. He ultimately won that tournament, but lost a year later.

Arthur had not lost a single tournament yet, so to choose to battle a computer could be a big mistake. But, considering he had SEEN off so many human competitors, Arthur imagined it was about TIME he turned up the pressure.

The day of the tournament came, and Arthur suffered huge disappointment. He lost both matches that day, which upset him greatly, and he almost felt like throwing in the TOWEL and not finishing the rest of the tournament.

Rather than be a BAD loser, however, Arthur got back out there the next day. He lost three matches, but won the very last one. Although this victory was bittersweet, Arthur was happy that he’d won at least one match.

Задание 2 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

A medical question

Raymond left in the morning for his job at a research lab. He had been working in the lab for six months and felt he had really settled IN / ON / OUT / TO.

His colleagues were a great bunch of guys and everyone got on well. Hed had fears before he began his job that some of his co-workers might be too uptight and MAKE / TAKE / Do / HAVE their work too seriously.

One day, they held a study which involved a new heart medication. A group of individuals had
volunteered for the study and they arrived to get ready. Raymond and one of his colleagues, Miranda, were responsible TO / WITH / FOR / IN doing a few tests before the study started.

They first asked the volunteers a ROW / COLUMN / SEQUENCE / SERIES of questions about their medical history. One question asked if they had any metal parts inside their bodies. Regardless of how they answered, Raymond had to ask all the volunteers to walk through metal detectors. Three volunteers TRIGGERED / PROMPTED / GENERATED / PRODUCED the machine’s alarm, but one man who set it off DEMANDED / INSISTED / REQUIRED / ENFORCED that he had no metal in his body.

Miranda pulled Raymond to one side and said, ‘I can see something in his hair that’s used to cover up the thinning. You know, spray-on hair? Well, that stuff is basically tiny flecks of metal and glue. The man doesn’t want to tell us that because he’s embarrassed, I’m sure!’

The two of them had to work out a way of RISING / RAISING / LIFTING / PUSHING the issue without upsetting the volunteer.

A medical question

Raymond left in the morning for his job at a research lab. He had been working in the lab for six months and felt he had really settled IN.

His colleagues were a great bunch of guys and everyone got on well. Hed had fears before he began his job that some of his co-workers might be too uptight and TAKE their work too seriously.

One day, they held a study which involved a new heart medication. A group of individuals had
volunteered for the study and they arrived to get ready. Raymond and one of his colleagues, Miranda, were responsible FOR doing a few tests before the study started.

They first asked the volunteers a SERIES of questions about their medical history. One question asked if they had any metal parts inside their bodies. Regardless of how they answered, Raymond had to ask all the volunteers to walk through metal detectors. Three volunteers TRIGGERED the machine’s alarm, but one man who set it off INSISTED that he had no metal in his body.

Miranda pulled Raymond to one side and said, ‘I can see something in his hair that’s used to cover up the thinning. You know, spray-on hair? Well, that stuff is basically tiny flecks of metal and glue. The man doesn’t want to tell us that because he’s embarrassed, I’m sure!’

The two of them had to work out a way of RAISING the issue without upsetting the volunteer.

Задание 3 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

The young violinist

Gillian’s parents were both musicians, her dad a singer and her mum a violinist. She had realised from a young age that she hadn’t inherited her dad’s voice, but she had quite a talent FOR / TO / IN / OF playing instruments.

So, when Gillian was seven years old, her mum arranged for her to take violin lessons. The teacher was astonished at how skilful Gillian was. ‘In ANY / SOME / MOST / ALL probability, she will be a huge star one day,’ her teacher remarked.

By age 11, Gillian was performing in her town’s orchestra and became a featured soloist by age 14. She PUT / SPENT / DEVOTED / OFFERED so much time and effort to her violin studies that her parents felt she wasn’t studying enough. ‘I hate to BREAK / SHARE / SPREAD / TELL the bad news to you, but you’re going to have to read more and play less,’ her mum told her.

Gillian, a high-achieving student at school, felt discouraged BY / TOWARDS / ABOUT / OVER this news. She loved to play the violin more than anything in the world.

Because of this, she found herself in quite a dilemma. Should she abandon her lifetime OBJECTIVE / ABITION / DESIRE / SPIRIT to perform onstage, or should she hold onto it and just let her school marks be above average, rather than excellent?

As much as she felt she had a responsibility to her studies, she chose the latter. She TOOK / ENTERED / ARRIVED / CAME at this decision by telling herself that being an above-average student was something to be very proud of, but being a professional violinist was a dream come true.

The young violinist

Gillian’s parents were both musicians, her dad a singer and her mum a violinist. She had realised from a young age that she hadn’t inherited her dad’s voice, but she had quite a talent FOR playing instruments.

So, when Gillian was seven years old, her mum arranged for her to take violin lessons. The teacher was astonished at how skilful Gillian was. ‘In ALL probability, she will be a huge star one day,’ her teacher remarked.

By age 11, Gillian was performing in her town’s orchestra and became a featured soloist by age 14. She DEVOTED so much time and effort to her violin studies that her parents felt she wasn’t studying enough. ‘I hate to BREAK the bad news to you, but you’re going to have to read more and play less,’ her mum told her.

Gillian, a high-achieving student at school, felt discouraged BY this news. She loved to play the violin more than anything in the world.

Because of this, she found herself in quite a dilemma. Should she abandon her lifetime ABITION to perform onstage, or should she hold onto it and just let her school marks be above average, rather than excellent?

As much as she felt she had a responsibility to her studies, she chose the latter. She ARRIVED at this decision by telling herself that being an above-average student was something to be very proud of, but being a professional violinist was a dream come true.

Задание 4 на текст и пропущенные слова

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Alistair’s challenge

Alistair had an exciting weekend ahead of him, as the annual bog snorkelling competition – snorkelling along a muddy ditch in the ground – was taking EVENT / PART / PLACE / ACTION just down the road from his hometown in Wales. He had his snorkelling gear ready to go and was hoping to BREAK / CRUSH / SPLIT / ERASE his record of snorkelling 55 metres in 2 minutes 12 seconds.

It wasn’t the world record, but it was Alistair’s best time. He had competed in the competition every year for the past five years. It had become an obsession of his; you would have to be rather obsessive to LIVE / GO / CONTINUE / ENDURE the conditions. Bogs are not known for their crystal clear, debris-free waters, and Alistair had got bits of stray plants stuck in his mouth on occasion.

But it was a local tradition and it gave Alistair a great sense of pride to compete. Wales had some ofthe best bogs in the world, and as any dedicated bog snorkeller would say, they’re meant for swimming! Even the local press COVERED / WRAPPED / COATED / ENVELOPED the story.

The competition had grown over the years, and there were now about 200 participants. Although
Alistair would love to win a race, there would be some SEVERE / STIFF / HARD / DIFFICULT competition. There were people who took it more seriously than Alistair.

On the day of the event, Alistair TOSSED / CAST / THREW / FLUNG his eyes over the other entrants, looking to see who he thought he could beat. Yes, he was friendly with the crowd, but he was a true competitor OF / IN / AT / BY heart.

Alistair’s challenge

Alistair had an exciting weekend ahead of him, as the annual bog snorkelling competition – snorkelling along a muddy ditch in the ground – was taking PLACE just down the road from his hometown in Wales. He had his snorkelling gear ready to go and was hoping to BREAK his record of snorkelling 55 metres in 2 minutes 12 seconds.

It wasn’t the world record, but it was Alistair’s best time. He had competed in the competition every year for the past five years. It had become an obsession of his; you would have to be rather obsessive to ENDURE the conditions. Bogs are not known for their crystal clear, debris-free waters, and Alistair had got bits of stray plants stuck in his mouth on occasion.

But it was a local tradition and it gave Alistair a great sense of pride to compete. Wales had some ofthe best bogs in the world, and as any dedicated bog snorkeller would say, they’re meant for swimming! Even the local press COVERED the story.

The competition had grown over the years, and there were now about 200 participants. Although
Alistair would love to win a race, there would be some STIFF competition. There were people who took it more seriously than Alistair.

On the day of the event, Alistair CAST his eyes over the other entrants, looking to see who he thought he could beat. Yes, he was friendly with the crowd, but he was a true competitor AT heart.

Задание 5 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Computer problems

David’s mum Frieda was useless when it came to fixing computer problems. It was in part because she didn’t know how programs operated or how to REVISE / AFFECT / MOVE / ADJUST the settings, but it was also because she didn’t want to know. It simply wasn’t of interest to her.

So whenever something went wrong, it was David to the rescue. He’d always ask what she had done to it, but the response was always the same: ‘I have no idea. It’s just stopped working.’ David would have to ENROL / EMBARK / ENLIST / ENTER upon a mission to work out what was the matter.

It rarely took David long to solve the problem. He was a computer WHIZ / STAR / LEGEND / ICON who could take a computer apart and put it back together again. But he was going off to university soon, and what would his mum do then?

‘I suppose I’ll just call someone,’ she said when David brought UP / FORWARD / OUT / ROUND the topic in conversation. His mum managed a plant nursery and didn’t need computers to run her shop, although it was nice for recording the details of her business STUFF / CONTACTS / PERSONNEL / LINKS.

She knew the basics of computers, which satisfied her needs. She had DONE / GONE / GROWN / TAKEN accustomed to placing orders online, but when the computer froze up, so did David’s mum. She would just pull out her old-fashioned address book and call suppliers directly. As long as she could rely on a method that was tried and CHECKED / PROVEN / KNOWN / TESTED, computer problems were of little concern.

Computer problems

David’s mum Frieda was useless when it came to fixing computer problems. It was in part because she didn’t know how programs operated or how to ADJUST the settings, but it was also because she didn’t want to know. It simply wasn’t of interest to her.

So whenever something went wrong, it was David to the rescue. He’d always ask what she had done to it, but the response was always the same: ‘I have no idea. It’s just stopped working.’ David would have to EMBARK upon a mission to work out what was the matter.

It rarely took David long to solve the problem. He was a computer WHIZ who could take a computer apart and put it back together again. But he was going off to university soon, and what would his mum do then?

‘I suppose I’ll just call someone,’ she said when David brought UP the topic in conversation. His mum managed a plant nursery and didn’t need computers to run her shop, although it was nice for recording the details of her business CONTACTS.

She knew the basics of computers, which satisfied her needs. She had GROWN accustomed to placing orders online, but when the computer froze up, so did David’s mum. She would just pull out her old-fashioned address book and call suppliers directly. As long as she could rely on a method that was tried and TESTED, computer problems were of little concern.

Задание 6 на текст и пропущенные слова

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Old photos

Carrie and her mum were looking at old photos of her mum as a university student. Her mums style was so different then, Carrie almost didn’t REMIND / RECALL / RECOGNISE / REMEMBER her in the photos.

‘I can’t believe how long your hair is in the picture, Mum!’ Carrie remarked, having never seen her mum with that length of hair before. ‘It must have been difficult to look THROUGH / ROUND / OVER / AFTER it every day.’

Carrie’s mum smiled at her remarks. ‘It was definitely a chore, but that was the style back then, to have really long, straight hair SPLIT / PARTED / DIVIDED / HALVED down the middle. If you didn’t wear your hair like that, you weren’t considered to be cool, know what I mean?’

‘Oh yeah, like, groovy, Mum,’ Carrie said, lightly poking fun AT / OF / IN / WITH her. Joking aside. Carrie really appreciated seeing her mum with such a youthful style.

They found some photos of Carrie’s dad, who looked quite different as well, dressed in green trousers that got wider as they got longer. He was sporting a full head of hair, rather than having the BALD / THIN / BARE / FLAT head that Carrie knew.

‘Dad was so handsome back then!’ Carrie exclaimed. Despite the odd styles, Carrie thought her parents looked amazing and she was inspired FROM / BY / TO / INTO this to be more daring with her own style.

After viewing the photos, Carrie thought she’d FUND / FINANCE / PAY / INVEST some time in picking out a new wardrobe. She wasn’t going to let her conservative ways stop her.

Old photos

Carrie and her mum were looking at old photos of her mum as a university student. Her mums style was so different then, Carrie almost didn’t RECOGNISE her in the photos.

‘I can’t believe how long your hair is in the picture, Mum!’ Carrie remarked, having never seen her mum with that length of hair before. ‘It must have been difficult to look AFTER it every day.’

Carrie’s mum smiled at her remarks. ‘It was definitely a chore, but that was the style back then, to have really long, straight hair PARTED down the middle. If you didn’t wear your hair like that, you weren’t considered to be cool, know what I mean?’

‘Oh yeah, like, groovy, Mum,’ Carrie said, lightly poking fun AT her. Joking aside. Carrie really appreciated seeing her mum with such a youthful style.

They found some photos of Carrie’s dad, who looked quite different as well, dressed in green trousers that got wider as they got longer. He was sporting a full head of hair, rather than having the BALD head that Carrie knew.

‘Dad was so handsome back then!’ Carrie exclaimed. Despite the odd styles, Carrie thought her parents looked amazing and she was inspired BY this to be more daring with her own style.

After viewing the photos, Carrie thought she’d INVEST some time in picking out a new wardrobe. She wasn’t going to let her conservative ways stop her.

Задание 7 на текст и пропущенные слова

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Fausto

It had been Faustos dream to live in the UK since he had visited as a child and fallen in love with it. It was so different from his LOCAL / NATURAL / NATIVE / ORIGINAL country of Portugal, and he liked British culture and the way people spoke English. When the opportunity to study there came up, he RAN / JUMPED / HOPPED / SKIPPED at the chance.

The day had finally come to meet his host family. Having just arrived at Heathrow airport, Fausto was excited to meet them, although he was also a bit apprehensive. But he was on an adventure, and that was to be enjoyed ACROSS / BEYOND / OVER / ABOVE all. He knew a few things about the family. The father, Donald Hines, worked as a computer MAKER / PROGRAMMER / CREATOR / INVENTOR , which Fausto thought was really cool, and the mother, Diane, worked as a nurse in the emergency care centre of a hospital. The couple had one son, Martin, who was the same age as Fausto.

Although he had been studying English for years, Fausto wasn’t very good at speaking the language. He had trouble PRONOUNCING / ANNOUNCING / VOICING / TALKING certain words and spoke rather slowly. His reading and writing skills were excellent though, and he understood spoken English perfectly. He hoped his lack of speaking skills wouldn’t interfere TOWARDS / ABOUT / WITH / IN his communication for long.

As he exited the flight terminal, he saw Diane waiting for him with the rest of the family. She greeted him with open arms and gave him a big hug, which helped to STROKE / STOP / CALM / SILENCE Fausto’s nerves a lot!

Fausto

It had been Faustos dream to live in the UK since he had visited as a child and fallen in love with it. It was so different from his NATIVE country of Portugal, and he liked British culture and the way people spoke English. When the opportunity to study there came up, he JUMPED at the chance.

The day had finally come to meet his host family. Having just arrived at Heathrow airport, Fausto was excited to meet them, although he was also a bit apprehensive. But he was on an adventure, and that was to be enjoyed ABOVE all. He knew a few things about the family. The father, Donald Hines, worked as a computer PROGRAMMER, which Fausto thought was really cool, and the mother, Diane, worked as a nurse in the emergency care centre of a hospital. The couple had one son, Martin, who was the same age as Fausto.

Although he had been studying English for years, Fausto wasn’t very good at speaking the language. He had trouble PRONOUNCING certain words and spoke rather slowly. His reading and writing skills were excellent though, and he understood spoken English perfectly. He hoped his lack of speaking skills wouldn’t interfere WITH his communication for long.

As he exited the flight terminal, he saw Diane waiting for him with the rest of the family. She greeted him with open arms and gave him a big hug, which helped to CALM Fausto’s nerves a lot!

Задание 8 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Childhood memories

I was told my father was killed in the war. Whenever I questioned my mother about his death, she didn’t TALK / SPEAK / TELL / SAY any more than that he had been killed fighting on the Western Front only days before the peace treaty with Germany was signed. Grandma said my dad had been a brave man, and once when we were SINGLE / ONLY / LONELY / ALONE in the house she showed me his medals. My grandpa rarely OFFERED / PROPOSED / REQUESTED / INVITED an opinion on anything, but then he was hard of hearing so he might not have heard the question in the first place.
The only man I can RECOVER / REPEAT / REMEMBER / REMIND was my uncle Stan who used to sit at the top of the table at breakfast time. When he left in the morning, I USED / KEPT / HELD / MADE to follow him to the city docks where he worked. Every day I spent at the dockyard was an adventure. Cargo ships came from distant lands and unloaded their wares: rice, sugar, bananas and many other things I’d never heard of. Once the holds had been emptied, the dockers would load them with salt, tin, STILL / EVEN / JUST / YET coal (my least favourite because it was an obvious clue to what I’ve been doing all day and annoyed my mother), before they set off again. I always wanted to help my uncle Stan unload WHATEVER / WHEREVER / WHENEVER / WHOEVER ship had docked that morning but he just laughed, saying “All in good time, my lad.” It couldn’t be soon enough for me.

Childhood memories

I was told my father was killed in the war. Whenever I questioned my mother about his death, she didn’t SAY any more than that he had been killed fighting on the Western Front only days before the peace treaty with Germany was signed. Grandma said my dad had been a brave man, and once when we were ALONE in the house she showed me his medals. My grandpa rarely OFFERED an opinion on anything, but then he was hard of hearing so he might not have heard the question in the first place.
The only man I can REMEMBER was my uncle Stan who used to sit at the top of the table at breakfast time. When he left in the morning, I USED to follow him to the city docks where he worked. Every day I spent at the dockyard was an adventure. Cargo ships came from distant lands and unloaded their wares: rice, sugar, bananas and many other things I’d never heard of. Once the holds had been emptied, the dockers would load them with salt, tin, EVEN coal (my least favourite because it was an obvious clue to what I’ve been doing all day and annoyed my mother), before they set off again. I always wanted to help my uncle Stan unload WHATEVER ship had docked that morning but he just laughed, saying “All in good time, my lad.” It couldn’t be soon enough for me.

Задание 9 на текст и пропущенные слова

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The price of fame

Charlotte Church looks like a normal teenager but she is far from average. She has an amazing voice. Her fans stand in queues for hours to get tickets for her concerts and she is often on television. Charlotte’s singing profession / job / labour / career began when she performed on a TV show at the age of 11. The head of record company was so impressed by her voice that he signed / wrote / made / picked her up on the spot. Her first album rose to number one in the charts.
Charlotte still attends school in her home town when she can. Although / While / For / However, she is often away on tour for weeks at a time. She doesn’t miss out on lessons, though, because she takes her own tutor with her! She spends three hours every morning with him. Her exam results in all the titles / materials / subjects / lessons she studies are impressive.
But how does she cope / adjust / bear / tolerate with this unusual way of life? She denies / refuses / insists / complains that she has the same friends as before. That way be true but she can no longer go into town with them because everybody stops her in the street to ask for her autograph. It seems that, like most stars, she must learn to look down on / make do with / put up with / run out of these restrictions and the lack of privacy. It’s the price of fame!

The price of fame

Charlotte Church looks like a normal teenager but she is far from average. She has an amazing voice. Her fans stand in queues for hours to get tickets for her concerts and she is often on television. Charlotte’s singing career began when she performed on a TV show at the age of 11. The head of record company was so impressed by her voice that he signed her up on the spot. Her first album rose to number one in the charts.
Charlotte still attends school in her home town when she can. However, she is often away on tour for weeks at a time. She doesn’t miss out on lessons, though, because she takes her own tutor with her! She spends three hours every morning with him. Her exam results in all the subjects she studies are impressive.
But how does she cope with this unusual way of life? She insists that she has the same friends as before. That may be true but she can no longer go into town with them because everybody stops her in the street to ask for her autograph. It seems that, like most stars, she must learn to put up with these restrictions and the lack of privacy. It’s the price of fame!

Задание 10 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

E-mail

E-mail is electronic mail, a kind / method / system / opportunity of sending messages via a computer to other users. It’s a wonderful new way of communicating! E-mail is cheaper than normal mail and even if you send your message abroad / away / aside / alive it only costs the same as a local telephone call. This is because your message
goes to computer called a mail server and then it is traffic / translated / transmitted / transferred across the Net via other mail servers to its destination.
E-mail is also much quicker and can arrive at most destinations in a minute. In fact, ordinary mail is so slow by comparison that Net users call it ‘snail mail’.
With e-mail you also have to know someone’s address and everyone on the Net has their own people / personal / individual / men’s e-mail address. An e-mail address has two main sections: the user’s name and the domain name. The user’s name is usually the name or nickname of the person using e-mail, for example ‘Paul’. This is followed / gone / set / got by the symbol @ which means ‘at’. Then there is the domain name which gives information about the computer, for example ‘home’, the type of scope / form / organisation / way , for example ‘com’, means a commercial and its location. So a complete e-mail address might look something like this: Paul@home.com.uk.
E-mail addresses can be difficult / easy / simple / complicated so write them down carefully. Then you will have the address at the top of their message and you can just press ‘reply’.

E-mail

E-mail is electronic mail, a method of sending messages via a computer to other users. It’s a wonderful new way of communicating! E-mail is cheaper than normal mail and even if you send your message abroad it only costs the same as a local telephone call. This is because your message goes to computer called a mail server and then it is transferred across the Net via other mail servers to its destination.
E-mail is also much quicker and can arrive at most destinations in a minute. In fact, ordinary mail is so slow by comparison that Net users call it ‘snail mail’.
With e-mail you also have to know someone’s address and everyone on the Net has their own personal e-mail address. An e-mail address has two main sections: the user’s name and the domain name. The user’s name is usually the name or nickname of the person using e-mail, for example ‘Paul’. This is followed by the symbol @ which means ‘at’. Then there is the domain name which gives information about the computer, for example ‘home’, the type of organisation , for example ‘com’, means a commercial and its location. So a complete e-mail address might look something like this: Paul@home.com.uk.
E-mail addresses can be complicated so write them down carefully. Then you will have the address at the top of their message and you can just press ‘reply’.