Текст и пропущенные слова

На этой странице находится тренировочные тесты на лексику и грамматику (лексико-грамматическая часть ЕГЭ по английскому языку). В данной части вам необходимо для каждого пропуска выбрать правильное слово-вставку

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Задание 1 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Chess champion

Arthur was a chess champion who was so far undefeated in any tournament he’d entered. He was also someone his entire country could take great ( HOPE / STRENGTH / FAITH / PRIDE ) in, as he had been much talked about in the press as a chess genius.

His next tournament was unlike any other he had faced. With much reservation, he had finally decided to ( AGREE / ACCEPT / ADMIT / APPROACH ) a match where his opponent was a computer. Although Arthur had a reputation for beating his opponents quickly, he knew this time would be different.

Arthur wouldn’t be the first chess player to do battle with a computer. There was Garry Kasparov, who competed ( AGAINST / OVER / AROUND / ASIDE ) the computer Deep Blue in 1996. He ultimately won that tournament,
but lost a year later.

Arthur had not lost a single tournament yet, so to choose to battle a computer could be a big mistake. But, considering he had ( SEEN / TAKEN / WON / MADE ) off so many human competitors, Arthur imagined it was about ( TIME / HOUR / MOMENT / POINT ) he turned up the pressure.

The day of the tournament came, and Arthur suffered huge disappointment. He lost both matches that day, which upset him greatly, and he almost felt like throwing in the ( RAG / CLOTH / TOWEL / SHIRT ) and not finishing the rest of the tournament.

Rather than be a ( SAD / BAD / POOR / ILL ) loser, however, Arthur got back out there the next day. He lost three matches, but won the very last one. Although this victory was bittersweet, Arthur was happy that he’d won at least one match.

Chess champion

Arthur was a chess champion who was so far undefeated in any tournament he’d entered. He was also someone his entire country could take great PRIDE in, as he had been much talked about in the press as a chess genius.

His next tournament was unlike any other he had faced. With much reservation, he had finally decided to ACCEPT a match where his opponent was a computer. Although Arthur had a reputation for beating his opponents quickly, he knew this time would be different.

Arthur wouldn’t be the first chess player to do battle with a computer. There was Garry Kasparov, who competed AGAINST the computer Deep Blue in 1996. He ultimately won that tournament, but lost a year later.

Arthur had not lost a single tournament yet, so to choose to battle a computer could be a big mistake. But, considering he had SEEN off so many human competitors, Arthur imagined it was about TIME he turned up the pressure.

The day of the tournament came, and Arthur suffered huge disappointment. He lost both matches that day, which upset him greatly, and he almost felt like throwing in the TOWEL and not finishing the rest of the tournament.

Rather than be a BAD loser, however, Arthur got back out there the next day. He lost three matches, but won the very last one. Although this victory was bittersweet, Arthur was happy that he’d won at least one match.

Задание 2 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

A medical question

Raymond left in the morning for his job at a research lab. He had been working in the lab for six months and felt he had really settled ( IN / ON / OUT / TO).

His colleagues were a great bunch of guys and everyone got on well. Hed had fears before he began his job that some of his co-workers might be too uptight and ( MAKE / TAKE / Do / HAVE) their work too seriously.

One day, they held a study which involved a new heart medication. A group of individuals had
volunteered for the study and they arrived to get ready. Raymond and one of his colleagues, Miranda, were responsible ( TO / WITH / FOR / IN ) doing a few tests before the study started.

They first asked the volunteers a ( ROW / COLUMN / SEQUENCE / SERIES ) of questions about their medical history. One question asked if they had any metal parts inside their bodies. Regardless of how they answered, Raymond had to ask all the volunteers to walk through metal detectors. Three volunteers ( TRIGGERED / PROMPTED / GENERATED / PRODUCED ) the machine’s alarm, but one man who set it off ( DEMANDED / INSISTED / REQUIRED / ENFORCED ) that he had no metal in his body.

Miranda pulled Raymond to one side and said, ‘I can see something in his hair that’s used to cover up the thinning. You know, spray-on hair? Well, that stuff is basically tiny flecks of metal and glue. The man doesn’t want to tell us that because he’s embarrassed, I’m sure!’

The two of them had to work out a way of ( RISING / RAISING / LIFTING / PUSHING ) the issue without upsetting the volunteer.

A medical question

Raymond left in the morning for his job at a research lab. He had been working in the lab for six months and felt he had really settled IN.

His colleagues were a great bunch of guys and everyone got on well. Hed had fears before he began his job that some of his co-workers might be too uptight and TAKE their work too seriously.

One day, they held a study which involved a new heart medication. A group of individuals had
volunteered for the study and they arrived to get ready. Raymond and one of his colleagues, Miranda, were responsible FOR doing a few tests before the study started.

They first asked the volunteers a SERIES of questions about their medical history. One question asked if they had any metal parts inside their bodies. Regardless of how they answered, Raymond had to ask all the volunteers to walk through metal detectors. Three volunteers TRIGGERED the machine’s alarm, but one man who set it off INSISTED that he had no metal in his body.

Miranda pulled Raymond to one side and said, ‘I can see something in his hair that’s used to cover up the thinning. You know, spray-on hair? Well, that stuff is basically tiny flecks of metal and glue. The man doesn’t want to tell us that because he’s embarrassed, I’m sure!’

The two of them had to work out a way of RAISING the issue without upsetting the volunteer.

Задание 3 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

The young violinist

Gillian’s parents were both musicians, her dad a singer and her mum a violinist. She had realised from a young age that she hadn’t inherited her dad’s voice, but she had quite a talent ( FOR / TO / IN / OF ) playing instruments.

So, when Gillian was seven years old, her mum arranged for her to take violin lessons. The teacher was astonished at how skilful Gillian was. ‘In ( ANY / SOME / MOST / ALL ) probability, she will be a huge star one day,’ her teacher remarked.

By age 11, Gillian was performing in her town’s orchestra and became a featured soloist by age 14. She ( PUT / SPENT / DEVOTED / OFFERED ) so much time and effort to her violin studies that her parents felt she wasn’t studying enough. ‘I hate to ( BREAK / SHARE / SPREAD / TELL ) the bad news to you, but you’re going to have to read more and play less,’ her mum told her.

Gillian, a high-achieving student at school, felt discouraged ( BY / TOWARDS / ABOUT / OVER ) this news. She loved to play the violin more than anything in the world.

Because of this, she found herself in quite a dilemma. Should she abandon her lifetime ( OBJECTIVE / ABITION / DESIRE / SPIRIT ) to perform onstage, or should she hold onto it and just let her school marks be above average, rather than excellent?

As much as she felt she had a responsibility to her studies, she chose the latter. She ( TOOK / ENTERED / ARRIVED / CAME ) at this decision by telling herself that being an above-average student was something to be very proud of, but being a professional violinist was a dream come true.

The young violinist

Gillian’s parents were both musicians, her dad a singer and her mum a violinist. She had realised from a young age that she hadn’t inherited her dad’s voice, but she had quite a talent FOR playing instruments.

So, when Gillian was seven years old, her mum arranged for her to take violin lessons. The teacher was astonished at how skilful Gillian was. ‘In ALL probability, she will be a huge star one day,’ her teacher remarked.

By age 11, Gillian was performing in her town’s orchestra and became a featured soloist by age 14. She DEVOTED so much time and effort to her violin studies that her parents felt she wasn’t studying enough. ‘I hate to BREAK the bad news to you, but you’re going to have to read more and play less,’ her mum told her.

Gillian, a high-achieving student at school, felt discouraged BY this news. She loved to play the violin more than anything in the world.

Because of this, she found herself in quite a dilemma. Should she abandon her lifetime ABITION to perform onstage, or should she hold onto it and just let her school marks be above average, rather than excellent?

As much as she felt she had a responsibility to her studies, she chose the latter. She ARRIVED at this decision by telling herself that being an above-average student was something to be very proud of, but being a professional violinist was a dream come true.

Задание 4 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Alistair’s challenge

Alistair had an exciting weekend ahead of him, as the annual bog snorkelling competition – snorkelling along a muddy ditch in the ground – was taking ( EVENT / PART / PLACE / ACTION ) just down the road from his hometown in Wales. He had his snorkelling gear ready to go and was hoping to ( BREAK / CRUSH / SPLIT / ERASE ) his record of snorkelling 55 metres in 2 minutes 12 seconds.

It wasn’t the world record, but it was Alistair’s best time. He had competed in the competition every year for the past five years. It had become an obsession of his; you would have to be rather obsessive to ( LIVE / GO / CONTINUE / ENDURE ) the conditions. Bogs are not known for their crystal clear, debris-free waters, and Alistair had got bits of stray plants stuck in his mouth on occasion.

But it was a local tradition and it gave Alistair a great sense of pride to compete. Wales had some ofthe best bogs in the world, and as any dedicated bog snorkeller would say, they’re meant for swimming! Even the local press ( COVERED / WRAPPED / COATED / ENVELOPED ) the story.

The competition had grown over the years, and there were now about 200 participants. Although
Alistair would love to win a race, there would be some ( SEVERE / STIFF / HARD / DIFFICULT ) competition. There were people who took it more seriously than Alistair.

On the day of the event, Alistair ( TOSSED / CAST / THREW / FLUNG ) his eyes over the other entrants, looking to see who he thought he could beat. Yes, he was friendly with the crowd, but he was a true competitor ( OF / IN / AT / BY ) heart.

Alistair’s challenge

Alistair had an exciting weekend ahead of him, as the annual bog snorkelling competition – snorkelling along a muddy ditch in the ground – was taking PLACE just down the road from his hometown in Wales. He had his snorkelling gear ready to go and was hoping to BREAK his record of snorkelling 55 metres in 2 minutes 12 seconds.

It wasn’t the world record, but it was Alistair’s best time. He had competed in the competition every year for the past five years. It had become an obsession of his; you would have to be rather obsessive to ENDURE the conditions. Bogs are not known for their crystal clear, debris-free waters, and Alistair had got bits of stray plants stuck in his mouth on occasion.

But it was a local tradition and it gave Alistair a great sense of pride to compete. Wales had some ofthe best bogs in the world, and as any dedicated bog snorkeller would say, they’re meant for swimming! Even the local press COVERED the story.

The competition had grown over the years, and there were now about 200 participants. Although
Alistair would love to win a race, there would be some STIFF competition. There were people who took it more seriously than Alistair.

On the day of the event, Alistair CAST his eyes over the other entrants, looking to see who he thought he could beat. Yes, he was friendly with the crowd, but he was a true competitor AT heart.

Задание 5 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Computer problems

David’s mum Frieda was useless when it came to fixing computer problems. It was in part because she didn’t know how programs operated or how to ( REVISE / AFFECT / MOVE / ADJUST ) the settings, but it was also because she didn’t want to know. It simply wasn’t of interest to her.

So whenever something went wrong, it was David to the rescue. He’d always ask what she had done to it, but the response was always the same: ‘I have no idea. It’s just stopped working.’ David would have to ( ENROL / EMBARK / ENLIST / ENTER ) upon a mission to work out what was the matter.

It rarely took David long to solve the problem. He was a computer ( WHIZ / STAR / LEGEND / ICON ) who could take a computer apart and put it back together again. But he was going off to university soon, and what would his mum do then?

‘I suppose I’ll just call someone,’ she said when David brought ( UP / FORWARD / OUT / ROUND ) the topic in conversation. His mum managed a plant nursery and didn’t need computers to run her shop, although it was nice for recording the details of her business ( STUFF / CONTACTS / PERSONNEL / LINKS ).

She knew the basics of computers, which satisfied her needs. She had ( DONE / GONE / GROWN / TAKEN ) accustomed to placing orders online, but when the computer froze up, so did David’s mum. She would just pull out her old-fashioned address book and call suppliers directly. As long as she could rely on a method that was tried and ( CHECKED / PROVEN / KNOWN / TESTED ), computer problems were of little concern.

Computer problems

David’s mum Frieda was useless when it came to fixing computer problems. It was in part because she didn’t know how programs operated or how to ADJUST the settings, but it was also because she didn’t want to know. It simply wasn’t of interest to her.

So whenever something went wrong, it was David to the rescue. He’d always ask what she had done to it, but the response was always the same: ‘I have no idea. It’s just stopped working.’ David would have to EMBARK upon a mission to work out what was the matter.

It rarely took David long to solve the problem. He was a computer WHIZ who could take a computer apart and put it back together again. But he was going off to university soon, and what would his mum do then?

‘I suppose I’ll just call someone,’ she said when David brought UP the topic in conversation. His mum managed a plant nursery and didn’t need computers to run her shop, although it was nice for recording the details of her business CONTACTS.

She knew the basics of computers, which satisfied her needs. She had GROWN accustomed to placing orders online, but when the computer froze up, so did David’s mum. She would just pull out her old-fashioned address book and call suppliers directly. As long as she could rely on a method that was tried and TESTED, computer problems were of little concern.

Задание 6 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Old photos

Carrie and her mum were looking at old photos of her mum as a university student. Her mums style was so different then, Carrie almost didn’t ( REMIND / RECALL / RECOGNISE / REMEMBER ) her in the photos.

‘I can’t believe how long your hair is in the picture, Mum!’ Carrie remarked, having never seen her mum with that length of hair before. ‘It must have been difficult to look ( THROUGH / ROUND / OVER / AFTER ) it every day.’

Carrie’s mum smiled at her remarks. ‘It was definitely a chore, but that was the style back then, to have really long, straight hair ( SPLIT / PARTED / DIVIDED / HALVED ) down the middle. If you didn’t wear your hair like that, you weren’t considered to be cool, know what I mean?’

‘Oh yeah, like, groovy, Mum,’ Carrie said, lightly poking fun ( AT / OF / IN / WITH ) her. Joking aside. Carrie really appreciated seeing her mum with such a youthful style.

They found some photos of Carrie’s dad, who looked quite different as well, dressed in green trousers that got wider as they got longer. He was sporting a full head of hair, rather than having the ( BALD / THIN / BARE / FLAT ) head that Carrie knew.

‘Dad was so handsome back then!’ Carrie exclaimed. Despite the odd styles, Carrie thought her parents looked amazing and she was inspired ( FROM / BY / TO / INTO ) this to be more daring with her own style.

After viewing the photos, Carrie thought she’d ( FUND / FINANCE / PAY / INVEST ) some time in picking out a new wardrobe. She wasn’t going to let her conservative ways stop her.

Old photos

Carrie and her mum were looking at old photos of her mum as a university student. Her mums style was so different then, Carrie almost didn’t RECOGNISE her in the photos.

‘I can’t believe how long your hair is in the picture, Mum!’ Carrie remarked, having never seen her mum with that length of hair before. ‘It must have been difficult to look AFTER it every day.’

Carrie’s mum smiled at her remarks. ‘It was definitely a chore, but that was the style back then, to have really long, straight hair PARTED down the middle. If you didn’t wear your hair like that, you weren’t considered to be cool, know what I mean?’

‘Oh yeah, like, groovy, Mum,’ Carrie said, lightly poking fun AT her. Joking aside. Carrie really appreciated seeing her mum with such a youthful style.

They found some photos of Carrie’s dad, who looked quite different as well, dressed in green trousers that got wider as they got longer. He was sporting a full head of hair, rather than having the BALD head that Carrie knew.

‘Dad was so handsome back then!’ Carrie exclaimed. Despite the odd styles, Carrie thought her parents looked amazing and she was inspired BY this to be more daring with her own style.

After viewing the photos, Carrie thought she’d INVEST some time in picking out a new wardrobe. She wasn’t going to let her conservative ways stop her.

Задание 7 на текст и пропущенные слова

ЗаданиеОтвет

Fausto

It had been Faustos dream to live in the UK since he had visited as a child and fallen in love with it. It was so different from his ( LOCAL / NATURAL / NATIVE / ORIGINAL ) country of Portugal, and he liked British culture and the way people spoke English. When the opportunity to study there came up, he ( RAN / JUMPED / HOPPED / SKIPPED ) at the chance.

The day had finally come to meet his host family. Having just arrived at Heathrow airport, Fausto was excited to meet them, although he was also a bit apprehensive. But he was on an adventure, and that was to be enjoyed ( ACROSS / BEYOND / OVER / ABOVE ) all. He knew a few things about the family. The father, Donald Hines, worked as a computer ( MAKER / PROGRAMMER / CREATOR / INVENTOR ) , which Fausto thought was really cool, and the mother, Diane, worked as a nurse in the emergency care centre of a hospital. The couple had one son, Martin, who was the same age as Fausto.

Although he had been studying English for years, Fausto wasn’t very good at speaking the language. He had trouble ( PRONOUNCING / ANNOUNCING / VOICING / TALKING ) certain words and spoke rather slowly. His reading and writing skills were excellent though, and he understood spoken English perfectly. He hoped his lack of speaking skills wouldn’t interfere ( TOWARDS / ABOUT / WITH / IN ) his communication for long.

As he exited the flight terminal, he saw Diane waiting for him with the rest of the family. She greeted him with open arms and gave him a big hug, which helped to ( STROKE / STOP / CALM / SILENCE ) Fausto’s nerves a lot!

Fausto

It had been Faustos dream to live in the UK since he had visited as a child and fallen in love with it. It was so different from his NATIVE country of Portugal, and he liked British culture and the way people spoke English. When the opportunity to study there came up, he JUMPED at the chance.

The day had finally come to meet his host family. Having just arrived at Heathrow airport, Fausto was excited to meet them, although he was also a bit apprehensive. But he was on an adventure, and that was to be enjoyed ABOVE all. He knew a few things about the family. The father, Donald Hines, worked as a computer PROGRAMMER, which Fausto thought was really cool, and the mother, Diane, worked as a nurse in the emergency care centre of a hospital. The couple had one son, Martin, who was the same age as Fausto.

Although he had been studying English for years, Fausto wasn’t very good at speaking the language. He had trouble PRONOUNCING certain words and spoke rather slowly. His reading and writing skills were excellent though, and he understood spoken English perfectly. He hoped his lack of speaking skills wouldn’t interfere WITH his communication for long.

As he exited the flight terminal, he saw Diane waiting for him with the rest of the family. She greeted him with open arms and gave him a big hug, which helped to CALM Fausto’s nerves a lot!