ОГЭ по английскому, пробный тест 1

Если вы интересуетесь экзаменом под названием ОГЭ по английскому языку, т.е. основным государственным экзаменом для выпускников 9-х классов, то, возможно, захотите попробовать свои силы и пройти пробный тест. Мы предлагаем вам контрольные материалы для оценки навыков аудирования, чтения, а также употребления в речи лексики и грамматики. Ответы даны сразу после заданий под спойлерами.

АУДИРОВАНИЕ

TASK 1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога (А, В, С, D). Определите, где происходит каждый из этих диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

Play Аудирование, задание 1

1. In a tourist information centre
2. In a theatre
3. In a newsagents
4. At a train station
5. At a sports centre

ОТВЕТ

TASK 2

Вы услышите пять высказываний (A, B, C, D, E). Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.

Play Аудирование, задание 2

1. The speaker talks about how its easy to get music.
2. The speaker explains that he/she has a future in music.
3. The speaker talks about the complete lack of good music.
4. The speaker describes something that will probably disappear.
5. The speaker explains when and where he/she likes to hear music.
6. The speaker describes two different styles of music.

ОТВЕТ

TASK 3

Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 1-6 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Play Аудирование, задание 3

1. Last Saturday, Greg’s team

1) had a great game.
2) were not able to play.
3) did not do very well.

2. Greg had wanted to go to a Carlton United game with

1) Denise.
2) Denises friends.
3) the players in his team.

3. Greg will get a ticket

1) from Denises friend.
2) from his dad.
3) on his own.

4. Denise is travelling to the match

1) in her sister’s car.
2) in her dads car.
3) with Harry and Paula.

5. They’re leaving at two o’clock to

1) get there early.
2) arrive on time.
3) pick up friends.

6. Greg’s mother

1) might drive him to Denise’s house.
2) will definitely drive him to Denise’s house.
3) can’t drive him to Denise’s house.

ОТВЕТ

ЧТЕНИЕ

TASK 1

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами A-G и заголовками 1-8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. The inhabitants of Bath
2. Tourism in Bath
3. Bath’s architecture
4. Climate in Bath
5. Location in the UK
6. The geography of Bath
7. Culture and the arts
8. Bath’s ancient history

A
Bath is a world famous city known for its thermal baths, which are a major tourist attraction. The city is situated in the southwest of England, near the country’s west coast and about 150 kilometres from London. Bath is in the area of England that is known as Somerset, a county bordered on the north by the Bristol Channel.

B
The baths for which Bath is known were built around the year 60. It was the Romans who established the city as a spa. They did so about 20 years after they arrived in England. They constructed the baths, along with a temple, on a hillside near hot springs. Over the next 300 years, structures would be added to the baths, making them grander.

C
Over the years, Bath slowly became an important city. Wealthy people began moving there in the 1500s. In 1767, construction began on the Royal Crescent, a group of buildings that form a semicircle and look out onto a park. The buildings were constructed in the Georgian style. Afterward, more buildings were built in the same style, giving Bath the character it has today.

D
Bath is situated in the Avon Valley. The city is built on and surrounded by hills, which have a maximum height of 238 metres. The valley, which is about 18 metres above sea level, runs through the city centre. Ihe River Avon runs through this area, and because it is a low-lying area, the city sometimes suffers from floods during rainy seasons.

E
Presently, there are just over 80,000 people living in the city itself. The greater region of Bath, which includes nearby parts of Somerset, has a total population of around 160,000. The majority of people living in Bath are of English birth, with just under 3% of people being from places outside the UK. A resident of Bath is known as a Bathonian.

F
As it is located in the southwest of England, Bath generally has winters that are warmer than other parts of the country. Its summers are usually cool and rainy, and the temperature doesn’t go much over 20°Celsius. Average rainfall is 700 millimetres, which is spread out evenly throughout the seasons. Its windiest period is in the winter, while summers tend to have light breezes.

G
The city of Bath has five theatres, and performances are put on by both national and international companies. There are also important concerts that take place in Bath, as well as literature and film festivals. One such festival decides who in Bath is that years greatest poet, singer or storyteller. These various events attract thousands of people to the city.

ОТВЕТ

TASK 2

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 1-8 соответствуют содержанию текста (True), какие не соответствуют (False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (Not stated).

In the autumn of 1900, a team of Greek sponge divers were returning from the coast of Africa. A dangerous storm started, which forced them to take shelter near the small Greek island of Antikythera. While the crew waited for the storm to pass, the captain of the boat sent one of his divers to search the seabed for sponges.
The diver, Elias Stadiatis, discovered the remains of a 2,000-year-old shipwreck at the bottom of the sea, 60 metres below. When he returned to the surface, he was so excited about what he’d found that the captain thought he had been affected by too much carbon dioxide. But when the captain himself went down to take a look, he saw that his crewman really had found ancient treasures. He immediately told the Greek authorities, and the sponge divers, with the assistance of the Greek navy, began to recover the wonderful things.
In the following months, using only very basic diving equipment, the divers managed to bring to the surface an amazing number of ancient artefacts, including bronze and marble statues, delicate glassware and gold jewellery. All of this had remained undisturbed for nearly two thousand years. The operation only stopped because conditions became too dangerous to continue.
One of the items that was discovered was a piece of bronze. It was in such poor condition that no one was sure what it was. One archaeologist suggested that it was some kind of clockwork mechanism, but no one believed him and it was put away for storage in a museum. It was nearly fifty years before anyone else took any interest in the item.
In 1951, a British scientist called Derek Price began to investigate the item. He discovered that it contained a complex gear mechanism and suggested that it was used to make calculations about the position of planets. It is regarded as the world’s first example of an analog computer. Today, it is world famous, and is known as ‘the Antikythera mechanism’. Before the discovery of this mechanism, it was believed that no complex clockwork machines had been invented until the 14th century. Scientists continue to investigate just how it was used.
The site of the shipwreck continues to fascinate modern archaeologists, who are keen to make further diving expeditions in the area. But diving in dangerous waters at depths of between sixty and seventy metres is expensive and difficult, so there have been only a few expeditions over the last hundred years or so. If it’s difficult now, just think how much harder it was for a team of Greek divers over a hundred years ago.

1. The storm made the divers stop while on their way back to Africa.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

2. Elias Stadiatis was the best diver on the boat.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

3. Sailors helped the sponge divers collect the treasures.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

4. Some of the divers were injured while diving.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

5. One of the discoveries from the shipwreck was ignored for many years.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

6. The mechanism changed ideas about the history of clockwork machines.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

7. Scientists have stopped studying the Antikythera mechanism.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

8. No one has explored the shipwreck site for about a century.

1) True
2) False
3) Not stated

ОТВЕТ

ЛЕКСИКА-ГРАММАТИКА

TASK 1

Преобразуйте слова таким образом, чтобы они грамматически и по смыслу подходили к контексту.

Amy was clothes shopping. She was trying on new outfits when her mobile phone suddenly (RING).

It was her friend Adam. He wanted to know if she needed any help (STUDY) for their history test.

‘Yes, please!’ said Amy. ‘I (DO) badly in the last test, so I really want to impress Mrs Sanders this time.’

They arranged to meet at Adams house at seven o’clock. ‘I can’t find my history notes, so remember to bring (YOU),’ said Adam.

At eight o’clock, Amy still (NOT ARRIVE). Adam was not happy.

‘I can’t wait any (LONG) he thought to himself. ‘I’ll have to get the notes from someone else.’

He was just about to call his friend Tom when he heard a couple of (WOMAN) voices outside. It was Amy and an older woman.

Adam opened the door. ‘Hi Adam,’ said Amy. ‘Sorry I’m a few minutes late. The bad news is that I (LOOSE) my history notes too.’

Amy smiled. ‘But don’t worry because this is a good friend of (ME) – and she’s a history teacher!’

ОТВЕТ

TASK 2

The Cyrillic alphabet is the alphabet used in Russian text. It is one of the most (WIDE) used alphabets in the world.

The alphabet is used in (VARY) languages, including Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ukrainian.

It began in the (TEN) century in the Bulgarian Empire. It was created by two Greek brothers, Cyril and Methodius.

It was formed from the Greek alphabet, although there are many (DIFFER) between the two.

Some people would like the alphabet to be called the Russian alphabet, to refer to Russia, just as the Greek alphabet refers to Greece. They (AGREE) with the name Cyrillic.

ОТВЕТ