ОГЭ: Лексика и грамматика

На данной странице содержатся задания на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию (преобразование слов). В каждом задании дан текст с рядом слов в начальной форме. Необходимо трансформировать (преобразовать) данные слова таким образом, чтобы они лексически и грамматически соответствовали содержанию теста. Данный вид заданий используется в ОГЭ по английскому языку.

Задание 1 >>
Задание 2 >>
Задание 3 >>
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Задание 1 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Amy was clothes shopping. She was trying on new outfits when her mobile phone suddenly __RING__. It was her friend Adam. He wanted to know if she needed any help __STUDY__ for their history test.
‘Yes, please!’ said Amy. ‘I __DO__ badly in the last test, so I really want to impress Mrs Sanders this time.’
They arranged to meet at Adams house at seven o’clock. ‘I can’t find my history notes, so remember to bring __YOU__’ said Adam.
At eight o’clock, Amy still __NOT ARRIVE__. Adam was not happy.
‘I can’t wait any __LONG__,’ he thought to himself.
‘I’ll have to get the notes from someone else.’
He was just about to call his friend Tom when he heard a couple of __WOMAN__ voices outside. It was Amy and an older woman. Adam opened the door. ‘Hi Adam,’ said Amy. ‘Sorry I’m a few minutes late. The bad news is that I __LOSE__ my history notes too.’
Amy smiled. ‘But don’t worry because this is a good friend of __ME__ and she’s a history teacher!’

Amy was clothes shopping. She was trying on new outfits when her mobile phone suddenly RANG. It was her friend Adam. He wanted to know if she needed any help STUDYING for their history test.
‘Yes, please!’ said Amy. ‘I DID badly in the last test, so I really want to impress Mrs Sanders this time.’
They arranged to meet at Adams house at seven o’clock. ‘I can’t find my history notes, so remember to bring YOURS’ said Adam.
At eight o’clock, Amy still HAD NOT ARRIVED. Adam was not happy.
‘I can’t wait any LONGER,’ he thought to himself.
‘I’ll have to get the notes from someone else.’
He was just about to call his friend Tom when he heard a couple of WOMEN’S voices outside. It was Amy and an older woman. Adam opened the door. ‘Hi Adam,’ said Amy. ‘Sorry I’m a few minutes late. The bad news is that I HAVE LOST (можно LOST) my history notes too.’
Amy smiled. ‘But don’t worry because this is a good friend of MINE and she’s a history teacher!’

Задание 2 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

The Cyrillic alphabet is the alphabet used in Russian text. It is one of the most __WIDE__ used alphabets in the world.

The alphabet is used in __VARY__ languages, including Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ukrainian.

It began in the __TEN__ century in the Bulgarian Empire. It was created by two Greek brothers, Cyril and Methodius.

It was formed from the Greek alphabet, although there are many __DIFFER__ between the two.

Some people would like the alphabet to be called the Russian alphabet, to refer to Russia, just as the Greek alphabet refers to Greece. They __AGREE__ with the name Cyrillic.

The alphabet recently became the EU’s third __OFFICE__ script, after Latin and Greek, when Bulgaria joined the EU.

The Cyrillic alphabet is the alphabet used in Russian text. It is one of the most WIDELY used alphabets in the world.

The alphabet is used in VARIOUS languages, including Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ukrainian.

It began in the TENTH century in the Bulgarian Empire. It was created by two Greek brothers, Cyril and Methodius.

It was formed from the Greek alphabet, although there are many DIFFERENCES between the two.

Some people would like the alphabet to be called the Russian alphabet, to refer to Russia, just as the Greek alphabet refers to Greece. They DISAGREE with the name Cyrillic.

The alphabet recently became the EU’s third OFFICIAL script, after Latin and Greek, when Bulgaria joined the EU.

Задание 3 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

The rouble is the currency of Russia. It __BE__ in use for around five centuries.

Sometimes, the rouble used in Russia __KNOW__ as the Russian rouble. This is because some other countries also call their currencies roubles.

In the 1700s, Russian roubles __MAKE__ with precious metals such as silver, gold and platinum.

The Russian government __BEGIN__ printing paper monev until towards the end of the 1700s.

Russian rouble banknotes today have images of well-known places in Russia, as well as famous __MAN__ in Russian history.

The banknotes have modern features that stop __THEY__ from being copied illegally.

The __HIGH__ amount that appears on a banknote is 5,000 Russian roubles. After that, there are banknotes worth 1,000, 100, 50, 10 and 5 roubles.

However, there are also 5- and 10-rouble coins, and these are used __COMMONLY__ than the 5- and 10-rouble banknotes.

Because 5-rouble coins are used so often, the government decided to stop __PRINT__ the 5-rouble banknotes any more.

The rouble is the currency of Russia. It HAS BEEN in use for around five centuries.

Sometimes, the rouble used in Russia IS KNOWN as the Russian rouble. This is because some other countries also call their currencies roubles.

In the 1700s, Russian roubles WERE MADE with precious metals such as silver, gold and platinum.

The Russian government DID NOT BEGIN printing paper money until towards the end of the 1700s.

Russian rouble banknotes today have images of well-known places in Russia, as well as famous MEN in Russian history.

The banknotes have modern features that stop THEM from being copied illegally.

The HIGHEST amount that appears on a banknote is 5,000 Russian roubles. After that, there are banknotes worth 1,000, 100, 50, 10 and 5 roubles.

However, there are also 5- and 10-rouble coins, and these are used MORE COMMONLY than the 5- and 10-rouble banknotes.

Because 5-rouble coins are used so often, the government decided to stop PRINTING the 5-rouble banknotes any more.

Задание 4 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Gina was going to play the part of a very old woman in the school play. She was looking forward to the first __PERFORM__ of the show.

A few minutes before going on stage, she had an accident. She didn’t notice a box on the floor, fell over it, and hurt her knee very __BAD__ .

She could barely walk and she didn’t know what to do. She felt __USE__ .

Then she remembered the expression “the show must go on”. Although Ginas pain was __TERROR__ , she decided to carry on with the play.

Every second on stage was really __PAIN__ , but somehow she managed it.

Everyone thought her acting was very __IMPRESS__ and that she really looked like an old lady!

Gina was going to play the part of a very old woman in the school play. She was looking forward to the first PERFORMANCE of the show.

A few minutes before going on stage, she had an accident. She didn’t notice a box on the floor, fell over it, and hurt her knee very BADLY.

She could barely walk and she didn’t know what to do. She felt USELESS.

Then she remembered the expression “the show must go on”. Although Ginas pain was TERRIBLE, she decided to carry on with the play.

Every second on stage was really PAINFUL, but somehow she managed it.

Everyone thought her acting was very IMPRESSIVE and that she really looked like an old lady!

Задание 5 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Franks birthday is on 6th July. Last year, he decided to have a big party for all his friends as it __BE__ his sixteenth birthday.

In previous years, his parents had refused to let him have a party, so he __FEEL__ very excited when they said yes this time.

‘This is going to be the __GOOD__ party ever!’ he told his friend, Charlie. ‘Will you help me?’

‘Sure’ __REPLY__ Charlie, because he liked the idea. So they started planning the party together.

Charlie and Frank had been to lots of __PATRY__ so they knew what to do.

‘What we need is some good music,’ said Frank. ‘We’ve got lots of MP3s, but it would be great if we __HAVE__ a sound system to play them really loudly.’

‘That’s a good idea,’ Charlie agreed. ‘My cousin is a DJ, so I’ll ask him if we can borrow __HE__ equipment.’

‘I __THINK__ your cousin was a policeman ’ Frank said, confused. Charlie told him that he had nineteen cousins.

‘Oh, yes, your family is much bigger than __I__ ’ said Frank. ‘Just don’t invite them all to the party!’

Franks birthday is on 6th July. Last year, he decided to have a big party for all his friends as it WAS his sixteenth birthday.

In previous years, his parents had refused to let him have a party, so he FELT very excited when they said yes this time.

‘This is going to be the BEST party ever!’ he told his friend, Charlie. ‘Will you help me?’

‘Sure’ REPLIED Charlie, because he liked the idea. So they started planning the party together.

Charlie and Frank had been to lots of PARTIES so they knew what to do.

‘What we need is some good music,’ said Frank. ‘We’ve got lots of MP3s, but it would be great if we HAD a sound system to play them really loudly.’

‘That’s a good idea,’ Charlie agreed. ‘My cousin is a DJ, so I’ll ask him if we can borrow HIS equipment.’

‘I THOUGHT your cousin was a policeman ’ Frank said, confused. Charlie told him that he had nineteen cousins.

‘Oh, yes, your family is much bigger than MINE’ said Frank. ‘Just don’t invite them all to the party!’

Задание 6 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Have you heard of the English city of York? It’s one of the most __FAME__ cities in the UK.

The Romans started the city in 71 AD. It quickly grew to become __CENTRE__ to the Roman Empire as a military base.

In 211, Constantine I was crowned Emperor in York. This was __REAL__ unusual and special, as Emperors were almost always crowned in Rome.

The historical __IMPORTANT__ of York is also symbolised by the Minster, one of the largest churches in the world.

The city burnt down in a __DISASTER__ fire in 1137, but managed to recover to become a centre of trade and commerce by the 1500s.

Fire struck again in 1984 and the Minster was badly damaged, but __FORTUNE__ , like the city itself, the Minster recovered its former glory to stand tall once again.

Have you heard of the English city of York? It’s one of the most FAMOUS cities in the UK.

The Romans started the city in 71 AD. It quickly grew to become CENTRAL to the Roman Empire as a military base.

In 211, Constantine I was crowned Emperor in York. This was REALLY unusual and special, as Emperors were almost always crowned in Rome.

The historical IMPORTANCE of York is also symbolised by the Minster, one of the largest churches in the world.

The city burnt down in a DISASTROUS fire in 1137, but managed to recover to become a centre of trade and commerce by the 1500s.

Fire struck again in 1984 and the Minster was badly damaged, but FORTUNATELY, like the city itself, the Minster recovered its former glory to stand tall once again.

Задание 7 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Do you remember the 2012 Olympics? The opening ceremony __DIRECT__ by award-winning film-maker Danny Boyle.

Not many people expected the ceremony to be very good, despite __HE__ excellent reputation as a director.

But, in the end, it was very successful. Almost everyone who __SEE__ it said it was fantastic.

The show __WATCH__ by more than 900 million people and lasted for four hours.

Many of the various sections of the show contained lots of __CHILD__ and young people.

The aim of the ceremony was to give the world a taste of the __GOOD__ of British culture.

The sections featured everything from the Industrial Revolution to Britain’s literary heritage. These showed what the nation had achieved so far in __IT__ history.

One part of the ceremony appeared to show the Queen parachuting into the stadium. This has helped make her __POPULAR__ than ever.

Of course, she didn’t really jump from a helicopter. Everyone __KNOW__ it was a joke.

Do you remember the 2012 Olympics? The opening ceremony WAS DIRECT by award-winning film-maker Danny Boyle.

Not many people expected the ceremony to be very good, despite HIS excellent reputation as a director.

But, in the end, it was very successful. Almost everyone who SAW it said it was fantastic.

The show WAS WATCH by more than 900 million people and lasted for four hours.

Many of the various sections of the show contained lots of CHILDREN and young people.

The aim of the ceremony was to give the world a taste of the BEST of British culture.

The sections featured everything from the Industrial Revolution to Britain’s literary heritage. These showed what the nation had achieved so far in ITS history.

One part of the ceremony appeared to show the Queen parachuting into the stadium. This has helped make her MORE POPULAR than ever.

Of course, she didn’t really jump from a helicopter. Everyone KNEW it was a joke.

Задание 8 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

I grew up in the UK in the 1980s. During my __CHILD__ there wasn’t always a lot to do in the summer holidays.

On the rare occasions when it was a warm __SUN__ day, we’d go for a picnic on Blackpool beach.

As far as my family were concerned, there was nothing more __ENJOY__ than eating sandwiches on the beach.

We hardly ever went swimming, though, as the water was often __EXTREME__ cold. So we would just play on the wet sand.

But even if we were __LUCKY__ with the weather and it started raining, we could always go for some fish and chips.

Nothing gave us more pleasure after a __TIRE__ day at the seaside.

I grew up in the UK in the 1980s. During my CHILDHOOD there wasn’t always a lot to do in the summer holidays.

On the rare occasions when it was a warm SUNNY day, we’d go for a picnic on Blackpool beach.

As far as my family were concerned, there was nothing more ENJOYABLE than eating sandwiches on the beach.

We hardly ever went swimming, though, as the water was often EXTREMELY cold. So we would just play on the wet sand.

But even if we were UNLUCKY with the weather and it started raining, we could always go for some fish and chips.

Nothing gave us more pleasure after a TIRING day at the seaside.

Задание 9 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Lisa was getting ready for bed. She’d iust brushed her __TOOTH__ and was deciding which book to read in bed.

As usual, she was thinking about a million other things at the same time. ‘Daddy’s got the __INTERESTING__ job in the whole world,’ she thought.

I wonder if I’ll be a teacher like Daddy when I’m __OLD__ ,’she then thought. ‘Maybe I’ll be an astronaut.’

She smiled to __SHE__ at the idea of speeding through space in a spaceship.

Then she stopped __SMILE__ . ‘But if I’m an astronaut. I’ll be away from my family, friends and cat.’

She __KNOW__ it was impossible to be an astronaut and see her family all the time.

She __MAKE__ a decision. ‘I won’t do that job, then. I want to see my cat every evening.’

At that moment, her cat Timothy __COME__ into the room. Timothy looked at her, as if to say: ‘I want to see you every day, too.’

‘Now,’ said Lisa. ‘What book do you want __I__ to read to you before bed tonight, Timothy?’

Lisa was getting ready for bed. She’d iust brushed her TEETH and was deciding which book to read in bed.

As usual, she was thinking about a million other things at the same time. ‘Daddy’s got the MOST INTERESTING job in the whole world,’ she thought.

I wonder if I’ll be a teacher like Daddy when I’m OLDER,’ she then thought. ‘Maybe I’ll be an astronaut.’

She smiled to HERSELF at the idea of speeding through space in a spaceship.

Then she stopped SMILING. ‘But if I’m an astronaut. I’ll be away from my family, friends and cat.’

She KNEW it was impossible to be an astronaut and see her family all the time.

She MADE a decision. ‘I won’t do that job, then. I want to see my cat every evening.’

At that moment, her cat Timothy CAME into the room. Timothy looked at her, as if to say: ‘I want to see you every day, too.’

‘Now,’ said Lisa. ‘What book do you want __ME__ to read to you before bed tonight, Timothy?’

Задание 10 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Pablo Picasso was born in 1881 and died in 1973. He’s an extremely well-known __PAINT__.

Although he was born in Spain, he spent most of his __AMAZE__ life in Paris.

Most of Picassos pictures are quite __USUAL__ to look at, as they contain strange shapes and very weird faces.

His pictures are very bright. __VIEW__ often say they are dramatic works of art.

Picasso had close __FRIEND__ with several other famous people from that time, including Henri Matisse and Gertrude Stein.

His talent was widely recognised during his lifetime, and when people think of the greatest artists of all time, they __GENERAL__ think of him.

Pablo Picasso was born in 1881 and died in 1973. He’s an extremely well-known PAINTER.

Although he was born in Spain, he spent most of his AMAZING life in Paris.

Most of Picassos pictures are quite UNUSUAL to look at, as they contain strange shapes and very weird faces.

His pictures are very bright. VIEWERS often say they are dramatic works of art.

Picasso had close FRIENDSHIPS with several other famous people from that time, including Henri Matisse and Gertrude Stein.

His talent was widely recognised during his lifetime, and when people think of the greatest artists of all time, they GENERALLY think of him.

Задание 11 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

Red Square is a city square in the centre of Moscow. It __CONSIDER__ by some people to be the centre of all of Russia.

Its name __NOT COME__ from the red bricks that make up the square, nor from any connection to a type of government.

Rather, the word ‘red’ in Russian can also mean ‘beautiful’. As the square has grand and beautiful buildings, __IT__ appearance is indeed lovely.

Originally, the square __DESIGN__ to be a market-place, but it has also been used for other purposes.

Official ceremonies __TAKE__ place there over the years, such as the crowning of tsars in past centuries.

Around the square, there __BE__ several important buildings, such as the Kremlin and St Basils Cathedral.

In 1990. Red Square __BECOME__ a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Kremlin.

Red Square is also used for rock concerts __THIS__ days. Performers such as Paul McCartney, Shakira and the Red Hot Chili Peppers have played there.

McCartneys band, The Beatles, was not allowed to play in Russia. McCartnev, however, was the __TWO__ Beatle to perform in Russia, after Ringo Starr played there in 1998.

Red Square is a city square in the centre of Moscow. It IS CONSIDER by some people to be the centre of all of Russia.

Its name DOES NOT COME from the red bricks that make up the square, nor from any connection to a type of government.

Rather, the word ‘red’ in Russian can also mean ‘beautiful’. As the square has grand and beautiful buildings, ITS appearance is indeed lovely.

Originally, the square WAS DESIGNED to be a market-place, but it has also been used for other purposes.

Official ceremonies HAVE TAKEN place there over the years, such as the crowning of tsars in past centuries.

Around the square, there ARE several important buildings, such as the Kremlin and St Basils Cathedral.

In 1990. Red Square BECAME a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Kremlin.

Red Square is also used for rock concerts THESE days. Performers such as Paul McCartney, Shakira and the Red Hot Chili Peppers have played there.

McCartneys band, The Beatles, was not allowed to play in Russia. McCartnev, however, was the SECOND Beatle to perform in Russia, after Ringo Starr played there in 1998.

Задание 12 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

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ЗаданиеОтвет

When Nick returned from his holiday, he met his friend Jill for a drink. She asked him if he had had a __RELAX__ time.

Nick said he’d really enjoyed swimming and visiting all the __ATTRACT__ but that it hadn’t all been perfect.

Because of this, Jill asked him what had made him __HAPPY__ during the trip.

Nick replied that he hadn’t really liked the hot weather.
‘You can’t __EASY__ enjoy vourself when you’re sweating all the time,’ he said.

Jill reminded him that now he was back in London, where it was grey and __CLOUD__.

‘I know’ said Nick, ‘but __LUCKY__ I still have some sunburn from Thailand to keep me warm!’

When Nick returned from his holiday, he met his friend Jill for a drink. She asked him if he had had a RELAXING time.

Nick said he’d really enjoyed swimming and visiting all the ATTRACTIONS but that it hadn’t all been perfect.

Because of this, Jill asked him what had made him UNHAPPY during the trip.

Nick replied that he hadn’t really liked the hot weather.
‘You can’t EASILY enjoy vourself when you’re sweating all the time,’ he said.

Jill reminded him that now he was back in London, where it was grey and CLOUDY.

‘I know’ said Nick, ‘but LUCKILY I still have some sunburn from Thailand to keep me warm!’