Готовимся к ОГЭ по английскому и отрабатываем соотнесение высказываний и утверждений. Упражнение 19.
Вы услышите 5 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—E и утверждениями 1—6. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. The speaker talks about the symbolic meaning of colours.
2. The speaker says how colours influence our health.
3. The speaker talks about the meaning of colours in the wildlife.
4. The speaker talks about the emotional influence of colour.
5. The speaker talks about the history of body art.
6. The speaker says how the attitude towards colours changed.
A – 6
B – 5
C – 4
D – 1
E – 3
Colours have always been important for humans. In many ancient civilisations, people painted coloured circles and lines around their eyes and mouths. Originally they did this to please the gods and scare away evil spirits. But they soon realised that colour could be used to make their faces and bodies beautiful — and cosmetics were born.
Body painting is one of the most ancient arts of humankind and today it is coming back into fashion. Until recently, only men used tattoos on their bodies. Now, however, they can be seen on many women and girls, too. Girls who don’t want to have tattoos use removable transfers to decorate their arms and legs.
The colours of our clothes are also very important. For example, wearing a red sweater or jacket can increase your energy. But if you wear it too long, you can start to feel impatient or aggressive. The colour green, on the other hand, is known to calm the nerves and soothe emotions. Blue colour is supposed to be the colour of balance and harmony.
For the mysterious Aztec and Maya civilisations every colour had a meaning, either positive or negative. For example, yellow was the symbol of the sun, and blue meant the person had royal ancestors. Red stood for blood. Black symbolised war and death. In ancient Egypt, gold was the sign of power.
In nature very bright colours, such as yellow, red and orange are used both to warn and to attract. Birds, reptiles, fish and insects use brilliant combinations of colours to attract mates. Butterflies are an excellent example. Some animals also use bright colours to warn their enemies that they are nasty and poisonous.