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1. Collecting money
A. The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States and is a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, designated as a National Monument in 1924 and restored for her 100th birthday on July 4, 1986.
B. Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was asked to design the sculpture with the year 1876 in mind for completion, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the American Declaration of Independence. The Statue was a joint effort between America and France and it was agreed upon that the American people would build the pedestal, and the French people were responsible for the Statue.
C. In America, fund raising for the pedestal was going slowly, so Joseph Pulitzer opened up the editorial pages of his newspaper “The World” to support the fund raising effort. Pulitzer used his newspaper to criticize both the rich who didn’t finance the pedestal construction and the middle class who relied on the wealthy to provide the funds. Pulitzer’s campaign of criticism was successful in motivating the people of America to donate.
D. The pedestal construction was finished in April of 1886. The Statue was completed in France in July, 1884 and arrived in New York Harbor in June of 1885 on board the French frigate “Isere” which transported the Statue of Liberty from France to the United States. In transit, the Statue was reduced to 350 individual parts and packed in 214 boxes.
E. The height of the Statue from her heel to the top of her head is 111 feet, 6 inches and there are 154 steps from the pedestal to the head of the Statue of Liberty. Another interesting fact is connected with the Statue’s crown. There are seven rays on her crown, one for each of the seven continents, 9 feet in length each and weighing as much as 150 pounds.
F. The island, which has been the Statue’s home for more than 120 years, was officially renamed Liberty Island in 1956. Today this imposing work of art continues to capture the imagination of all who see her, whether in person or as the subject of countless photographs or artistic renderings.
G. In spite of the fact that nowadays millions of people come to Liberty Island every year, there are some facts that quite few people know. For example many people think that the Statue has always been green. In fact is that the copper covering of the Statue of Liberty is 3/32 of an inch thick and the light green color, called a patina, is the result of natural weathering of the copper.
A – 3
B – 8
C – 1
D – 7
E – 4
F – 2
G – 5