Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
1. The speaker made the conclusion of useless behavior.
2. The speaker buys only cheap things.
3. The speaker thinks it’s good to treat oneself.
4. The speaker is very practical person.
5. The speaker had to change the attitude under circumstances.
6. The speaker spends all the money.
7. The speaker understands the necessity of only useful things.
A – 7
B – 4
C – 5
D – 2
E – 1
F – 3
Speaker A: A lot of people confuse what they need with what they want. They think they really must have that bigger house, the latest mobile phone, a designer top or some luxury food. To me the difference between wants and needs is clear. We all only really need somewhere to live, food and water, basic health and hygiene products, and clothes for different situations. All the other stuff is really just what we want — things that make us feel better for a time. My advice is just to ask ‘Do I really need this?’ and if the answer’s ‘yes’, then, of course, I’ll go ahead and buy it.
Speaker B: I always try to keep balance in my earnings and my spending. I usually know quite well what I need to buy. Once a week I write a shopping list and always follow it. It helps me not to do useless purchases. It may sound a bit dull to people who love shopping but it means I don’t have any credit card debts to pay and my apartment isn’t full of great amount of things. It’s all a question of balance but we also have to be realistic and not to turn into scrooge person.
Speaker С: I used to be a complete shopaholic. All my spare time was taken up with trips to shopping malls, buying and selling on eBay and browsing my favourite internet sites. I remember in one weekend I bought six pairs of trousers, eight shirts, around 20 CDs and a new mobile phone. Anyway, by the time I was twenty I had debts of around £20 000 — a thousand pounds for every year of my life. Then losing my job was the reality check I needed. I couldn’t pay any of the bills. It was so scary. Now I realize I didn’t really need all that stuff and I’m slowly paying off what I owe.
Speaker D: I don’t really plan my spending, even when I go shopping. I just look around and spot what’s on special offer. I always go for the ‘buy one, get one free’ and ‘three for two’ deals in the supermarket. I sometimes end up with loads of bottles of shampoo but I guess it’s always useful. The high street is full of great value shops nowadays. I usually pop in to one or two of them on my way home from work. They are full of cheap clothes and accessories and they always have a sale rail of cut-price stuff. I’ll usually pick up one or two things each week.
Speaker E: I used to be a dream customer. If I saw something I liked, I would always buy it. It didn’t matter if it was in a shop window, in a magazine or catalogue, on a website, or even in an auction. ‘See it, want it, buy it’ used to be my motto. I have a good salary and so money has never been a problem, and I’ve never been very much in debt. Then I saw a TV programme on impulse buyers like me and they came across really badly — just like spoilt children. I decided there and then I had to stop being so self-indulgent.
Speaker F: I love all shopping opportunities. Not because I’m shopaholic but because I earn a living by getting people to buy things. It’s my job to make people aware of the benefits of different brands so that they sell well. Nowadays there’s a lot of talk about people being addicted to shopping and buying stuff they don’t need. But what would happen if we only bought the basics in life? Our economy would suffer, workers in the developing world lose their jobs, and life would be very dull. I’m not saying that people should get into serious debt but to have what you want makes life fun.