На этой странице представлены задания на аудирование, которые предполагают прослушивание высказываний ряда говорящих и соотнесение их с утверждениями. Данный вид теста является одним из заданий на аудирование в ЕГЭ по английскому языку.
Формулировка задания звучит следующим образом: “Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.”
Задание 1 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. It is necessary to take care of your pet’s health if it has problems.
2. Having two pets can be more enjoyable than having one.
3. Giving an unwanted pet a home is an opportunity to do something kind.
4. Each and every pet has an interesting and unique personality.
5. Choosing the right pet is a very important decision.
6. A pet often loves its owner and can be like a best friend.
7. Pets need something to play with, just like people do.
A – 5
B – 4
C – 2
D – 1
E – 7
F – 3
Speaker A: We’ve had our dog, Fido, for two years now. My parents asked me which animal I’d like, and I said a dog. A dog was a good choice for us because we’ve got a big house and a fenced-in garden where he can play, and we all take turns walking him. Dogs need space and exercise. People who’ve got a small flat and not a lot of free time to spend with their pet should probably get a fish instead!
Speaker B: Our cats, Leo, Tabs and Boo, certainly keep us entertained round the house. They love to play and sleep and they certainly perk up at mealtimes. But they have their own characters. Leo is super friendly and loves to sit on your lap. Tabs always runs away when you try to pick her up. And Boo is unpredictable – sometimes he loves you, and sometimes he doesn’t! I guess they re like people in a way – no two are alike!
Speaker С: I love having an aquarium. I’ve got two fish in it now. They don’t really have personalities, you know, although they get excited when I toss flakes of food in their tank. I started off with just one fish, then after six months, I decided it would be fun to get a second one, and they seem very happy together. They’re easy to look after – just give them some food and watch them swim!
Speaker D: We’ve got a really cool parrot named Polly. Polly’s a great character, and she talks! What better pet could you have, right? Sadly, though, Polly wasn’t feeling well a few weeks ago. She stopped eating and wasn’t talking so much. Everyone who owns a pet must look after it, so we had to take her to a vet, who prescribed some medicine. She’s much improved now and back to her usual chatty self!
Speaker E: Our local pet shop has got lots of different pets – rabbits and hamsters, birds and fish. I’m always tempted to buy another pet, but I know I mustn’t! But every time I go there, I pick up something for my dog, Gus. He loves having a new toy to chew on or chase round the house. I think about myself, you know. I love video games, but I can’t play the same one over and over again!
Speaker F: When we were thinking of getting a pet, we had to consider where we would get one. The pet shop near my house has lots to choose from. But I get so sad when I think about all those animals that are out on the streets. So my parents and I decided that we would visit the city shelter and rescue a pet from there. And that’s how we got our dog Chester, who’s more than happy to live with us!
Задание 2 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. It’s good to have a part-time job when you’re a university student.
2. Problems with time-keeping are not always the student’s fault.
3. University students have lots of new expenses to cope with.
4. Learning to do chores is part of university life.
5. Asking your parents for money while at university can be difficult.
6. Your class schedule can vary significantly at university.
7. Managing your freedom is a responsibility you learn at university.
A – 4
B – 7
C – 1
D – 6
E – 3
F – 2
Speaker A: I wasn’t a lazy kid at all. I studied hard and got good marks in my exams. I never missed football practice and I participated in extra-curricular activities. But now that I’m at university; there’s one thing I realise I never learnt how to do – wash my clothes! Now that Mum’s not here to do it, I’ve had to sort of work it out on my own. Needless to say, a few of my white T-shirts now look pink!
Speaker B: At university, no ones around to tell you that you need to stay at home and study. That’s something you have to learn to do yourself. There’s lots of temptation to go out and say to yourself TU study later! But take it from me, that’s a bad mistake to make. You’ve got to stay on lop of your priorities. Its just as important to put your free time into a specific schedule as it is your study time.
Speaker С: I never seem to have enough money as a university student. My parents send me a few pounds here and there, but I’ve largely been left to fend for myself. Luckily, I’ve been able to manage my studying and take on a few hours at a local cafe. Its a good way to make some extra cash, and it keeps me from going out too much, which is how I would spend most of my money anyway!
Speaker D: As a high school student, life was fairly simple. I can say that now, looking back on it! You went to school at 9 am, left at around 4 pm, and that was the end of it. Now, at the beginning of every term at university, I have to sort through a list of classes that occur al all different times of the day. On the one hand, it’s very flexible, but it makes sticking to a routine a bit more difficult.
Speaker E: Money can be a real problem for university students. That’s certainly no big secret! You’ve got to pay for expensive books for every subject. And what about your meals? Mum and Dad aren’t there to pick up the tab. And if you have your own flat, there will be rent and all sorts of bills. I live in a hall of residence, so having my own place is another year away for me yet. Id better start saving up!
Speaker F: I’m lucky that I have all oj my lectures in the afternoon. It means I’ve got the mornings to do my studying and my chores. But sometimes it’s a bit difficult to get from one class to another. My last two Friday lectures are at opposite ends of the university. I’ve only got 10 minutes to get from one to the other; so you’ll see me running down the street on occasion! I’m often late, but I cant help it!
Задание 3 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The best cafes are those located near busy pedestrian streets.
2. A cafe should be quiet if it wants to attract readers.
3. Playing board games with friends is a great cafe pastime.
4. The decor of a cafe can make or break its business.
5. A cafe can make a business meeting more casual and less dull.
6. You can even watch news programmes in cafes these days.
7. A town should have a variety of cafes for every taste.
A – 3
B – 5
C – 6
D – 2
E – 1
F – 4
Speaker A: Sitting around drinking coffee has never been one of my favourite things to do, but I do love playing games, and so do some of my mates. So we’ve decided to meet at weekends and do that in a cafe. The place we go to has got a lot of fun things to choose from, and sometimes we bring our own. It’s a nice quiet and relaxed place, and never too busy, so we like it.
Speaker B: I work in an advertising agency and creativity is a focus. I meet with clients in our offices quite often, but more and more I’ve started asking them to meet me at a cafё down the street from our building. The atmosphere and decor are really arty, and the clients tend to feel a bit more relaxed when we meet there. I think both myself and my clients can come up with more interesting ideas for campaigns while we’re there.
Speaker С: Cafes have almost become like living rooms. It reminds me of that TV series Friends, where they drink coffee on a big sofa as if they re at home. In fact, a lot of cafes have put televisions up on the wall. It’s usually just in the background, so it doesn’t steal your attention. Its not to everyone’s taste, but I think its nice to look up occasionally and see a bit of current affairs or a sporting event.
Speaker D: For those of us who like to spend hours with a good book, a cafe is an excellent place to do it. That is, of course, if its not one with loud music, big-screen TVs and loads of noisy people. There are quite of few of those in my area, and they’re obviously not interested in keeping my business. That’s OK; I’ve got at least two or three to choose from that cater to bookworms like myself.
Speaker E: I think there are more cafes in my town than people! That’s what life is like in the Mediterranean. The weathers nice most of the year, and its great to sit outside, catch up on everyone’s news and, of course, do people-watching. The best places to do that are in sightseeing areas, with lots of people walking up and down the pavement, looking at the sights and enjoying the day. You see all walks of life in these places.
Speaker F: There are lots of different cafes in my town. A surprising number, in fact. To be honest, I don’t know how they all stay in business. A few of them have really bad interiors – bright fluorescent lighting, tacky furniture, even cracked plates. I hardly ever see anyone in them either. In my opinion, the look and feel of a cafe is the most important thing. Otherwise, it’s not going to be successful.
Задание 4 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Suspense and mystery keep readers entertained to the end.
2. A sweet tale of romance can warm the readers heart.
3. Some of the best stories are told through pictures, rather than words.
4. Some stories describe technological advancements yet to be seen.
5. Our behaviour can be improved by looking back in time.
6. Reality is sometimes more entertaining than fantasy.
7. Reading about another persons life can bring meaning to our own.
A – 6
B – 5
C – 1
D – 7
E – 4
F – 2
Speaker A: They say that some of the strangest stories you’ll ever encounter are about events that happened in real life. When we read about something unbelievable, but then find out it’s true, our shock and bewilderment are even greater, and I think we enjoy this feeling. This can be the case with amazing tales of human survival, or a rags-to-riches story. It also applies to geological events, or the objects astronomers have found in space.
Speaker B: Historical conflicts are a terrible thing, but there are lessons to be learned from reading about them. We can see the mistakes that mankind made so many years ago, and we can use them as an example of what not to do now. It’s hard to believe that some of the mistakes in the past get repeated, but people have short memories. That’s why its important, to study these periods, so we make better decisions today.
Speaker С: Have you ever read a book that was so compelling, you couldn’t pul it down? A real page-turner, in which you sit reading for hours and ignore everything else? Even hunger and thirst cant tear you away from the story. This is what a really well-written murder mystery is like. You want to know who killed off the leading character and you cant turn the pages fast enough to find out!
Speaker D: We all try to achieve greatness in our lives in our very own way. It may seem as though the things we do are trivial and meaningless at times, but as the great Mahatma Gandhi once said, even the most insignificant things we do are important for our lives. Reading about great people such as him allows us to understand our own existence. It helps us realise that even the small things we do are to be cherished.
Speaker E: A good writer has to be imaginative, especially when writing science fiction. If the writer succeeds, they may invent an idea that actually becomes reality. Take headphones, for example. Before they were invented, they were the stuff of novels. No one could picture a tiny speaker small enough to fit inside your ear. Now it seems everyone’s got a pair. Who knows what’s in today’s novels that will become a reality later on?
Speaker F: A good book can take us away to another world that we sometimes wish were a reality. Let’s face it, life is rarely quite as exciting as what you can read in the pages of a novel. This is true of our expectations in life and our most tender emotions. A story about love can actually help us to understand our own feelings for the people we care about, especially when our daily routines make life a bit dull.
Задание 5 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Sadly, many forests are cut down so that homes can be built.
2. In some ways, people can help a forest grow.
3. An unattended fire is a forests worst enemy.
4. We should try to avoid sacrificing forests for farmland.
5. Whatever you bring into the forest must leave with you.
6. A persons wooden furniture was once an animal’s home.
7. Eco-tourism can raise money to protect forests and the species that live in them.
A – 5
B – 1
C – 3
D – 4
E – 2
F – 6
Speaker A: My family and I used to go camping when I was a kid. We had such great fun together, sitting by the campfire, roasting marshmallows and telling stories. I didn’t pay much attention to it then, but some of our fellow campers had some bad habits. You would see empty crisp packets and plastic bottles here and there. It wasn’t enough to put you off, but still, the campers should have taken those things with them on their way out.
Speaker B: We’ve all read those terrible stories about the state of the worlds forests, that they’re being cut down or burnt down and little is being done to stop it. It’s disheartening to say the least. I realise that countries grow and need space to accommodate their expanding populations. But still, whenever they clear the woods to build a new residential area, they are destroying wildlife habitat. Where are the birds and the animals going to live?
Speaker С: Camping is a terrific pastime. Still, there are rules to follow when camping in a forest. Breaking some of the rules might not land you in hot water, but one that will is walking away from a campfire while its still burning. Even if its just on its last smoking embers, all it takes is a few dried leaves to create a raging inferno. You’ll destroy the forest and harm the animals who live there.
Speaker D: Forests are cleared for a number of reasons, and sadly, the progress of mankind has been bad news for our planets trees. As our population continues to grow, more people need food to put on their dinner table. And that means more needs to be grown. Forests have disappeared because land was needed to grow vegetables or herd cattle. Its too bad we cant find a way to produce the things we cat without tearing down a forest to do it.
Speaker E: When a fire is ravaging a forest, it’s hard to stop it. The firemen do their job, although their main concern is saving homes. After the fire ends, there’s a mess left to deal with. A forest regenerates over time, but there are organisations that can give it a boost. They gather seeds and plant them in individual containers. When the trees are big enough, they plant them in the forest, giving it a chance to regenerate faster.
Speaker F: On a recent camping trip, my friend spotted a raccoon while we were sitting by the campfire. It quickly ran away when we noticed it, and my friend left the fire to see where it went. She found its whole family in a tree! But I remember her saying, “One day, their home could be gone!” She was right. Many trees are cut down just to end up as someone’s desk. I hope that never happens to that tree.
Задание 6 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. You need to take your time when you have a meal.
2. We must be careful when eating oily or sugary food.
3. Your day should start off right – healthy, nutritious and satisfying.
4. Three meals a day is all the food you really need.
5. Most dieticians discourage a diet heavy in meat.
6. You should never go to bed with a heavy meal in your stomach.
7. Some dieticians recommend eating several small meals a day.
A – 4
B – 5
C – 6
D – 3
E – 1
F – 2
Speaker A: Snacking throughout the day is common behaviour. People get peckish in the afternoon or late evening and they snack on a packet of crisps or some nuts. But really, this is a bad habit to get into, and one that’s hard to break. We eat extra, unneeded calories this way, and sooner or later we start to slowly put on weight. A sensible breakfast, a satisfying lunch and a healthy dinner is the best eating habit.
Speaker B: We all like a bit of flavour in our meals. Vegetables and grains only go so far in providing that. Its much tastier to have some grilled chicken or beef for lunch or dinner. It’s certainly fine to have it in moderation, but most doctors and nutritionists will tell you its not healthy to eat beef with every meal. Once a day, or even just three times a week, is probably all you should consume.
Speaker С: Most of us lead busy lifestyles these days. We have to rush off to work without breakfast, our lunch hours are more like half-hours, and sometimes it’s 9 pm before we sit down for dinner. Were usually starving by this point, but we should resist the urge to consume a huge bowl of pasta or a big plate of meat. That food doesn’t get burnt off when you’re sleeping, and most of it turns to fat.
Speaker D: This has probably happened to you on a number of occasions. Your morning goes by sluggishly and by lunchtime you’re about to pass out from hunger. Let me guess – you ran out of the door without having anything for breakfast, didn’t you? Were all very busy hurrying off to work or school in the morning, but its really important to have a bowl of cereal, some yogurt or a banana to give you energy before you rush out.
Speaker E: Has this ever happened to you? You’ve got a meeting to rush off to, or a class that’s starting in fifteen minutes, but you’re starving because you haven t eaten all day. So in a spare fifteen minutes, you devour something as fast as you can. Of course, this is a very unhealthy way of eating. You should eat your food slowly and calmly, or otherwise, you wont be able to digest it and you may even choke on it!
Speaker F: Everyone has their favourite foods. Some people like things with vegetables, others with some kind of carbohydrate, like rice or pasta. My favourite foods, I must admit, are the ones that really aren’t too healthy. I love chips, fried chicken, anything that’s deep-fried, really. I also adore cakes and pastries, especially ones with icing or whipped cream. It’s fine that they’re my favourite foods, I just have to watch how much of them I eat, as do we all.
Задание 7 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Devices with a large variety of functions may confuse some users.
2. We should learn how to use a device before attempting to use it.
3. If a new device stops working, the repair should be free.
4. If a device is too expensive, most people will just do without.
5. Most people prefer devices that can serve many different purposes.
6. A device should be strong enough to survive a fall.
7. The appearance of a device is an important feature for some.
A – 3
B – 6
C – 1
D – 5
E – 4
F – 7
Speaker A: Electronic devices have become so sophisticated these days. I love the fact that my mobile phone and music player can do a million different things. Of course, sometimes they stop functioning properly. With most phones you’re covered for a year or two, so that if that happens you can take them back to the shop, and either get the staff to fix the devices, or get replacements, free of charge.
Speaker B: I’m rather clumsy when it comes to handling small things. I cant tell you how many times I’ve dropped my phone on the floor. Just the other day, my laptop slid off my lap and hit the ground. I had dozed off while I was surfing the net. Luckily they both still work. These manufacturers have done a good job with their products. I wonder how many times they threw them on the floor when they were testing them!
Speaker С: When it comes to electronic devices, the only thing I’m very good at is switching them on and off. I’m simply not very keen on them, and every year, devices get more and more complicated. I know they do lots of useful things, which I’m sure is helpful for some people. But people like me – and I cant be the only one -need simplicity. I don’t want to spend hours trying to figure out how to use something.
Speaker D: As an estate agent, I’ve got a lot of different tasks to carry out. I work independently, so I’ve had to purchase my own equipment, and I’ve had to choose wisely. I needed a mobile phone that can schedule appointments, send emails, and take photos and videos of property, and it can do much more. I think lots of people share similar needs as myself when it comes to devices. They need to do a minimum often things at once.
Speaker E: Lets face it – were not all millionaires. Most of us cant throw down a huge pile of cash when we go into an electronics shop. Devices should be made affordable for the average user. I’m a fairly picky shopper as well. If I think I’m getting ripped off I wont spend the money. I’ll wait for a sale, or I just won’t buy it. I think a lot of people are like that, which is good.
Speaker F: When I’m looking for a new device, such as a mobile phone, I have a lot of things in mind just like everybody else. I want a phone that does a multitude of things, like take good quality photos and have easy access to the internet. But on more than one occasion I’ve chosen one device over another simply because it had a sleek, more modern look that matched my style a bit better. It’s something to consider.
Задание 8 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. It’s difficult but satisfying to create small models of large things.
2. Finding and keeping unusual and special items is an enjoyable pastime.
3. All you need are two simple, common items to practise this hobby.
4. Photographing beautiful moments in nature takes some time and care.
5. Making films at home is actually more difficult than it sounds.
6. With this hobby, you can make beautiful accessories from natural materials.
7. This hobby involves making something you can use in the bathroom.
A – 4
B – 3
C – 6
D – 2
E – 7
F – 1
Speaker A: Some hobbies actually require a bit of work. For mine, I’ve been waking up at dawn, because this is when you have the best light of the day. I pack up my camera equipment and head out to the woods behind our house. Then I look for that rare moment, for example when you see a deer standing still. You wait until it looks right at you, then snap! You have a perfect picture!
Speaker B: You’d be surprised what you’d find round the house to keep you busy for hours. For example, there are lots of ordinary scenes at home, like your dog lying on the sofa or the view of your back garden that you can see from the breakfast room. You can capture these moments on paper, with just an average everyday pencil, if you learn how to draw. It’s a fulfilling pastime, and I quite respect it.
Speaker С: I went hiking with some friends a couple of weekends back. Along the way, I found some small, beautiful stones in a river. They were quite shiny, so I decided to take them home with me, thinking I’d put them on my bedroom shelf. My mum saw them and mentioned that they’d make great earrings. I had no idea how to make earrings, so my mum and I learnt how, and now I’ve got a great new hobby.
Speaker D: A while back I visited a friends house, and he showed me his huge collection of baseball cards. He started when he was a kid, and since then he had amassed hundreds. It was rather impressive, although I’m not really into sport. But I decided that collecting something would be a fun hobby. So I started collecting antique radios. They re rather hard to find, but I’ve picked up three so far, and I love them.
Speaker E: I’ve recently started a hobby that I learnt from my gran. I was thinking of taking up a hobby that wouldn’t be too expensive and she said to me, “I can teach yon how to make soap!” I thought, can that even be done? Don’t you need a factory to do that? But sure enough, she showed me how, and it’s actually quite simple. You can add whatever fragrances and colours you like.
Speaker F: I know there are several different kinds of hobbies that are easy to do and require hardly any tools or equipment. Actually, in order to do my hobby, I just need some very small pieces of wood. Which have all been perfectly carved. And then I need some glue. And a lot of patience. OK, it is rather involved, but I love making wooden aeroplanes, or old-fashioned battleships. It’s a lot of work, but it’s worth it.
Задание 9 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Using the Internet is a good way of studying English.
2. The Internet has all kinds of interesting forums.
3. The Internet helps with shopping.
4. The Internet is very useful for doing the speaker’s job.
5. The Internet helps to learn about different cultures.
6. The Internet can be dangerous for users.
7. The Internet gives quick access to the information you need.
A – 3
B – 5
C – 4
D – 6
E – 1
F – 7
Speaker A: Nowadays more and more companies show their products on the Internet. So, if there’s anything I need I can see where to get it and what it will cost without leaving home. I can also compare prices, which helps me to save money. Besides, I can buy the things I need online and they will be delivered to me which saves me a lot of time.
Speaker B: With the help of the Internet I can chat with different people from different countries, learn more and more about our world, different lifestyles and thinking. The Internet offers a place where we can communicate with each other. By exchanging ideas, learning other peoples’ customs and traditions, we get to know people from all over the world and how our life compares to other people’s lives in other countries.
Speaker С: I work all by myself doing translations. I find contacts on the web by publishing my advertisement on different Internet sites. Then I get texts from customers by e-mail, and return the completed translation to them. And when doing translations I use all kinds of on-line dictionaries. I also get paid through the Internet, so it saves me a lot of time.
Speaker D: There is a lot of information and things on the Internet. But many of them can hurt other people easily. The Internet has a risk of receiving spy programs or viruses, which can damage your computer. Moreover, you can meet bad people when chatting. According to crime statistics, there have been many people who suffered because of chatting to people they didn’t know.
Speaker E: I used to chat on the Internet because I wanted to improve my English. Then I started to write in forums because I think that there you can get to know very intelligent people and share your interests. From my research, I think the best way to learn English over the Internet is to chat online. You can also find some tests on the Internet and check your progress.
Speaker F: The Internet has a wide variety of information such as data, pictures, graphs, film or book reviews and suchlike. For example, instead of going to a library you can search the Internet at home and find information for a report, an essay or anything you need in no time. Also, the Internet has lots of news from all over the world, so it’s easy to find out what’s going on. So, it is very helpful for people of different age groups.
Задание 10 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The speaker feels unhappy about changes in her/his former classmates.
2. The speaker thinks that uniforms give students a tidier look.
3. The speaker is unhappy with his rich classmates’ attitude to expensive gifts.
4. The speaker says that his school building is inconvenient because of its size.
5. The speaker says that students prefer casual clothes to school uniform.
6. The speaker thinks it depends on the person what type of school is better for her/him.
7. The speaker thinks private school gives better opportunities to study different subjects.
A – 1
B – 6
C – 3
D – 7
E – 2
F – 4
Speaker A: All my friends from private school are snobbish now because they moved from the state school I go to. I don’t understand why everyone thinks private schools are better. I’m not saying I have anything against private schools, but it does make me a bit upset when I see all the people that used to go to state school acting snobbish because of a silly little thing like having more lessons in biology, physics and chemistry than I have in my school.
Speaker B: I hated my state school that I went to when I was younger. But don’t get me wrong, I have nothing against state schools in general. I know I was just unlucky. My brother and sister stayed at a state school right up until their final exams. They both got really good grades, which proves that private school education isn’t better for everyone. As for me, I found that people were friendlier in my private school, and I felt a lot happier. I know this is not always the case, because my brother and sister enjoyed going to the state school.
Speaker С: Well, I would like to say, I go to a private school and I was shocked at how much some people take for granted. One of my classmates got a plasma screen TV for her birthday and a laptop for Christmas, and she just spoke about them as if they were ordinary presents, nothing special. It’s not that there’s anything wrong with it, just sometimes if you have a lot of money, it is important to remember that you are lucky, because some families are so poor that they have no money to buy a TV-set in the sales.
Speaker D: A lot of people who go to my private school are not that rich at all. My parents just wanted the best education for me and this school was the right choice. Smaller classes are much better, I found this from my own experience. Here we do separate sciences and I think it allows people to understand which sciences they like and see which they are good at. You can also study physics, chemistry and biology in much more detail as well as languages, history and so on.
Speaker E: I go to private school, and we have to wear a uniform and I know why we have to have it. If the people in my school didn’t have to wear it then they would come to school in too short skirts or torn trousers. And you always get the people who can come into school and look almost like Halloween, with make up running down their faces and chains hanging off every place. Not the right things to wear to school I think. School uniform disciplines pupils and makes them look nice and clean.
Speaker F: I go to a busy city centre school, I think there are about 1100 pupils and about 120 teachers. The corridors are really narrow in some of the buildings and there are crowds of pupils running and pushing when the bell goes and everyone is there. One of the corridors is so narrow that we have a ‘one way system’. The school definitely needs broader corridors as well as larger classrooms.
Задание 11 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The speaker was glad when she/he was given more serious work to do.
2. The speaker learned nothing important at work.
3. The speaker did not want to take any responsibility.
4. The speaker didn’t mind doing a lot of things during work practice.
5. The speaker wants to do the same kind of work in the future.
6. The speaker has a different idea of the profession after completing the practice.
7. The speaker felt rather nervous before starting work.
A – 6
B – 4
C – 2
D – 7
E – 1
F – 5
Speaker A: For my work practice I worked at Middle School. Over the two weeks I watched the teachers and worked with the children. I interacted with the pupils and helped encourage them to learn during their lessons. Teaching and working with children was much harder than I expected it to be, it isn’t a simple job. A full classroom of children can be very hard to control, so I have total respect for teachers now.
Speaker B: For my work practice I worked at the City Hospital. I think it is good to get some work experience because we get to see what it is like to work somewhere. I had a lot of different jobs to do: I helped make beds, take people’s pulse and blood pressure, make tea or coffee for the patients in the ward, serve lunches at lunchtime and get people’s notes ready. I enjoyed talking to the patients, bringing a smile to their faces.
Speaker С: I worked at a big store. I really didn’t enjoy myself and I think it was really a waste of time. During the day I worked from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. putting products on shelves. I got a morning break, a lunch hour and an afternoon break which was very good! Some of the time I was able to work on the customer help desk in the store. I wasn’t given much responsibility and wasn’t taught anything new during the day.
Speaker D: Now I am working in a department store and I like it but I clearly remember my first impressions. They were like OH MY GOD look how long I have to work and OH MY GOD I have to wear a horrible looking uniform! I was really afraid to call the store to arrange my first visit. But after I had spoken to the manager and she had answered all my questions some of my fears were gone.
Speaker E: I worked at a graphics company. During my two weeks I basically did nothing except helping the staff to deliver things and collect equipment. The worst part of my work experience was at the beginning when I didn’t have a lot to do. I was sitting watching people work, but as the days went on, I was given more responsibility. I really enjoyed my time at work practice and found it really interesting.
Speaker F: I worked with children, helping out in Physical Education classes during the day and attending clubs and matches after school. The children were aged between 9 and 13. My best moment was helping children to play cricket. I really enjoy sport and enjoy the interaction with others. So working with children or something to do with sports is what I would like to do when I become an adult.
Задание 12 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. When reading these books, the speaker sees the world in an unusual way.
2. Thanks to these books, the speaker started to enjoy reading.
3. These books made the speaker feel better when she was away from home.
4. Thanks to these books, the speaker found many new friends.
5. These books helped the speaker during a difficult period of study.
6. The things said by some of the characters help speaker in difficult situations.
7. These books showed the speaker that friends are very important.
A – 3
B – 7
C – 6
D – 1
E – 2
F – 5
Speaker A: I’ve always read books for comfort, and when I was in London, as a participant of an exchange programme, scared and lost, so far from my family and friends, I simply found a book store and bought the first two Harry Potter books there. I read them both in one night and then over and over again. It wasn’t just comfort, it was like I found a good friend in a place where I had none, and I certainly became braver.
Speaker B: Harry Potter books have influenced me greatly. They helped me to understand that honesty, friendship and love are all we need. Now I look at the future in a more positive way than I had done before reading these books which speak about friendship. Harry Potter is never alone. When he does something difficult or frightening, his friends are always around and they give him all the help he needs.
Speaker С: The best thing Harry Potter books have given me is a philosophy for life. I found it in the words of Harry himself, his friends and other people around him. When I face problems, I remember some phrases from the books and I keep on fighting. I don’t give up, because Harry never does. I’ve known before, that theoretically there is no such a thing as a hopeless situation, but now I truly believe it.
Speaker D: I’ve always liked reading. And I love the fact that Harry Potter books have given me my own private magical world. When I read Harry Potter, I feel so glad that I have a wonderful secret that no one else knows. I get the feeling that the books put everything around me into a different, magical light, and the world of Harry Potter comes into mine, making ordinary things and people look strange.
Speaker E: Before I read Harry Potter books, and became interested in them, I didn’t read too much. I just didn’t understand what books could do. But after reading Harry Potter, I felt that I was in his world, an I thought, well, maybe other books can do that too. Now I just love reading, and the pleasure that I get from reading has become possible only because of that first Harry Potter book.
Speaker F: Harry Potter books have helped me in many ways. For example, last year I had to take my final exams and I was under a lot of stress because of that. Harry Potter characters also have a lot of exams and when I felt especially stressed and worried, I read those passages from the books and felt a little better, as if I was sharing my problems with friends. And the funny moments in the books cheered me up.
Задание 13 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Writing Valentines has a very long history.
2. It’s another time to spend money.
3. Valentines make a big business.
4. There’s always something against the Day.
5. It’s a traditional Valentine’s Day present and no one should spare money for it.
6. Its traditions tend to fade.
7. Even journalists need information about Valentine’s Day.
A – 2
B – 5
C – 1
D – 3
E – 4
F – 7
Speaker A: Can you imagine it – the average American spends more than $100 on Valentine’s Day! And men spend almost twice as much on Valentine’s Day as women do. A survey I read shows that more than one-third of men would prefer not receiving a gift. At the same time just less than 20 percent of women feel the same way. The reason for this is partly that the holiday seems just too expensive.
Speaker B: As far as I know on Valentine’s Day no one saves money on flowers. No wonder flowers may cost up to 30 percent more that day! Some people even buy and send flowers to themselves on Valentine’s Day. The most popular flower is still the rose followed by lilies and violets. The colours of flowers are very important as they speak about your feelings and emotions, but many people just don’t pay attention to that and buy whatever they find nice and suitable.
Speaker С: I was surprised to learn that Valentine cards have a very long history. Some scientists believe that the tradition was probably started by Charles, Duke of Orleans because the oldest surviving valentine dates back to him, to the year of 1415. It was a beautiful poem written by the Duke to his wife. However, some historians trace the roots of the holiday back to the Roman times and their pagan celebrations or early medieval times.
Speaker D: Do you know, that one billion valentine cards are sent each year worldwide, making it the second largest card-sending holiday of the year behind Christmas? I’ve heard Hallmark, a big card producer, even employs research staff to analyze the sales pattern of previous valentines. They analyze customer interviews and instore observations to find out which cards’ve been a sell-out this or that year and which age group chooses which type of cards and which is the best poem on the card and so on.
Speaker E: BBC reports that India has spoken out against Valentine’s Day calling it “an attack on local culture for commercial purposes”. So I guess they do take it seriously and there’re people not in favor of this holiday. The Catholic Church, for instance, struck St. Valentine’s Day from its official calendar in 1969. There even have been times when Valentine’s Day was close to being forbidden.
Speaker F: The University of Maryland has a team of academic experts educating the media about Valentine’s Day no matter what angle they wish to cover. There I’ve read that many people choose Valentine’s Day for getting married. Can you imagine? The list of celebrities who’ve done it includes Elton John and Meg Ryan. And quite a lot of famous people have been bom on that day!
Задание 14 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Letter writing is a waste of time.
2. It is a waste of time making your views known.
3. Sometimes it is a mistake to write a letter.
4. Seven together will be better than one.
5. For some people, old habits never die.
6. Writing letters in English is good practice.
7. Persistence eventually gives some results.
A – 4
B – 7
C – 5
D – 6
E – 2
F – 3
Speaker A: I have 6 pen pals in 6 countries! We are not really “pen” pals, as such, since we communicate via an internet site. We “chat” regularly about all our news but we are now involved in writing a novel. Each of us in turn adds 200 fresh words for the next to follow on from. We have no idea how the story will finish but we are having lots of fun developing the story and believe we are creating a bestseller!
Speaker B: I write to film stars, pop singers, TV celebrities and even royalty! The letters are basically the same explaining that I collect letters as a hobby. Very often I don’t even have a correct address but a surprising number of my letters are delivered and some get a reply. Usually they are printed fan mail responses but very occasionally (1 in a 100) I get a real hand written reply. My most treasured is from J.K. Rowling.
Speaker С: After birthdays and Christmas, I always write thank you letters for any gifts I have received. What I didn’t realise was that every letter I sent to my Granny, since my very first attempts at making letters, had been marked and graded! My Granny is a retired English teacher. It turns out that every letter she gets she checks for bad grammar and spelling mistakes, marks them in red ink and gives them a grade!
Speaker D: I have a pen pal, Katya, who lives in the Siberian city of Novosibirsk. We go for old fashioned “snail mail” because somehow it is more exciting receiving a letter than an email. It is more personal holding and reading some pages over which my friend has worked so hard. And it is hard for her — but she is determined to conquer English and her letters get more fluent and accurate every time.
Speaker E: I wrote to the Prime Minister because I feel that the government should be doing more to combat global warming. I got a reply (probably from a secretary rather than the PM) thanking me for my letter. It said that the government agreed with me and “well done” for taking an interest. But I felt politely ignored. Perhaps it was stupid to believe that the words of a 16 year old girl would ever be taken seriously.
Speaker F: I got a “goodbye” letter from my girlfriend. She said that she was writing so she could choose exactly the right words. She wanted me to understand that she liked me as a friend but it wasn’t a good time for her with exams coming up. We should, she said, move on. But I thought she should have met me. I would have preferred to talk about it, agreed together and split up amicably.
Задание 15 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The speaker prefers not to be alone.
2. The speaker has special plan for preparation.
3. The speaker never learns unknown material.
4. The speaker writes the notes for exam.
5. The speaker prefers studying at late time.
6. The speaker memorises the materials after pronouncing them.
7. The speaker usually feels hungry.
A – 5
B – 6
C – 1
D – 7
E – 2
F – 3
Speaker A: I only study for half an hour at a time. I often have a break so I don’t get tired. Sometimes I lie down; sometimes I sit in an armchair or sit at a table. I stop for ten minutes to relax my brain. The best time for me to study is between noon and 11 p.m. Learning at this time is more exciting and useful. The day before an exam I stop learning at 5 p.m. Then I watch TV and try not to think about the exam. I go to bed early and have at least nine hours’ sleep. It’s enough to feed my brain.
Speaker B: I don’t study regularly and leave a lot to study at the end of the term. I usually lie on my bed or walk up and down my room. After reading an article, I repeat it aloud; it helps me to keep information in my memory. I must be alone and I prefer listening to the radio because I need to hear some noise in the background. I can’t study for more than two hours.
Speaker С: I don’t usually study much during the school year. I’m rather lazy student and I study hard only about one week before the exams. I wake up at about 9 a.m., have breakfast, have a shower and start studying. I usually sit on a sofa and read my materials. The best way to study is with someone you know, for example, with a classmate. We can test each other and explain something what one of us knows better.
Speaker D: When I study for an exam, I need to be alone in my room. I often listen to music when I study but the music is quiet — it’s just in the background. I read the text again and again and after a few minutes I tell myself what I can remember. I can memorise for a maximum of two hours then I should have a break and snake something. I eat a lot before exams because I’m nervous. I can’t overcome my habit.
Speaker E: When I know the dates of my exams, I make a study timetable and put it up on my wall at home. It helps me to concentrate and organize myself.Then started: this is the most difficult part. I use all my time. If I arrive home from school half before dinner, I use that time for study. In a week I’ll do two and half hours then I can have an evening free for relaxation.
Speaker F: It doesn’t matter how you study before, the most important for me is the day of my exam. I look through all my exam papers and try to answer the questions. I don’t try to learn anything new the night before an exam. I make sure that I have everything I need for the exams: pens, pencils and etc. On the exam day I have a good breakfast and walk to school. I concentrate and stay calm, only this way I can show what I know.
Задание 16 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The speaker made the conclusion of useless behavior.
2. The speaker buys only cheap things.
3. The speaker thinks it’s good to treat oneself.
4. The speaker is very practical person.
5. The speaker had to change the attitude under circumstances.
6. The speaker spends all the money.
7. The speaker understands the necessity of only useful things.
A – 7
B – 4
C – 5
D – 2
E – 1
F – 3
Speaker A: A lot of people confuse what they need with what they want. They think they really must have that bigger house, the latest mobile phone, a designer top or some luxury food. To me the difference between wants and needs is clear. We all only really need somewhere to live, food and water, basic health and hygiene products, and clothes for different situations. All the other stuff is really just what we want — things that make us feel better for a time. My advice is just to ask ‘Do I really need this?’ and if the answer’s ‘yes’, then, of course, I’ll go ahead and buy it.
Speaker B: I always try to keep balance in my earnings and my spending. I usually know quite well what I need to buy. Once a week I write a shopping list and always follow it. It helps me not to do useless purchases. It may sound a bit dull to people who love shopping but it means I don’t have any credit card debts to pay and my apartment isn’t full of great amount of things. It’s all a question of balance but we also have to be realistic and not to turn into scrooge person.
Speaker С: I used to be a complete shopaholic. All my spare time was taken up with trips to shopping malls, buying and selling on eBay and browsing my favourite internet sites. I remember in one weekend I bought six pairs of trousers, eight shirts, around 20 CDs and a new mobile phone. Anyway, by the time I was twenty I had debts of around £20 000 — a thousand pounds for every year of my life. Then losing my job was the reality check I needed. I couldn’t pay any of the bills. It was so scary. Now I realize I didn’t really need all that stuff and I’m slowly paying off what I owe.
Speaker D: I don’t really plan my spending, even when I go shopping. I just look around and spot what’s on special offer. I always go for the ‘buy one, get one free’ and ‘three for two’ deals in the supermarket. I sometimes end up with loads of bottles of shampoo but I guess it’s always useful. The high street is full of great value shops nowadays. I usually pop in to one or two of them on my way home from work. They are full of cheap clothes and accessories and they always have a sale rail of cut-price stuff. I’ll usually pick up one or two things each week.
Speaker E: I used to be a dream customer. If I saw something I liked, I would always buy it. It didn’t matter if it was in a shop window, in a magazine or catalogue, on a website, or even in an auction. ‘See it, want it, buy it’ used to be my motto. I have a good salary and so money has never been a problem, and I’ve never been very much in debt. Then I saw a TV programme on impulse buyers like me and they came across really badly — just like spoilt children. I decided there and then I had to stop being so self-indulgent.
Speaker F: I love all shopping opportunities. Not because I’m shopaholic but because I earn a living by getting people to buy things. It’s my job to make people aware of the benefits of different brands so that they sell well. Nowadays there’s a lot of talk about people being addicted to shopping and buying stuff they don’t need. But what would happen if we only bought the basics in life? Our economy would suffer, workers in the developing world lose their jobs, and life would be very dull. I’m not saying that people should get into serious debt but to have what you want makes life fun.
Задание 17 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Business was the following of traditions.
2. Business was the result of previous work.
3. Business was the present of fortune.
4. Business was started as a necessity.
5. Business was the escape from former life.
6. Business was like a hobby.
7. Business was the realization of ambitions.
A – 4
B – 5
C – 1
D – 6
E – 2
F – 7
Speaker A: Most people think that you go into business to make a fortune but for us it just wasn’t like that. Don’t get me wrong, it’s good to make money but that wasn’t our main motivation. It all started fifteen years ago when I came back to the UK with my Spanish husband after living in Seville for a few years. I found that I really missed food but getting Spanish ingredients was surprisingly hard, especially outside London. After networking online with Spanish people living in the UK, I did some market research on the availability of Spanish food over here. I found that you couldn’t get it. We’ve just designed our rudimentary website, and things are going from strength to strength.
Speaker B: Some people thought I was mad when I left my job. I’d worked my way up from junior designer to creative in a well-known advertising company and I suppose you could say I’d been very successful. But the higher I moved up the company, more stressful it became. And I suddenly realized that I didn’t want to be a director any more but a designer. So, after persuading my wife this was the right thing to do, I resigned from my job and set up my own design agency — just me and two other talented youngsters. Sure, I don’t earn half as much as I used to but I really enjoy working for myself.
Speaker С: I had always sworn that I would never do it. I come from a long line of farmers but I was completely adamant about working in a different sector. My greatgrandparents bought and developed the land in the 1920-s and it’s been passed down across the generations. I ran off to college as soon as I could. Then things started to get very tough for farmers. I saw my parents’ age from the work and responsibility and I felt bad about leaving them alone, moved back to the old farmhouse and I’ve taken on some of the behind-the-scenes work. I’ll never be a country girl at heart but, you know what they say, blood’s thicker
Speaker D: I suppose you could say I fell into business. I didn’t do particularly well at school and so ended up doing nine-to-five or just temporary work. It wasn’t very stimulating but I didn’t mind too much because I never had to work late or give up my weekends. I’d always been interested in fashion and was pretty good at designing and making my own clothes. Then my friends started asking me to make things for them. I did this as a favour or gave them away as presents. One of my friends offered to help me set up a small business. It turned out he ran an enterprise scheme for young clothes designers. He helped me
find a workshop, get fund for equipment and materials, and now the orders are rolling in.
Speaker E: I never expected to have a career in business, let alone be running my own company. It all started when I was teaching English as a foreign in Berlin. A friend of friend asked me to do some one to one classes with a businesswoman who wanted help with presentation skills. She had such a busy schedule that we met at very odd hours of the day -5.30 in the morning before she went to work or late in the evening when she’d finished. I ended up getting quite a cando attitude because I was willing to give classes anytime and anywhere, within reason. Word spread and then a few colleagues and I went freelance and set up
a network of tutors.
Speaker F: How many of us thought that I just quit my day job and set up a business on my own. For most of us it remains a dream but for me a dream came true. But the road to business hasn’t been easy. Three years ago I was made redundant from a construction company where I had worked for eight years. I felt completely let down and useless. I used to go on long bike rides. Then the idea came to me — what cyclists need is well-designed, easy-to-wear tops and shorts. Now I sell the range through the website and selected stores around the country.
Задание 18 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
The speaker disagrees with the statements:
1. more TV channels means more variety and better programmes
2. TV companies shouldn’t interrupt films with commercials
3. the media can make mediocre people famous
4. TV should show less football and more minority sports
5. TV is better than the independent channels
6. TV, radio and the Internet have made newspapers irrelevant
7. we shouldn’t blame TV for children’s bad behaviour
A – 4
B – 7
C – 1
D – 6
E – 3
F – 2
Speaker A: I think it’s what people want, isn’t it? I mean, if nobody watched the matches, TV companies wouldn’t show them. And you can see other sports like skiing and volleyball on the satellite channels. I personally think there should be more, not less. If some housewives don’t like it they can turn the channel. A lot of people haven’t got opportunity to go to live football matches and the only chance to do it at home and relax on your own sofa. I’d be happy to watch a match every night.
Speaker B: I’d say the problem is parents, not TV. People are always complaining that children don’t read enough today and more violent than they used to be but I don’t think it’s the TV’s fault. All you have to do is switch it off. The real problem is that parents use TV as a kind of babysitter because they’re too tired to play with their kids and then blame everything and everyone in it.
Speaker С: It depends, I mean, it’s true you can watch TV in different languages now so I suppose that gives you choice — if you can speak the language that is. You have the possibility to train foreign language or listen your native one if you far away from your country. But the programmes themselves are really all the same. Quiz shows, old films, things like that. So they’re not really more varied, it’s just that there’s more of them.
Speaker D: Well, I watch the news on TV and I sometimes get sports results on the Internet. But I still get a newspaper every day as I’m used to do all my life having my morning tea or on the train on my way to work. I mean, it’s not just news, it’s also opinions. While you’re reading a report, you don’t only get to know some news but you also find the comment of some people. Anyway I like to buy a paper and read it. The smell of fresh press cheer me up in the morning, it’s like a part of national tradition.
Speaker E: I absolutely hate these programmes where they talk in great detail about people who are only on TV because they’re married to or going out with someone famous, or are the son or daughter of someone who’s famous. And most of these people are either completely uninteresting or completely stupid but because of TV they become celebrities. I think they sometimes pay for their adverts in order people don’t forget them.
Speaker F: Well, I know a lot of people think that but personally I don’t. Maybe, only when I’m watching tragic and serious film, in all other cases absolutely no. Partly because I think the breaks give you a chance to go and make a cup of coffee or go to toilet or whatever, and partly because nowadays the commercials are often better than the actual films. Sometimes we learn about some new goods and it might be useful later.
Задание 19 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The speaker wants to have own TV set.
2. The speaker’s sorry about people’s unwillingness of getting art.
3. The speaker considers the art of entertainment is dying.
4. The speaker doesn’t like screen version.
5. The speaker hasn’t enough time for favourite occupation.
6. The speaker thinks it’s better to associate.
7. The speaker is disappointed at the absence of teens’ entertainment.
A – 4
B – 6
C – 5
D – 7
E – 1
F – 2
Speaker A: It wasn’t as good as I’d expected. I thought it was the best film I’ve seen in ages. But I can’t say that I couldn’t take my eyes off the screen. Yeah, it was gripping but they’d missed out loads of details. You see, I’ve read the book several times — it’s one of my favourites — but they just didn’t stick to the plot. Some of the most important parts of the story were just jumped over. I wish they wouldn’t do that. And they even made the main character less complicated than she was in the book. I just think that they should be true to the original story.
Speaker B: There’s so much more variety nowadays. When I was younger, people used to go out and have fun — to the cinema, theatre or to a concert. Now technology has changed everything, so it’s all at your fingertips at home. People can listen to music, watch a DVD, even watch the cup final live, all the comfort of their own home. It’s convenient but people don’t socialize like they used to. I think that’s a great shame. Even people in the same family don’t share or enjoy entertainment together.
Speaker С: I used to be a really keen theatre-goer. Now I can’t do it as much as I’d like to. The reason isn’t because of high prices. The thing is I spend every spare moment on my course. It’s really hard-working full-time and studying for my masters. At times, life gets pretty dull and I think about giving it up but it’s the last year now so I ought to keep going. I’m just looking forward to when I can get my life back.
Speaker D: I suppose it’s not bad here, considering it’s only quite a small town. We’ve got the usual things — a multi-screen cinema, a couple of clubs, pubs and restaurants and a small local museum. But if you want to see a top band, opera or even a play you need fo go into one of the bigger cities nearby. It’s the teenagers I feel sorry for. I mean, there really isn’t much for them to do. And then when they get to 18, it’s hardly surprising they spend the whole weekend in the pub.
Speaker E: My Mum doesn’t want to get on my case. She always forbids me to watch what I want. Every day she tells to turn that TV off. I must be the only kid in my class without a TV in his room. It’s just not fair. If she bought me my own TV, I could watch it when I wanted. But my Mum thinks I already watch far too much and I hardly ever do anything else. She wants me to play the guitar which my parents have bought.
Speaker F: It really annoys me when people complain about the local art scene. Just last month our town put on an exhibition and sale of local artists and craftspeople. Lots of people put forward their work — painters, photographers, weavers and furniture makers — and it was well promoted in the local paper and online. And what happened? There were hardly any visitors. It was awful. We had two or three people an hour. It was just such a disappointment. What was the point of all those artists being there?
Задание 20 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. This invention entertains me.
2. This invention guarantees contact.
3. This invention helps my memory.
4. This invention provides an escape.
5. This invention has removed a pressure.
6. This invention is always with me.
7. This invention saves my time.
A – 7
B – 6
C – 5
D – 4
E – 2
F – 3
Speaker A: You want to know what I think about different inventions? Well, we have lots of useful things and I can’t imagine my life without TV, a mobile or the Internet and the list goes on and on. But what I value most of all is the microwave oven. It is used in my home more that an iron, a toaster or a blender. Who would have thought 25 years ago that the microwave would become so essential? Not only does it help me spend less time in the kitchen but decreases the number of unwanted dirty dishes, too. I think it’s very important.
Speaker B: I used to think television was the most brilliant invention because you could sit in an armchair and have a window on the world. But in the last couple of years I’ve changed my mind. For me now the best thing ever is the mobile phone. I mean they used to be so heavy and not that attractive to carry around. But now they’re tiny and light — I never go anywhere without mine. And you can buy personalised covers and even change the covers to match what you’re wearing. Some of my friends are so cool — they dye their hair to match their phones and their watch straps as well. I mean how amazing is that?!
Speaker С: There are so many things that I think I couldn’t live without. My mum moans at me because I can’t be bothered to cook. But I mean who needs to cook when there are so many takeaway places. Nor can I imagine life without radio and TV but if there’s one thing that’s made a big difference to my life, it’s the cash machine. I can relax about getting money and not rush around trying to get to a bank before it closes. I was always running out of cash but now at any time of day or night I can turn up at a hole in the wall, put my card in and magic — there’s money! No hassle.
Speaker D: I know there are all sorts of wonderful inventions and it’s easy to take everything for granted. Like electricity — life as we know it would be impossible without it, I mean we depend on it for almost everything. But for me personally it’s the car which I think has massively changed people’s lives. I know that holidays in space are more or less a reality now; and you can reach any part of the world by plane. But it’s the ease of the car, the fact that it offers you such freedom. Like you wake up in the morning and think where would I like to go today? And you just do it!
Speaker E: I think some inventions are such fun. All these computer games, I really love them. And the fact that they’re hand-held is great. They help me relax when I’m feeling stressed and take my mind off whatever’s worrying me, although I suppose I could live without them if I had to. But there’s no way I could live without my e-mail. When we all left school last year, I made sure I had everyone’s e-mail address and that means we all keep in touch and get to meet up with each other. And if we can’t meet, then at least we know each other’s news and what we’re all doing.
Speaker F: I hate being without my electric toothbrush but I know that’s silly because most people use an ordinary toothbrush and never think twice about it. But there is one invention which has really saved my life and that’s my electronic diary. My girlfriend bought me one because she got so fed up with me forgetting arrangements. I’ve no excuse now for forgetting anything, even her birthday is programmed into it! They used to be dead expensive but now they’ve come down in price and I use mine all the time.
Задание 21 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
Which speaker says that…
1. he/she can choose a place and time to work
2. his/her new job makes him /her feel happy
3. he/she works at a hospital
4. his/her work will help him/her to live long
5. it’s difficult to work without inspiration
6. his/her work deals with education
7. he/she estimates the expenditures for various projects
A – 1
B – 7
C – 4
D – 2
E – 3
F – 5
Speaker A: I’m a writer. I write articles for newspapers and magazines, uhm…film reviews, you know, uhm, and occasionally some fiction, poems and short stories. It’s very nice to work at home, of course, and, and have the choice of when to work. But I work long hours at home, usually ten hours or more a day, and it’s very lonely sometimes, sitting in front of a computer. At the moment I’m actually doing something very different from my usual work. I’m writing a biography of Leonard Benson, the jazz musician.
Speaker B: I work in the estimating department which means I have to work out exactly how much a job will cost. The way it works is like this. A company or more probably a country, wants, say, an airport or a bridge or a hospital. They employ a consultant engineer to design it. Then someone has to build it, and this is what our company is, a builder. I inspect the documents, examine the site where the building is to be, and name the price. If our price is the most attractive, and usually this means the lowest, we get the contract.
Speaker С: I like getting up early in the morning. If I live to be 80, I’ll say it’s because of the fresh air and getting up early, and doing physical work. This means a lot to me because I’ve always been an active type of person and an early bird. I used to help the milkman when I was at school. Another good thing, of course, is that I finish early. It’s nice to look at other people going to work with their briefcases and things, and think, ‘Well, I’ve done over half my work, I’ll be finished at lunch time’.
Speaker D: I never liked it — hated it in fact — stuck in an office all day with computers and a telephone. But when I lost my last job, my hobby became my full-time job. Now I start work very early, er… in summer I usually leave home about 5.30 in the morning but in winter not until about 8.00.1 have a small van, and I carry all my tools and equipment in that. It’s autumn now so I’m tidying the garden. Every season is so different and I love them all. I just love working outside in the open air after all those years in a stuffy office
Speaker E: I think my job is one of the most rewarding though it may seem difficult and non prestigious to somebody. I take care of sick and injured people, give them medicine and treat wounds. Very often I am expected to give emotional support to my patients and their families. Of course, sometimes my work can be stressful. I often have to help many patients at once. Besides I spend a lot of time walking and standing. I also need to be careful in order to stay safe because sometimes I care for people who have diseases that I can catch.
Speaker F: For an amateur musician, playing an instrument or singing in a choir can be the highlight of the week. Being a professional musician, however, often involves practicing even when we have no desire to do so or writing music when we are completely out of ideas. I have no doubts that those who choose composing as a profession do it out of love but surviving in the profession can be extremely taxing, particularly when confronted with deadlines.
Задание 22 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
Which speaker says …
1. that if you don’t understand modern art you should learn more about it.
2. that this exhibition differs very much from conventional ones.
3. when and where most of exhibits were created.
4. that tickets are quite expensive.
5. that it is not an easy thing to make an installation.
6. that the exhibition contains an impressive mixture of various technologies.
7. that you can take part in some kinds of creative activity.
A – 1
B – 2
C – 7
D – 6
E – 5
F – 3
Speaker A: Faced with modern art, have you ever felt embarrassing confusion?Well, you won’t be confused any longer because the Moscow Museum of Modern Art is holding an educational exhibition called ‘If I Only Knew’ — essentially an ABC in understanding modern art. ‘If I Only Knew’ is an interactive project. You will be given a map at the entrance, and if you follow it carefully and do all the tasks — like in a quest game — you are supposed to reach an understanding of modern art basics and especially of what is called «contemporary» art.
Speaker B: ‘If I Only Knew’ is an interactive project, which is quite unusual in such a conservative place as a museum in Russia. Usually you are not supposed to touch anything or to talk in a loud voice, and please watch the kids in case they try to play in such a sacred place. In this exhibition you don’t have to follow such rules — in fact, you are encouraged to play, to touch the objects and to bring noisy kids with you. But you have to follow at least one rule — follow the set route.
Speaker С: There are five workshop rooms, where you can practice everything you have just learned in the exhibition halls: colour a picture, take a photo, make an installation and solve the enigma of Malevich’s ‘Black Square’. The Black Square Hall is the beginning of the exposition and the Lectorium is the last, which is supposed to symbolise that if you are not now a professor, then at least you are quite an advanced amateur in modern art.
Speaker D: There are also such parts as Tradition (remember your school days: without knowing the classics, you, of course, cannot judge the newest pieces), and the Event hall, which teaches the difference between such things as a performance, an art happening and an art-action. The exhibition incorporates 3D pictures, iPads and video installations, and the curators were excited to have used some cool new technologies along with artworks from the mid-20th century.
Speaker E: At first, the exhibition was planned for kids in order to teach them the basis of modern art but then it was being made, it turned into one for all ages. The important part of the exhibition is playing but it also wants visitors to get the feeling of responsibility each artist has in front of the public. You can’t just put down a candy wrapper and say you’ve made an installation; you have to put your views and thoughts into the piece you are making.
Speaker F: Each of the rooms is dedicated to a single significant phenomenon, concept, approach or problem of contemporary art. The core of the project is works from the collection of the Moscow Museum of Modern Art; however, pieces from other holdings will be added, too. Mainly the exhibits were produced in recent years but some key concepts are exemplified with works of the second half of the 20th century, also from the Museum collection.
Задание 23 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
Which speaker says that it is …
1. a matter of taste
2. a matter of interaction
3. a matter of fantasy
4. a matter of history
5. a matter of health
6. a matter of justice
7. a matter of language
A – 7
B – 6
C – 3
D – 2
E – 1
F – 4
Speaker A: As awkward as it can be to express yourself when someone you know has suffered a loss or run into trouble of some kind, in English we have things relatively easy in comparison with Russian. The phrase ‘I’m so sorry’ can cover everything from stepping on someone’s foot by accident in the metro to consoling your friend over a bad break-up (with alterations in intonation, of course). But in Russian the same phrase would work in the first instance only. It would be entirely inappropriate for expressing condolence.
Speaker B: The latest movie True Grit tells the story of one-eyed US Marshal Reuben hired by 14-year-old Mattie Ross to find the killer of her father. In the search for the killer the girl and the marshal travel from Arkansas to Indian territory. Meanwhile a Texas ranger is also after the killer, and catching the criminal would bring him a generous reward. But Mattie insists that the killer should be taken to Arkansas to be executed there.
Speaker С: As Valentine’s Day approaches help could be at hand for a last minute attempt to produce something special for a loved one. A growing band of companies is offering an assortment of exciting, unusual gift experiences. With the support of top pilots and $20 000 you can jet into the highest reaches of Earth’s atmosphere in a supersonic jet. It’s not always easy, though, to meet all the demands. One man asked most earnestly for a ticket to the moon.
Speaker D: Last summer’s smoke and flames have prompted the Emergencies’ Ministry to post an online satellite map to chart the progress of forest fires and promote public safety in the coming summer — but experts say that coordination is a bigger issue. The regularly updated map, posted on the ministry’s website, has the potential to damp the flames of public discontent. Nevertheless, battlehardened volunteers suspect that the lack of coordination which caused last year’s troubles could still be a problem.
Speaker E: Despite the slow speed of construction following the crisis, glass houses are beginning to appear. Moscow is still grasped by ‘capitalist constructivism’, and it’s hard to change society’s perception of glass buildings and make them match neighbouring buildings. These modern constructions tend to be more popular with up-and-coming young people, who are more daring in contemporary design. Older and more conservative people won’t choose dwellings with panoramic glazing — they feel unprotected in it.
Speaker F: The delightful old town of Zaraisk, just 130 kilometres south of Moscow, makes an interesting day trip from the capital. According to legend, the town’s name comes from the suicide in 1237 by Duchess Eupraxia. Rather than be taken as a slave by the leader of the approaching Tartar horde, she threw herself and her baby son from the tallest tower in the battlements, and gave the town its name after the ancient Russian word «zaraz», which meant «to kill» or «strike one to death».
Задание 24 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. This place might be dangerous for your pet.
2. You can leave your pet at this place for a while.
3. You can make your pet prettier here.
4. You can buy a pet here.
5. You can get your pet fed at this place.
6. You can get your pet treated here.
7. You can take your pet for a walk here.
A – 2
B – 3
C – 5
D – 6
E – 7
F – 4
Speaker A: Little dogs such as Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers that don’t need walking get a six-square-metre room. For bigger dogs needing daily walks the rooms are more spacious. There is a discount if you leave your own food for the animal. The minimum stay is seven days. In peak summer season it is advisable to book in advance as demand for the service is increasing.
Speaker B: Very important pets now have beauty salons, and many of them offer better service than those for people. The dog’s salon Richi offers grooming for various breeds and size. Washing and drying small dogs runs from 20 to 50 dollars. Cleaning teeth, ears, eyes and claws will hit your wallet for a further 5—10 dollars. The longer hair your pet has the more money you will have to pay for haircuts. Other cleaning services are the same price as those for little dogs.
Speaker С: The Groom Room was recently opened especially for pets. The four-footed feeders will be served beef tar-tar with carrots and asparagus, carpaccio from chicken breast, turkey meatballs, meat salad, Napoleon dog’s cake and other pet delicacies. The price of a dog’s dinner depends on the breed of the dog and its size. Not to be forgotten the cafe also offers lunch for animal owners shaped into dog and cat faces.
Speaker D: The American Animal Hospital Association offers 24-hour emergency service so you can have a peace of mind that we are always here for your pets in case of emergency. We voluntarily have our hospital evaluated by professionals who ensure we comply with the association’s high veterinary care standards. This is our way of ensuring that our client’s pets receive the best care we can offer.
Speaker E: There’s nothing more joyful than playing and getting exercise with your dog. Well, there is a place where your dog can have his freedom to roam around and meet other dogs as well. It is called Dog Beach. It is located in Northern Ocean Beach. Dog Beach is the original dog beach and one of the most popular places to take your dog. The whole island is leash-free. Of course, you need to remember to clean up after your dog.
Speaker F: Pets Market is the largest independent pet supplies store in the West Coast of Scotland. Your pet is important for you whether your pet is a cat, dog, fish, hamster, snake, spider, ferret or any other animal. Pets Market has all the information that you need for your pet. Pet rabbits and pet hamsters information is provided as well as about feeding pet birds and caring for freshwater aquariums. Our prices are reasonable and notable for their diversity.
Задание 25 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Inspired by a fairy-tale.
2. Inspired by computer technologies.
3. Inspired by winter.
4. Inspired by misunderstanding.
5. Inspired by upset events.
6. Inspired by autumn colours.
7. Inspired by voices of nature.
A – 1
B – 5
C – 4
D – 2
E – 3
F – 7
Speaker A: The newly opened R.I.Ts. Karlson restaurant is aptly located on the top floor of a business centre. Occupying the top floor, it enjoys great views of the city, and the light, airy lay-out will really come into its own once the weather picks up. The waiting staff are wearing an easily recognizable elements of Karlson’s costume to keep the theme alive. A childlike imagination is applied to the food. Mashed potato, for example, comes in chimneys of pastry evoking that rooftop theme.
Speaker B: If you are interested in listening to or watching the news, you will know how much of daily news is … bad news. Murders, fires, natural disasters — you name it! But now there is a place where you can read only good news! Byron Reese from America was so fed up hearing bad news that he has founded a news website which only has good news. The website is called simply HappyNews.com. Check out it for yourself by going to www.happynews.com!
Speaker С: A British schoolgirl has written a guide to teenage slang after her parents complained they couldn’t understand her. She hopes the book clears up confusion. Some parents don’t understand their teenage children. More words come up every day and a lot are very creative. Her guide includes 300 teen words such as cotch down (sleep) or rago (OK). It also includes her three golden teen talk rules: never make eye contact when talking to a parent, always mumble inaudibly and try to include like in every sentence.
Speaker D: In a city that hosts many public events buying tickets for the evening’s entertainment can be quite a headache. Box office employees don’t always speak foreign languages, which can make the purchase a difficult task for newcomers to the city. Ordering tickets from websites often proves the easiest way to get seats at the theatre but there is likely to be a service charge to cover courier delivery. Most booking sites have a calendar which allows for a quick scan of possible events to book.
Speaker E: The Festival of Snow and Ice is the perfect place to go for a stroll if you have good boots and bundle up well. Some of the best ice sculptors came together to create more than 100 fantastic sculptures from more than 3 000 tonnes of snow and ice. In the Ice Age half characters from the popular movie keep kids entertained, and there’s also an ice aquarium with colourful plastic fish. The other half, Camelot, includes the sculptures of medieval-themed creatures such as dragons and are more ornate and intricate.
Speaker F: She is a unique artist in many ways. She revives ancient vocal techniques and derives inspiration from shamanism, mixing those with urban poetry. Steppes taught her to pray to the sky. Pine forests taught her to listen to the animals. Seas and rivers taught her meditative depth in singing. Before plunging into the underground art, she graduated the psychology department of the university and for many years worked in a hospital.
Задание 26 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Don’t be idle on holiday.
2. Beach holidays are extremely boring.
3. A chance to discover more about oneself.
4. New places are the best places to go to.
5. Holidays are perfect for hobbies and pastimes.
6. Restful holidays involve family and friends.
7. Extreme sports can ruin your holiday.
A – 6
B – 4
C – 3
D – 2
E – 5
F – 7
Speaker A: I am exhausted. I need a holiday. I have spent hours at computer terminal — sometimes late in the evenings, at weekend or on public holidays. I deserve a rest and I can afford to go anywhere for two or three weeks. But I am going to my home village and my childhood. My parents, family and many friends still live there. I am going to swim in the river with my friends again, to the picnics and drink homemade lemonade. I want to go fishing in the lake with my Dad and elder brothers, ride horses at the farm and sleep in the shade of the forest.
Speaker B: My trouble is that I want to go everywhere and see everything. Every opportunity that comes I’ll take it! I am still young but I don’t want to miss out of any chance. This year I decided to go to Egypt. Was it because I can get a good price for travel or that I want to see the Pyramids? Was it because I heard about the land of the Pharaohs and the unique blend of North Africa, southern Europe and Middle East? No — it is just that I have never been there before and now is my chance.
Speaker С: My Mum is French and as a result I am one of those people lucky enough to speak two languages without even trying. But until I never had the chance to go and explore France properly. Of course, I often visited Paris but these were all visits to Mum’s family. But half of my ancestors came from this land! I want to breathe the air of my grand- an great-grandparents. I want to slip back into a world that I have never known but somehow believe is still a part of me.
Speaker D: A British Punk band in the 1970’s recorded a hit record called Holidays in the Sun. Although I was a child then, I still think about the words ‘I want to see some history’ and ‘I want to go over the Berlin Wall’. It strikes me that holidays today are so trivial. We seldom try to learn about, let alone change, the world we live in. We follow like the herd, to beaches and roast in the sun. As for me, I am going to Botswana as a volunteer teacher. The package beach holiday is a symptom of a sick society.
Speaker E: I never took a holiday abroad. To be honest it is too expensive at the moment but really, it is not a priority either. My hobby is forest photography. Within 100 miles of home there are more forests than I can explore in a lifetime. My main speciality is birds. Getting a good clear shot can take two or three days of patient setting up. I have 11 decent species shots so far and I’ll be taking two weeks holiday this autumn and to try and get a few more.
Speaker F: All my life I have been a skier — both downhill and cross country. The trouble with a skiing holiday however is that all it takes is one small accident to ruin
everything. This year I was in the French Alps. Everything was going really well until the second day of a two weeks trip. But as I returned to the chalet a complete beginner lost control and crashed into me on the driveway. A cleanly broken ankle was the result, followed by three days in a French hospital and the rest of the holiday watching my friends having fun.
Задание 27 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Starving is the most important aspect of losing weight.
2. Getting enough exercise is essential.
3. Divide your food intake.
4. If you want to lose weight, change your lifestyle.
5. Set small realistic goals.
6. Count the amount of calories you take in.
7. Drinking water will speed your weight loss.
A – 6
B – 7
C – 5
D – 2
E – 4
F – 3
Speaker A: I can proudly say that I lost 80 pounds of unwanted fat and have kept the weight off for 3 years without starving but eating a combined balanced meal. If I did that, so can you! The bottom line is to keep the weight off, that unwanted fat, which is so hard to get rid of and not just have the illusion of losing weight when in reality we are losing mostly water with crash diets. The best way to achieve your weight loss goal without starving is to follow a balanced menu checking your calories intake. Personally, I prefer a high protein and moderate carbs, as our bodies need carbs to function properly.
Speaker B: Throw away gas, kerosene and the electric cooker. Also throw away salt. Get as many fruit and vegetables as you can. There is no restriction on quantity, timing on intake. Try to consume as much water as possible as it increases the rate at which you burn calories. But don’t waste your calories on liquids. Cut out the soda, sweetened beverages and limit fruit juices, most of which are high calorie. Carry on normal work. I followed this diet continuously for six months. In the end I lost 23 kg. I took cold water baths as I am used to it. I did morning walk, cycling but no other physical exercise.
Speaker С: Good on you for deciding to lose weight! But you should know that there is no safe way to lose weight quickly, if you lose weight very quickly you will be a lot less likely to keep it off. So, definitely try to lose weight consistently but don’t plan on losing overnight. This is the most important and the first aspect of getting your perfect body shape. Many of us have done this mistake by aiming to lose too much but later found ourselves only in lack of self confidence. If you have a lot of weight to lose, try for 5 pounds, relax a bit and then go for 5 more.
Speaker D: The first thing I would suggest is to believe in yourself and love yourself enough to commit to losing weight as it’s not easy. Secondly, I would urge you stay away from quick fixes. No ‘starvation diets’, no gimmicks, no diet shakes and no pills. The key to weight loss is simple — you should burn more than you take in! Walk the dog, join a health club, take up jogging. Whatever you do, you’ve got to move your body as much as possible if you want to lose weight. Your results will be more significant.
Speaker E: То add to the very sensible advice previously given, there are some ‘tricks’ to make weight loss easier but bear in mind that you have to reduce the calorie intake and increase the activity level permanently. This means you will have to seriously change your daily habits if you want to have any lasting success. As most people have a fixed ‘set weight’ they naturally tend towards, it is more difficult to reduce your weight if you have been your current weight for a long time. What you need to do is to get hold of your life and begin to live right, to eat right and to relax right.
Speaker F: Starving by skipping meals is a mistake I have often made in my life, feeling silently proud how long I’d managed to go without food. This is completely misguided. Firstly, this puts extra stress on your body, raises your Cortisol levels and is therefore unhealthy, and secondly, it leads to craving sugary foods, which will sabotage your weight loss objective. Just don’t do it! Make sure you have regular, smaller meals — at least four a day but no snack foods in between like crisps or chocolate bars. This will improve your body’s metabolism drastically and your body’s ability to burn your fat.
Задание 28 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. Some hobbies are a form of escape.
2. Pastimes are generally expensive.
3. An extra effort is sometimes rewarded.
4. It is not easy to focus on one hobby.
5. Hobbies can sometimes change one’s life.
6. Sometimes we need to travel to enjoy our hobby.
7. Hobbies can be a result of pure chance.
A – 7
B – 1
C – 4
D – 3
E – 5
F – 6
Speaker A: Susie and I collect and buy each other models of frogs! It all started as a silly joke at the office party but now we are serious collectors. I’ve been trying to find an interesting one for her birthday but it is not easy. She (that is we) have so many now. They are made from clay, porcelain, wood, plastic and even soap and wax. Some are the size of footballs and others the size of a match head. I am hoping to get a Japanese netsuke that I have seen on eBay.
Speaker B: Most people think fishermen are mad — getting up at an unspeakable hour to be by a lake or river bank to remain there for untold hours regardless of the weather whilst, for the most part, absolutely nothing happens! I understand their incredulity completely. But the truth is that I find fishing the perfect way to deal with my stress levels. When I am fishing it is as if my mind gradually empties. When I get back home I feel as if I have been away for months.
Speaker С: I wish I had a hobby. I’m kind of like everything but I am not really fascinated by anything in particular. Dad drives a taxi. He says all the drivers have hobbies as they often get hours of waiting between jobs. Some play golf. Others have chess games or learn languages or teach themselves guitar. I would like to have something like that. But what? I suppose there is nothing wrong with finding everything mildly interesting but I hope one day I’ll find something really distracting.
Speaker D: Football training is usually on a Wednesday night. But I often do a second session on a Friday. The keenest players (rather than the most gifted) generally get picked to start the game in our Sunday league. Taking this into account I made a superhuman effort to get there Friday evening and I am glad I did. The scout for Aston Villa was there. He watched a whole game and Baz and I are both going to Villa Park for a trial.
Speaker E: Evan Zimmermann loves watches. He’s so passionate about collecting watches, in fact, that four years ago he quit his day job as a lawyer and became the managing director of New York’s ‘Antiquorum’, the largest watch auction house in the world. Now, immersed in the world of watches, Zimmermann can keep an eager eye of rare timepieces as they become available to add to his constantly evolving personal collection.
Speaker F: AI lives in Brighton where there is rarely any decent surf. But it has not stopped the development of a local scene. Of course, they are all mad; watching surf calm day after day hoping to see some waves. They pine for their holidays when they can travel away to some decent surf location, for a week or two. But for the most part they dream, torture themselves watching surf videos or create web sites.
Задание 29 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1. The speaker says his/her favourite cuisine varies according to the season.
2. The speaker’s favourite cuisine includes such ingredients as cheese, tomato, wine, sauces, etc.
3. The speaker knows that the food he/she likes is high in fat content.
4. The speaker’s favourite cuisine is famous for its simplicity.
5. The speaker believes that his/her favourite cuisine is good for his/her health.
6. The speaker prefers having meals at home to dining out.
7. The speaker deliberately excludes some products from his/her diet.
A – 2
B – 5
C – 7
D – 3
E – 6
F – 1
Speaker A: I love Italian cuisine. My favourite Italian dish is lasagne and I often cook it myself. I guess I’m very much like Garfield, an orange tabby cat, the main character of a comic strip, who is known for his love for the Italian dish. Italian cuisine is well-known for its use of pasta. It includes noodles in various lengths, widths and shapes. Pasta is usually served with sauce. There are hundreds of different shapes of pasta. Cheese and wine are a major part of the cuisine. Pizzas are today among the most recognizable meals in Italian cuisine. Coffee, especially espresso, is the most popular drink.
Speaker B: I prefer Japanese cuisine which includes such ingredients as rice, noodles, vegetables, seafood, meets, mushrooms, beans and so on. My friends and I often go to a Japanese restaurant which is situated not far from my house and we always order sushi. Doctors say that Japanese food is low in fat and high in salt. I think that this cuisine is healthy because it includes much seafood.
Speaker С: I’m a vegetarian and I don’t eat meat and some animal products. My food includes cereals, fruits, vegetables, nuts and some dairy products. This kind of diet helps me keep my body weight under control. It is good for treatment of certain diseases, such as heart disease. Besides, vegetarians help save a lot of animals.
Speaker D: I know it’s not very healthy to eat fast food but I like it so much! I adore hamburgers, cheeseburgers, apple pies, muffins and fruit cocktails. I know that fast food makes people fat and elevates risk for diabetes. Experts say that a regular meal at McDonald’s consisting of a Big Mac, large fries and a large Coca- Cola drink amounts to 1430 calories. Besides, there is a risk of food poisoning. But I can’t say ‘NO’ when my friends suggest going to McDonald’s.
Speaker E: I can’t say which cuisine is my favourite. Sometimes I go to Italian restaurants. Sometimes I prefer Indian cuisine… But most of all I enjoy my meal at home. My mother is a wonderful cook and her dinners are always delicious. She has the know-how to cook any dish and she collects recipes from different countries. So I always say: ‘Why go to the cafe if I have a personal chef at home?’
Speaker F: When I was in Paris last year I took to French cuisine. In summer salads and fruit dishes are popular because they are refreshing and inexpensive. At the end of summer mushrooms become plentiful and appear in stews throughout France. In autumn game of all kinds is eaten because the hunting season begins in September and runs through February. Shellfish are at their peak when winter turns to spring, and oysters appear in restaurants in large quantities.
Задание 30 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1) My parents give me career advice.
2) I sacrificed my social life to get my ideal job.
3) Going to work was more fun than stressful.
4) Having a job taught me valuable life lessons.
5) My mum inspired my choice of future career.
6) I use my skills to help others find employment
7) I don’t care about making lots of money.
A – 4
B – 7
C – 2
D – 5
E – 3
F – 6
Speaker A: I think it’s a great thing for teenagers to have part-time jobs. When I was a teenager, I worked in my local shop on Saturdays and Sundays. It was difficult finding time to fit in all my schoolwork and socialising with friends, and sometimes I really didn’t want to go to work. Especially when I could have been having a lie in instead! But, in the end, I think it taught me about responsibility and good time management. These are important skills that people need to learn when they’re young, so that they can be successful adults.
Speaker B: I’m so lucky to have a job that I really enjoy. Lots of my friends ended up getting jobs that don’t really like, just because they get paid a lot of money. I work as a zookeeper, so I don’t get paid a lot, but when I wake up in the morning, I can’t wait to get into work and see all the animals. My favourite are the monkeys, they can be so funny! I love spending the day looking after them and seeing the silly things they do. I think that feeling is worth a lot more than money.
Speaker С: Ever since I was a little boy, I’ve always wanted to be a lawyer. Some people think it’s a boring job, but to me, the idea of helping people in need and seeing justice done has always seemed exciting. When I was at school, I studied extremely hard to achieve my goal. While my friends were hanging out around town and skateboarding, I was at home doing my homework. All the hard work has paid off though, now I’m studying law at university and next year I’ll hopefully start work at a local law firm. It’s everything I ever wanted.
Speaker D: My mum is a nurse at a hospital in the city. She works really long hours and often comes home late at night, or early in the morning. It’s hard for her because it’s a really stressful job. She has to look after lots of patients at the same time, not to mention dealing with their families. But she always makes sure that she’s happy and cheerful with the patients, so that they don’t get upset. I’m really proud of her for doing a job that helps people. One day I’d like to follow in her footsteps.
Speaker E: The best job I ever had was when I was twenty and I worked at the local cinema. It didn’t pay a lot, but I had so much fun there. I got on really well with the people I worked with, so going in to work every day was more like hanging out with friends than actually having a job. Also, I got to sit in the cinema and watch all the latest movies for free. It was easy, fun and I got to see all the big blockbusters! I only worked there for two years, but it was a blast.
Speaker F: I worked hard every day for over forty years. I was never late for work and I always did what my boss asked of me. I finally retired when I was 65, so now I don’t work at all anymore. I thought that I’d be happy not to have to work, but actually I was bored with nothing to do all day. So, I decided to start volunteering at a local homelessness charity. I give advice to young homeless people on how to get jobs and succeed in the workplace. It’s nice that all my years of experience are finally being used to help others.
Задание 31 на высказывания говорящих и утверждения
1) I’m not trendy or outgoing enough.
2) My character changes in a crowd.
3) I’m far too gullible because of my background.
4) I need to bring more culture into my life.
5) I’m a very restless person.
6) I lose my cool when I’m delayed.
7) I put my image before my enjoyment.
A – 6
B – 7
C – 3
D – 1
E – 2
F – 5
Speaker A: One of my worst flaws is my impatience. I often burn my mouth with hot food because I can’t wait for it to cool down. And if I have to stand in a queue for anything, I get annoyed very quickly. Queuing always puts me in a bad mood. Sometimes I’m rude to shop assistants after waiting a long time to be served, even if I know it’s not their fault. I need to learn ways of calming my mind in those situations.
Speaker B: I try too hard to be popular, and as a result I’m not always honest about what I want to do. I’ve been to so many concerts and films I didn’t really enjoy, just because I thought the friend who invited me was cool and I wanted to be more like them. Sometimes I look at people’s social media pages to see how many friends I have and I compare their total with mine, which is crazy, really. It’s quality that counts with friendship.
Speaker С: I grew up in a small village where everybody knew each other and everybody was trustworthy. Even though I live in a large city now, I’m too trusting towards people, especially salespeople. If someone tells me they can give me a special deal or discount, I totally believe it and part with my money every time. I need to learn to say no to people who use aggressive sales techniques.
Speaker D: I need to be more adventurous with my clothes. I wear neutral colours for both work and socialisng, because I don’t like to draw too much attention to myself, and at home I wear baggy sports tops and bottoms. I should expand my wardrobe so that I’ve got less conservative clothes for going out, and smarter clothes for work and I shouldn’t be so keen to fade into the background.
Speaker E: I think I’m a very sociable and even confident person when I’m talking to one person or a few close friends, but for some reason I lose all my confidence when I have to talk to a large group, especially if it’s people I don’t know. Thankfully I don’t have to do it too often in my job. My face goes bright red when I have to do any kind of public speaking. Deep breathing helps, though.
Speaker F: My problem is that I get bored too easily. I find it hard to sit still for very long. While my friends like nothing more than sunbathing and reading, I have to be doing something active, so it’s hard to find holidays and weekend trips that we can all enjoy. Even at home I find it hard to relax with a book or film. One of my friends says I should get a dog as all the walking would tire me out nicely.